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Chapter 4 American History I
Terms in this set (21)
Name given the financial collapse in 1720 of the Company of the Indies, an investment scheme intended to finance the French colonization of Louisiana.
(1729) Rebellion staged by Natchez warriors and African slaves against French colonists in Mississippi, suppressed by the French and their Choctaw allies.
Tuscarora Native Americans retaliated for slaving raids and colonists' encroachment on their lands by attacking farms and towns in North Carolina. South Carolina troops joined Catawba, Yamasee, and Cherokee forces that killed or enslaved about 1,000 Tuscaroras and won the Tuscarora War.
Conflict between the South Carolina colonists and the Yamasees/Creek Native Americans. The colonists allied with the Cherokee and Chickasaw. This English-Indian alliance won the war. However 1 in 16 colonists were killed during this conflict in South Carolina.
Great Settlement of 1701
A pair of treaties between Iroquois and the French that stabilized relations between the two in the Great Lakes and Northeast parts of North America.
Queen Anne's War
(1702-1713) Fought between the British and French for control of North American colonies, simultaneous with a war in Europe over the Spanish monarchy.
Samuel Sewall and John Saffin
Judge Sewall and merchant Saffin debated the salve trade as the 18th century dawned. Sewall called the save trade immoral while Saffin argued in favor of slavery.
(1685) Slave code mandated by imperial France governing the rights and treatment of African slaves in their colonial territories from the French West Indies to Louisiana.
The freeing of slaves by their owners
Act of Union
(1707) Parliamentary acts that created the United Kingdom by merging the kingdoms and parliaments of England and Scotland.
Linen Act of 1705
British parliamentary act that encouraged the export of Irish linen to North America. In turn, the act increased the demand in Northern Ireland for colonial flaxseed, the source of linen.
New England minister who declared Presbyterian newcomers had "most indecently and ungratefully given much disturbance to the peace of our churches."
Transportation Act of 1718
British parliamentary act that mandated the exile of convicted criminals to North America, mostly those who had committed property crimes such as theft.
A Protestant religious movement that linked North America, Britain, the Netherlands, and central Europe. Pietists promoted the personal piety of believers and the evangelization of all, including American Indians and enslaved Africans.
Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts
(SPG) Anglican reform organization founded in 1701 for sending missionaries to North America and the West Indies.
Board of Trade
(1696) An advisory council created by King William III of England that was charged to oversee colonial matters. The act testified to the colonies' growing significance to England's economy.
One of a series of English regulations and taxes on colonial trade dating from 1650 to 1775.
Colonial courts established by the English Board of Trade to enforce the Navigation Act of 1696.
Name given to the practice of colonists to defy or ignore British laws that they found onerous, often with the complicity of those charged to enforce them.
East Indian Company (EIC)
Monopoly trading company of English merchants chartered in 1600 to trade in Asia and India. Influential in global British imperial policy into the 19th century.
Pre-industrialization period associated with 18th-century British North America during which there was a diversification of labor, development of a market-oriented society, and a labor shift from services to marketable goods.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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