Cellular Respiration review

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Cellular Respiration
The process that releases energy (ATP) by breaking down glucose.
Aerobic respiration
Converting glucose into ATP in the presence of oxygen.
Anaerobic Respiration
Converting glucose into ATP without the presence of oxygen.
Alcoholic Fermentation
used by organisms such as yeast to recycle products of glycolysis. Alcohol and Carbon Dioxide made, NO additional ATP made.
Lactic Acid Respiration
Lactic acid made, NO additional ATP made.
Glycolysis
First stage of anaerobic AND anaerobic cellular respiration. Breaks glucose down into two pyruvic acid molecules, net gain of 2 ATP.
ATP
Adenosine triphosphate. Energy.
Pyruvic Acid
3 carbon sugar produced when glucose is split during glycolysis
Mitochondria
Organelle found in all organisms that is the site of aerobic cellular respiration
ATP synthase
Enzyme that helps make ATP
Krebs Cycle
Step in aerobic respiration that takes pyruvic acid from glycolysis to produce carbon dioxide and high energy electrons. Takes place in mitochondria. Net gain of 2 ATP.
Electron Transport Chain
Step of aerobic respiration that take the high energy electrons from the Krebs cycle to change ADP to ATP. takes place in mitochondria. Net gain of 32-34 ATP
Anaerobic Respiration
Does not use oxygen
Aerobic Respiration
Uses oxygen
Fermentation
When oxygen is NOT present in anaerobic cellular respiration.
Glycolosis
The first step of cellular respiration
Cytoplasm
Place where cells perform glycolosis
Krebs Cycle and Electron Transport Chain
process occurring in the Mitochondria
Steps 2 and 3 of Cellular Respiration.
Definition of Cellular Respiration
The process of breaking the chemical bonds of glucose into energy. Breaking chemical bonds releases electrons.
Cellular Respiration Chemical Equation (Formula)
C6H12O2 + 6O2 ------> 6CO2 + 6H20 + Energy (ATP)

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