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U.S. Government - Unit 1- KL
Terms in this set (45)
government system where there is no order. It usually exists between government styles.
government system that is ruled by few, privileged upper class
government system where one person has absolute control
government system where few make the rules
government system where there is a single ruler. Absolute - no limitation on the monarch power.
What makes a state?
• Population -- the size of the population and type of people doesn't matter
• Territory - known and recognized boundaries.
• Sovereignty Final authority over its own matters. Not subordinate to any other power
What is a government?
Political organization that runs a state.Has power and authority over people
How did governments form?
• Force Theory
• Evolution Theory
• Divine Right Theory
• Social Contract Theory
How is power distributed?
• How is power distributed?
• Unitary - all power held by central gov't
• Federal - power divided - local, state, national
• Confederate - no central power, all local
What is the purpose of government?
• Maintaining social order
• Providing public goods and services
• Providing national security
• Make economic decisions
articles of confederation
This document, the nation's first constitution, was adopted by the Second Continental Congress in 1781 during the Revolution. The document was limited because states held most of the power, and Congress lacked the power to tax, regulate trade, or control coinage. It was replaced by the constitution in 1789.
the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include the right to life, liberty, and property
supporters of the constitution during the debate over its ratification; favored a strong national government
Opposed to a strong central government; saw undemocratic tendencies in the Constitution and insisted on the inclusion of the Bill of Rights. Included Thomas Jefferson, James Monroe, and Patrick Henry.
a lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts. u.s congress is: senate and house of representatives
Government can only exist and function with the consent of the governed. Principle of the Constitution.
Powers allowed the Federal governments are restricted. Principle of the Constitution.
Separation of Power
Powers of the federal government are distributed among branches. Principle of the Constitution.
Civil Rights and Liberties
People that are governed have rights that government must respect. Principle of the Constitution.
Checks and Balances
Each branch of government is restrained by other branches. Principle of the Constitution.
Legislative -> House of Representatives and Senate.
Congress = House of Representatives + Senate
Executive -> President and Vice President
Judicial -> Supreme Court
Articles of Confederation (Pro)
•Power equally shared among 13 states
•2/3 states needed to agree to pass laws
•Unanimous vote needed to amend or change the Articles of Confederation
•The states promise to work together, but not enforcement -> all based on trust
•Congress could make treaties
•Allowed to borrow money
•Passed laws to allow future states to join
Articles of Confederation (Con)
•No executive branch at federal level
•No judicial branch at federal level
•Federal gov't not allowed to tax, but they are allowed to borrow money
•Too difficult to make changes to Articles of Confederation
- The swearing in of an official to his/her position.
-Most often referring to the president.
-The reason its important is because it symbolizes the peaceful transfer of power.
-Illustrates the importance of the election. The will of the people.
-Always takes place at noon on the 20th day of January following the election
Declaration of Independence (Principles)
•Unalienable = natural rights
•Consent of the governed
•Right to change or overthrow government
•Independence is a last resort
What is the purpose of the Declaration of Independence?
To declare independence /separation from English King. List of grievances against the king - including how he manipulates the representatives. List of "some" natural rights. Rights that should be protected by government for all humans.
Article of Confederation
This was the first government of the United States. It was a weak government that could not raise money with taxes. State governments had more power than the government itself under this.
Reasons FOR Independence
•New form of government
•British troops are already fighting
•Rid Taxation from England
•Colonists desired democracy
Reasons AGAINST Independence
•War is serious
•Feel finding peace is still possible
•Economic risk - trade
•Loyalty to king
•Fear of new government
•Feels moving to quickly
•First in history for this type of request
Rule of a state by God or a god; gov't by priests claiming to rule with divine authority
A form of government in which citizens vote on laws and rule directly and not through representatives.
A system of government in which citizens elect representatives, or leaders, to make decisions about the laws for all the people.
A Massachusetts attorney and politician who was a strong believer in colonial independence. He argued against the Stamp Act and was involved in various patriot groups. As a delegate from Massachusetts, he urged the Second Continental Congress to declare independence. He helped draft and pass the Declaration of Independence. Adams later served as the second President of the United States.
He was a delegate from Virginia at the Second Continental Congress and wrote the Declaration of Independence. He later served as the third President of the United States.
Father of the constitution; leading federalist; author of the Bill of Rights. 4th president. lead nation through War of 1812
A new provision in the Constitution that has been ratified by the states. A change in, or addition to, a constitution or law
Divine Right Theory
The idea that monarchs are God's representatives on earth and are therefore answerable only to God. Belief that a rulers authority comes directly from god.
Government emerged when all the people of an area were brought under the authority of one person or group
This theory claims that the states evolved from family, as in the head of the family (the eldest one) served as government authority.
Social Contract Theory
The Social Contract was made between the rulers and the ruled to create a government and to protect the natural rights of the citizens that is- the right of life, liberty, and property. Locke believed in the natural right and also that people should be having it.
Unitary Distribution of Power
Characterized by or constituting a form of government in which power is held by one central authority/government.
Federal Distribution of Power
Power is divided - local, state, national. Power is shared between a central and regional governments.
Confederate Distribution of Power
Where the states or local governments hold all of the power.
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