88 terms

APUSH Final 1

Tests A, and B
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fleeing religious persecution
The English Colonists on the Mayflower were primarily motivated to leave England because they were
a division between "New Light" revivalists and "Old Light" traditionalist
Which of the following is a consequence of the First Great Awakening?
depended on agriculture
The New England colonies, Southern colonies, and the Middle colonies were all similar in that they
it acknowledged that governmental power should come from the consent of the governed
Which statement is true regarding the main idea of the Mayflower Compact?
as a result, Great Britain gained control of more territory
Which of the following is true of the French and Indian War?
development of a colonial expectation of more territory
The result of salutary neglect on the colonies was
territorial boundaries were not specified
The Treaty in Utrecht in 1713 ended Queen Anne's War. It granted Great Britain new territory in Canada, but allowed France to maintain holdings in the Lawrence River and Cape Breton in Nova Scotia. The treaty failed to maintain a lasting peace because
it established separation of church and state, it granted suffrage to more people than most New England colonies
Which of the following is true of Rhode Island?
the emergence of Germany as a major land based power
Which of the following was NOT a contributing factor which changed European attitudes toward exploration and colonization?
Baptism
The Puritans living in New England during the mid-1600s began losing interest in the church. As a result, the Halfway Covenant was passed in 1663. The Halfway Covenant changed the rules in regard to which of the following?
mercantilism
Which system was used by North American colonists to build independent local economies while simultaneously supporting Britain's wealth?
a wave of religious revivalism
The Great Awakening of the mid 1700s can be described as
it began on North American soil and later spread to Europe
The French and Indian War waws the last of four major intercolonial wars between the British, French, and their Native American allies. It was different from the previous three because
education was considered a privileged luxury
Which of the following best characterizes early colonial attitudes toward education?
plantation farming
Which technique originated with Native Americans and was adopted by the English settlers at Jamestown?
established a degree of religious toleration in Maryland
The Toleration Act
competition between federalists and anti-federalists in Virgina
Bacon's Rebellion of 1676 revealed all of the following EXCEPT
the establishment of the ownership of private property
During the first two decades of the 17th century, all of the following aided in the establishment and growth of the colony at Jamestown EXCEPT
a decreasing population due to disease and starvation
Which of the following characterized life in the Chesapeake region in the early 17th century?
to guarantee that England alone would profit from trade with the colonies
Which of the following is properly considered the main purpose of the Navigation Acts?
France
Which of the following nations was forced out of its colonial holdings in North America in the 17th century?
experiencing feelings of powerlessness and insecurity, many Puritans found witchcraft an explanation for the disorder and change around them
The Salem Village witchcraft crisis occurred for which of the following reasons?
cotton
Which of the following was NOT involved in the Triangle Trade during the colonial period?
Massachusetts
Which of the following colonies required each community of 50 or more families to provide a teacher of reading and writing?
the state should not impose its authority in matters of faith, colonists had no right to land until it was purchased from the Indians
Roger Williams believed that
put an end to salutary neglect
The establishment of the Dominion of New England was an attempt to
the head right system burdened them with an oversupply of labor
Which of the following is true of the Southern colonies?
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
The first written constitution in America was the
one of increased centralized control over the colonies
Britain's new imperial policy after 1763 can best be described as
imported French molasses
The Sugar Act (1764) placed a duty, or tax, on
New England merchants
The group most adversely affected by the passage of the Sugar Act (1764) were
prohibited American settlements west of the Appalachian mountains
The Proclamation of 1763
Molasses Act
Which of the following was not part of Britain's new imperial system after 1763?
restore the empire to what it had been before 1763
The reason most Americans took up arms in 1775 was to
he was respected as a powerful leader
George Washington was named commander of the Continental Army primarily because
affirmed the loyalty of the colonists to the crown
The so-called Olive Branch Petition to the king in 1775
denounced the monarchy as a degenerate institution
The main argument of Thomas Paine's Common Sense
Germany
Britain's hiring soldiers from ______ to fight the colonists infuriated North America
each member of Parliament virtually represented all of the citizens of the empire
The English responded to colonial complaints against "taxation without representation" by asserting
Patrick Henry
____ drafted the Virginia Resolutions in 1765, which stated that colonists could be taxed only by their own assemblies
asserted Parliament's absolute right to legislate for the colonies.
