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Adv. World History Exam 1st Sem Review

Exam study World History Chapter 1- 10
STUDY
PLAY
Church of England
Church of EnglandHenry VIII of England formed this in order to granted a divorce
Pizarro
Conquered Peru, Ecuador, Chile for Spain
Magna Carta
Document that limited the power of the king
Friars
Christian clergy who traveled and preached the Gospel
Canon Law
Laws of the Catholic Church
Capitalism
Economic System that encourages private ownership of business
Wheat and grapes
Europeans brought this to the Americas on the Columbian Exchange
Reconquista-1492
After this was completed, Spain launched a crusade against Jews + Muslims
Leonardo de Vinci
"Renaissance Man"; Scientist, Engineer, also a painter
Renaissance
Rebirth of learning about art + science
Line of Demarcation
agreement between Spain + Portugal regarding trade and exploration
Strengthen ties with Middle Class
method used by Monarchs in the High Middle Ages to gain power
Vasco da Gamma
Made voyage to Calicut- Vast trading empire for Spain
Sparta
Militaristic city- State of Greece
God, Glory, Gold
Motivated young explores to travel to the New World
Chivalry
Code of Behavior for knights
Sidhartha Guatama
Enlightened One; rejected the caste system of India
1st leg of Triangle trade
Trade route from Europe to Africa
A legacy of the Crusades
Hatred of Muslims + Christians
Summa Theologies
Thomas Aquinas concluded there is no conflict between faith and reason
John Calvin
Taught Predestination Geneva, Switzerland became a model of Protestant morality
Truce of God
Required the end of fighting between friday + Sunday. (Ok to kill eachother Mon-Thurs, just not on weekends!)
English Common Law
This applied to all of England-equally among all classes
Johannes Kepler
His calculations showed the planets revolved around the sun in an oval orbit
Goal of Crusades
Recover Holy Lands
Catholic Reformation
This is when the Catholic Church made penalties for corrupt clergy
René Descartes
believed the best road to understanding came through logic + reasoning
Squire
trained to be a knight
Karma
Sum total of all good + bad deeds
Bartholomeu Dias
rounded the Southern tip of Africa
Alexander the Great
Spread Hellenistic Culture
Humanist Scholars
Group of writers, artists, and thinkers who celebrated individual achievement