SOCIOLOGY

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Terms in this set (...)

Sociology
Social Science that studies human society and social behavior
Social Sciences
Related disciplines that study various aspects of human social behaviors
Social Interaction
Degree of attachments people have to social groups or to the society
Social Phenomena
an observable fact or event that involves the human society
Sociological Perspective
A viewing of the behavior of groups
Sociological Imagination
Ability to see the connection between the large world and our personal lives
Anthropology
Comparative study of various aspects of past and present cultures
Psychology
Science that deals with the behavior and thinking of organisms
Social Psychology
Study of how an individual's behavior and personality are affected by the social enviornment
Economics
Study of the choices people make in an effort to satisfy their wants and needs
Political Science
Study of the organization and operation of governments
History
Study of past events
Social Darwinism
Perspective that holds that societies evolve toward stability and perfection
Function
Positive consequence an element of society has for the maintenance of the social system
Verstehen
Empatheic understanding of the meanings others attach to their actions
Ideal Type
Description of the essential characterisitcs of some aspect of society
Theoretical Perspectives
General set of assumptions about the nature of phenomena. In the caseof sociology, a theoretical perspective outlines
Functional Perspectives
Theoretical perpsective that views society as a set of interrelated parts that work together to produce a stable social system
Dysfuctional
Negative consquences an elemet has for the stability of the social system
Manifest Function
theory of population propoed by Thomas Malthus, in which population increases geometrically and the food supply increases arithmetically.
Latent Function
Unintended and unrecognized consquences of some element of society
Conflict Perspective
Theortcal Perspective that focuses on those forces in society that promote competition and change
Interactionist Perspective
Theoretical perspective that focuses on how individuals interact with one another in society
Symbol
anything that stands for something else and has a shared meaning attached to it
Symbolic Interaction
interaction between people that takes place through the use of symbols
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