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AP Human Geography Ch.8
Terms in this set (38)
A meeting from 1884-1885 at which representatives of European nations agreed on rules colonization of Africa
bridge: 3 tiered economic structure because the Berlin conference was an example of capitalism
nation that stretches across borders and across states
bridge: nation because and multistate nation is a nation
the different voting districts that make up local, state, and national regions
Ex:In the Republic of Ireland, for instance, national elections to Dáil Éireann are held using a combination of 3, 4, and 5 member districts.
bridge: gerrymandering because it is when politicians abuse electoral regions
process of undoing coloniasm such that the colonized country achieves independence from the mother country
ex: the Ottoman Empire
a country's or more local community's sense of property and attachment toward its territory, as expressed by its determination to keep it inviolable and strongly defended
bridge: territorial integrity
ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states
bridge: territorial integrity
the right of a state to defend soverign territory against incurrsion from other states
a culturally defined group of people with a shared past and a common future who relate to a territory and have political goals.
bridge: ethnic conflicts
a politically organised area in which nation and state occupy the same space.
Government by the people, exercised either directly or through elected representative
bridge: multinational state
state with more than one nation within its borders
ex: pretty much every country
bridge: stateless nation
People groups without established sovereign borders
Attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory.
ex: the british
A state or territory that is small in both size and population.
ex: Vatican City
a policy of extending your rule over foreign countries
a politically organized body of people under a single government
a part of a country that is seperated from the rest of the country and surrounded by foreign territory.
ex: the Caniapiscau Regional County Municipality
an international boundary or the area (often fortified) immediately inside the boundary
ex: The West
bridge: satellite states
an enclosed territory that is culturally distinct from the foreign territory that surrounds it
ex: The Filomena Islands
A code of maritime law approved by the United Nations in 1982 that authorizes, among other provisions, territorial waters extending 12 nautical miles (22km) from shore and 200-nautical-mile-wide (370-km-wide) exclusive economic zones.
a political barrier that isolated the peoples of Eatern Europe after WWII, restricting their ability to travel outside the region
Process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicity.
capital city positioned in actually or potentially contested territory usually near an international border, it confirms the states determination to maintain its presence in the region in contention.
bridge: buffer state
the formal act of acquiring something (especially territory) by conquest or occupation
a small neutral state between two rival powers
ex: Uruguay served as a demilitarised buffer-zone between Argentina and the Empire of Brazil
bridge: satellite states
bring together to parts of a country under one government
A political term that refers to a country which is formally independent, but under heavy influence or control by another country.
ex: The Czechoslovak Socialist Republic
the process of declining from a higher to a lower level of effective power or vitality or essential quality
ex: The Spanish Constitution of 1978 granted autonomy to the nationalities and regions of which the Kingdom of Spain is composed.
type of conflict that occurs when different tribes are lumped together to form a country
ex: Isreal/Pakistan; Yugoslovia
an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
bridge: Iron Curtain
The process of reassigning representation based on population, after every census
ex: The Congress
bridge: electoral regions
the ability of a government to determine their own course of their own free will
ex: the populations of federal units of the Yugoslav federation were considered a people in the breakup of Yugoslavia, even though some of those units had very diverse populations.
a region caught between stronger colliding external cultural-political forces, under persistent stress, and often fragmented by aggressive rivals
A venture involving 3 or more national states political economic or cultural cooperation to promote shared objectives
ex: The European Union
bridge: The European Union
with reference to Immanuel Wallerstein's world-systems theory, the division of the world into the core, the periphery, and the semi-periphery as a means to help explain the interconnections between places in the global economy
more technologically advanced; importers, consumers, post-industrial
suppliers of raw materials and labor. extractive activities
less strong; manufactures raw materials, cheap labor (export and import, production industrial economy)
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