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Asher Lev Jewish Terminology

Asher Leve vocabular
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bar mitzvah
a Jewish boy's transition into adulthood at the age of 13 when the Ten Commandments must be followed
Borchu
a traditional Jewish prayer
bris
ceremony celebrating circumcision; traditionally performed on the eighth day of life
Chumash
first five books of the Hebrew Bible
esrog
special fruit eaten during the Succos festival
farbrengen
a Hasidic gathering
goyim
Gentiles
Hasidism
orthodox Jewish movement which emphasizes mysticism and creativity
kibud ov
honor your father
kosher
food that meets the guidelines of Jewish dietary laws
Krias Shema
affirmation of faith to be recited when going ot bed and when getting up
lulov
palm branch
mashpia
yeshiva teacher in charge of students' spiritual growth
mazel tov
Yiddish for "congratulations"
Midrash
anecdotal or allegorical material used to teach a moral
mikveh
ritual bath of purification
Passover
festival celebrating the Jewish exodus from Egypt
payos
traditional hair worn long at the temples; also called earlocks or sidecurls
Pesach
Hebrew for "Passover"
Reb
title of respect
Rebbe
spiritual master and advisor of a Hasidic group
Ribbono Shel Olom
reference to the Master of the Universe
Rosh Hashonoh
the Jewish New Year
Seder
feast celebrating the Jewish exodus from Egypt
Shabbos
day of rest which begins every Friday at sunset and lasts untl nightfall on Saturday
shofar
horn sounded on the Jewish holiday of Rosh Hashonoh
sitra achra
literally "the other side"
Succos
holiday on which Jewish people leave their homes to live in temporary dwellings
tallis
prayer shawl
Talmud
collection of interpretations and commentary on the Torah
Tisha b'Av
day of fasting in recognition of the misfortune that has plagued Jews throughout history
Torah
Can refer to the Hebrew Bible or the five books of Moses
tzaddikim
Hasidic authorities
yeshiva
school in which Torah is primary focus
Yom Kippur
the holiest of Jewish holidays
zemiros
songs sung at the Shabbos table