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25 terms

Naming Skeletal Muscles

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Rectus
Running along/parallel to the midline of the body
Transverse
Running perpendicular to the midline of the body
Oblique
Running at an angle to the midline of the body
Maximus
Largest in size
Minimus
Smallest in size
Longus
Longest in size
Brevis
Shortest in size
Biceps
2 origins
Triceps
3 origins
Quadriceps
4 origins
Deltoid
Triangular shape
Trapezius
Trapezoid shape
Serratus
Saw-toothed shape
Rhomboideus
Rhomboid/Diamond shape
Flexor
Muscle that decreases the angle of a joint
Extensor
Muscle that increases the angle of a joint
Abductor
Muscle that moves a bone away from the midline
Adductor
Muscle that moves a bone towards the midline of the body
Levator
Muscle that produces an upward movement
Depressor
Muscle that produces a downward movement
Supinator
Muscle that turns the palm upward
Pronator
Muscle that turns the palm downward
Sphinctor
Muscle that decreases the size of an opening
Tensor
Muscle that makes a body part more rigid
Rotator
Muscle that moves a bone around its axis