Justice Unit Vocabulary Terms
Terms in this set (28)
The person on trial is declared not guilty. They may go free.
A charge yet to be proven, when someone is accused of a crime, but no charges have been filed.
The person convicted of a crime asks for another trial.
The step in the judicial process where the accused is brought before the judge, a lawyer is appointed, and a plea of guilty or not guilty is entered.
When the witness is on stand in court and he/she is being questioned by both the prosecution and the defense.
The defendant and his/her legal counsel: they are responsible for providing and disputing evidence to cast doubt in the minds of the jurors of judge.
Being put on trial for the same crime twice.
Any object or testimony related to the crime that can be investigated or examined.
A major crime (attempted murder, armed robbery, assault) with a major punishment.
The juror who is in charge of the jury and serves as it's spokesperson.
A group of people who decide whether there is enough evidence for a trial.
A jury cannot make a unanimous decision.
The formal accusation by the grand jury. The person is "officially" charged with a crime.
A group citizens who determine the guilt or innocence of a defendant based on the evidence.
A minor crime (shoplifting, loitering) with a minor punishment.
Released from prison for reasons like good behavior.
If a witness does not tell the truth on the witness stand, the person has committed this punishable crime.
A crime that is planned ahead of time.
The party that opens the case: they are responsible for providing evidence that will prove the defendant's guilt beyond a reasonable doubt. They have the burden of proof.
Enough doubt to vote not guilty.
The punishment delivered by the judge when a person is found guilty.
A formal written or spoken statement, especially one given in a court of law.
The jury's final decision about the defendant when the trial comes to a close (guilty or not guilty).
One who takes the law into his/her hands (like Batman).
The jury's process of making a decision before reaching a verdict.
A reason or "motivation" for committing a crime.
A person who saw the crime occur and can provide information.
A suspects story about where he/she was at the time of the crime, in order to show that he/she was not at the scene of the crime.