The Declatory Act
raise revenue
The principal reform envisioned by the Townshend Revenue Act was to
all of the above
Reasons for the colonists' anger over the Tea Act included
reorganized the government of Massachusetts
The Coercive Acts
the First Continental Congress
The colonial response to the Coercive Acts (1774) was the calling of
all of the above (on test questions)
The goal of the British troops sent to Lexington and Concord in April 1775 was
attempted to save the British East India Company from financial disaster
The Tea Act (1773)
tea
In 1770, British Parliament repealed each of the Townshend Duties except for the one on
Sons of Liberty
The group most responsible for overt resistance to acts of Parliament were the
all of the above (on test questions)
The colonial response to the Stamp Act included
was the first indirect internal tax passed by Parliament for the North American colonies
The colonists opposed the Stamp Tax because it
Thomas Jefferson
The Declaration of Independence was primarily written by
centralize and increase British control over all of the colonies
The purpose of George Grenville's revenue policies was to
a group of colonists that organized violent protests against English tax laws
The Sons of Liberty was
recognition of colonial authority in providing supplies and housing for British troops
Which of the following was not part of the Townshend program?
coordinate inter colonial communication and organize efforts to defend American liberties
Colonial assemblies set up committies of correspondence to
extended French civil law to the area between the Great Lakes and the Ohio River
Colonists objected to the Quebec Act because it
New York
By early 1776, delegates within the Second Continental Congress from all of the following colonies except ___ voted for independence
was an external tax
The Stamp Act
paying the salaries of governors and judges in the colonies
Revenues raised by the Townshend Revenue Act of 1767 were to be used for
it was designed to provide the British government with much-needed revenue
Which of the following statements about the Tea Act of 1773 is NOT true?
town meetings in Massachusetts were prohibited
Which of the following was NOT a consequence of the Boston Tea Party?
Philadelphia
The First Continental Congress met in
one-third
Those who remained loyal to the British crown made up about ____ of the white population in North America
Trenton
Washington's victory at ____ over the Hessians on Christmas night was a dramatic morale booster to the American cause
The French entered the war on the side of the colonies
The most important outcome of the Battle of Saratoga was that
regulate trade
One of the major problems of the Confederation Congress was that it did not have the power to
Yorktown
The final major battle in the Revolutionary War was fought at
Paris
The peace treaty ending the war between Britain and America was the Treaty of
Anglican Church
The church that suffered most from the revolutionary conflict was the
Pennsylvania
The first state to end the institution of slavery through a gradual abolition law was
the prohibition on African Americans moving into the territory
The Northwest Ordinance included all of the following except
the true educators of patriotism for their children
The idea of the republican mother argued that women were
all of the above
After the Battles of Trent and Princeton, the Continental Army was improved by
requisitioning funds and printing currency
The central government under the Articles of Confederation raised money by
created a central government that was weaker than the individual states
The Articles of Confederation
sided with England because is seemed less risky than supporting an untried American union
Most loyalists
a strong leader but an often inept military strategist
George Washington is best described as
the Mississippi River was recognized as the western boundary of the US
In the peace treaty that ended the American Revolution
was gradually abolished in all the Northern states
In the years after the end of the American Revolution, slavery
England's occupation of forts in the US-owned territory bordering the Great Lakes
One ongoing source of trouble between England and the US after the revolution was
convinced many conservatives that a stronger central government was neccessary
Shay's rebellion was significant because it
a two-house legislature with representation based on population
The Virginia Plan, James Madison proposed
established proportional representation in one house and state equality in the other
The Connecticut Compromise of the Constiturton
chosen by an electoral college
The Constitution of 1787 provided that the president and vice president would be
all of the above (see test)
The central government created by the Constitution of 1787 had the power to
its acceptance by at least nine states in special conventions
The framers of the Constitution of 1787 established it would be ratified by
lack of a specific list of individual rights
The most serious criticism of the Constitution during ratification was the