Chapter 11 Terms World History

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Terms in this set (...)

Middle Kingdom
what the Chinese called their land; means "Chung Kuo" in Chinese and carried with it the idea that China was in the center of the world
Ming dynasty
overthrew the Mongols in the 14th century; restored native Chinese rule and focused on art, reconstruction and exploration
Taizu
founded Ming dynasty; used secret police force to find enemies of the Empire
Chengzu
third emperor of the Ming dynasty
porcelain
perfected by the Ming; known as "China"; used for making vases, plates, etc.
landscapes
nature scenes
Imperial City
built in Peking (Beijing) by the Ming leaders
Grand Canal
restored by the Ming leaders and opened up trade within China
Great Wall of China
began as isolated fortresses and for defense; Ming leaders built most of the portions
Zheng He
sent out by the Ming leader Xuanzong; admiral of seven voyages
Manchu dynasty
seized power from the Ming dynasty; located northeast of China
Ottoman Empire
began during the beginning of the 14th century in the land east of the Byzantine Empire
Anatolia
region located in today's Turkey; the land east of the Byzantine Empire
Mehmet II
defeated the Byzantine Empire; robbed Constantinople
Istanbul
formerly known as Constantinople; became the permanent capital of the Ottoman Empire
Shah Ismail I
founded the Safavid dynasty
Safavid Empire
founded by Shah Ismail I; Shiite Muslims
Abbas
son of Shah Ismail I; regarded as the 2nd founder of the Safavid Empire
Babur
"the Tiger" descendant of Chinggis Khan (Mongol) and Tamerlane (Turk); practiced jihad
Mughal Empire
invaded India; overthrew the Muslim government; practiced jihad
Akbar
most effective Mughal ruler; practiced jihad; no tax on non-Muslims and had Hindus in government
British East India Company
agreed by Shah Alam II; protected the Mughals; gained enough power to rule large areas of India
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