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19 terms

Unit B: Chapter 1

STUDY
PLAY
thermal energy
the total energy of the particles that make up any matter
heat
the flow of energy from warmer to cooler matter
temperature
a measurement of the average motion of the particles in a substance or object
Celsius
temperature scale that is part of the metric system
fahrenheit
most commonly used temperature scale in the United States
expand
to take up more space, to get larger
contract
to take up less space, to get smaller
conduction
flow of heat from one object to another by direct contact
conductor
a substance through which energy travels easily
insulator
a substance that slows down the transfer of heat
convection
flow of thermal energy that occurs when a warm liquid or gas moves from one place to another
radiation
transfer of energy from one place to another without the use of matter
0 degrees
freezing point in Celsius
212 degrees
boiling point in Fahrenheit
32 degrees
freezing piont in Fahrenheit
100 degrees
boiling point in Celsius
bimetallic strip
used in a thermostat to control the furnace
mercury
liquid substance used in thermometers
Thermogram
Shows different temperature ranges using color.