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62 terms

English STAAR Review

Key terms for English I and II STAAR- Chandler, Maxwell, Ankomah, Hickmon
STUDY
PLAY
narrative
The telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events.
dialogue
a conversation between two persons
setting
when and where the story takes place
narrator
in a narrative, the person telling the story
protagonist
the main character in a literary work
antagonist
A character or force in conflict with the main character
conflict
a struggle between two opposing forces
inference
a logical guess based on evidence or reasoning
theme
the universal message of a story
point of view
the perspective from which the story is told
first person
a character narrates the story with I-me-my-mine in his or her speech
third-person omniscient
writer is not in the story but knows and decribes all the character's thoughts and ideas
third-person limited
The narrator is an outsider who sees into the mind of one of the characters.
dramatic irony
occurs when another character(s) and/or the audience know more than one or more characters on stage about what is happening
symbolism
the practice of using a person, thing, or object to represent something else
tone
The writer's or speaker's attitude toward the subject of a story, toward a character, or toward the audience (the readers).
mood
the overall feeling of a story
figurative language
language that uses words or expressions with a meaning that is different from the literal interpretation
simile
a sentence that compares two unlike things using "like" or "as"
metaphor
a comparison of two unlike things without using "like" or "as"
personification
giving human traits to non-living things
hyperbole
an extreme exaggeration
foreshadowing
when an author mentions or hints at something that will happen later in the story
flashback
when an author refers back to something that already took place in the story
audience
who the author is trying to persuade
argument
a reasoned defense of a position or claim
claim
what the author believes or wants to prove to his or her audience
evidence
facts, reasons, data, or opinions to support a claim
counterargument
an argument that opposes your claim
repetition
the repeated use of the same word or phrase, usually for emphasis
parallelism
repeated use of the same sentence structure, usually to show two topics are of equal importance
allusion
a reference to a well-known person, place, or event
analogy
a point by point comparison of two subjects
emotional appeal
an argument that appeals to the reader's emotions
logical appeal
an argument that makes sense, appeals to what you know is right or smart
expert opinion
an opinion made by an expert on the topic
facts and figures
numbers, tables, and graphs are used to support a claim
aside
an actor turns and speaks directly to the audience
soliloquy
a long speech in which a character speaks at length to only himself or herself
monologue
a long speech in which one character speaks at length to another character
character foil
a character that has traits that are exactly the opposite of the protagonist's
stage directions
included in the scripts, tells actors exactly what to do and how to do it
chronological order
presents information in sequence or in the order in which it happens
cause and effect
shows what happens and why it happens
compare and contrast
shows similarities and differences between two or more things
problem and solution
presents a problem and its solution(s)
order of importance
starts with the most important point and ends with the least or vice versa
rhyme
the repetition of similar sounds
alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
imagery
Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)
thesis
the main idea of an essay to be proved/explained (subject + two opinions)
melodramatic
overly emotional or sentimental
melancholy
sad, depressed
optimistic
expecting the best
pessimistic
seeing the worst side of things; no hope
sarcastic
ridicule by saying the opposite of what the speaker means
critical
marked by a tendency to find and call attention to errors and flaws
cynical
believing the worst of human nature and motives
autobiography
story of a person's life written by that person
biography
story of a person's life written by another person
memoir
an account of the author's personal experiences
nostalgic
wishing for a return to the way things used to be; longing for the past