The Master said, 'He who exercises government by means of his virtue may be compared to the north polar star which keeps its place, while all the stars turn toward it' . . . 'If the people be led by laws, and uniformity be imposed on them by punishments, they will try to avoid punishment, but will have no sense of shame' . . . 'If they be led by virtue, and uniformity be provided for them by the rules of propriety, they will have the sense of shame, and moreover will become good' . . . 'When a prince's personal conduct is correct, his government is effective without the issuing of orders. If his personal conduct is not correct, he may issue orders, but they will not be followed.'"
The quotation above represents which philosopher's ideology on the proper way of ruling a state? (p. 184)
(what is the person's name?)