10 terms

Foundational

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Magna Carta
first document that challenged the authority of the king and made the king subject to the law
English Bill of Rights
a series of acts passed by the English Parliament in 1689 that limited the rights of the monarchy and ensured the superiority of the Parliament.
The Great Awakening
a series of religious revivals focused on the freedom of worshipping a person's religion of choice.
Mayflower Compact
the first agreement for self-government in America in which the signers agreed on fair laws for the colony.
Declaration of Independence
a document that stated that all men possess unalienable rights that should not be violated and that governments and rulers should protect the rights of citizens; in exchange, people agreed to be governed.
Virginia Statute of Religious Freedom
a document that declared that no person could be forced to attend a particular church or be required to pay for a church with tax money.
Articles of Confederation
provided the base for the first National government where Congress was the single branch of the National government, but had limited powers.
Federalist Papers
stated that Federal government should handle issues affecting the entire nation and that state and local governments should handle state and local issues.
Enlightenment
a movement in the 18th century that promoted the idea that reason and logic could improve society.
Common Sense
a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that criticized monarchies and convinced many American colonists of the need to break away from Britain because of Britain's abuse of power.