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Human Anatomy Zoo 234

Precise Language of Anatomy: 1.Anatomic Position 2.Sections & Planes 3.Directional Terms 4.Regional Terms 5. Body Cavities 6. Regions of Abdominopelvic Cavity
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Anatomic position
palms facing forward,heels touching with feet spread apart
Coronal plane/ frontal plane
cuts down through the body through the skill. results in anterior and posterior portions
transverse plane/ cross-sectional plane
cuts across the body through the center and results in unequal superior and inferior portions
midsagittal plane/ median plane
cuts down though the body to result in left and right halves
oblique plane
passes through specimen at an angle
anterior/ventral
the front of the body or part
posterior/dorsal
the back of the body or part
medial
describing the location of two or more points on the body, refers to the point CLOSEST to the median plane
lateral
describing the location of two or more points on the body, refers to the point FARTHEST to the median plane
superior
towards the head, can refer to the upper part of an organ
inferior
towards the feet, can refer to the lower part of an organ
superficial/ external
near the surface of the body or organ, the outer portion of the body or part
deep/internal
towards the center of the body part, or organ, the interior portion of the body part
proximal
when comparing two points this refers to the point nearest to the attachment to the trunk
distal
opposite of proximal, refers to the point farthest away from the attachment to the trunk
palmar/ volar
anterior surface of the hand
plantar
the underside or sole of the foot
ipsilateral
refers to the same side of the body or part
contralateral
refers to the opposite sides of the body or part
Abdominal
abdomen
Antebrachial
forearm
Antecubital
infront of the elbow
Auricular
ear
Axillary
armpit
Brachial
arm
Buccal
cheek
Calceneal
heel
Carpal
wrist
Cephalic
head
Cervical
spine
Coxal
Hip
Cranial
skull
Crural
leg
Deltoid
shoulder
Digital
fingers/toes
Dorsal
back
Femoral
thigh
Fibular
lateral aspect of leg
Frontal
forehead
Gluteal
buttock
Hallux
Great toe
Inguinal
groin
Lumbar
Loin
Mammary
breast
Manus
hand
Mental
chin
Nasal
nose
Occipital
Base of skull
Olecranal
back of elbow
Oral
mouth
Orbital
eye
Palmar
palm
Patellar
anterior knee
Pelvic
pelvis
Perineal
between anus & genitals
Pes
foot
Plantar
sole
Pollex
thumb
Popliteal
back-of-knee
Pubic
genital region
Radial
Lateral aspect of forearm
Sacral
between hips
Scapular
shoulder blade
Sternal
sternum
Sural
calf
Tarsal
ankle
Thoracic
chest
Tibial
medial aspect of leg
Ulnar
medial aspect of forearm
Umbilical
Navel
Vertebral
spinal column
Dorsal (posterior) body cavity portions:
Cranial Cavity; & Vertebral (Spinal) cavity
Ventral (anterior) body cavity portions:
Thoracic cavity & Abdominopelvic cavity
of the ventral cavity, Thoracic cavity portions:
Pleural cavities, Pericardial cavity, & Mediastium
of the ventral cavity, Abdominopelvic cavity portions:
Abdominal cavity, & Pelvic cavity
a portion of the Thoracic cavity, The Mediastium:
area between the Pleural cavities; contains the Heart within its Pericardial cavity.