64 terms

Photography Final

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Color
Light reflected off an object
Space
The area between and around objects
Shape
A closed line
Form
A three-dimensional shape, expressing length, width and depth
Line
A mark with greater length than width
Value
The lightness and darkness of the surface of an object
Texture
The surface quality of an object
Movement
Path the viewer's eye takes looking at a work
Emphasis
The part that catches the viewer's attention
Balance
The distribution of visual weight
Unity
The feeling of harmony
Rhythm
Created when one or more elements are used to create a feeling of movement
Pattern
Repeating of an object or symbol
Variety
The use of several elements of design
Repetition
Works with patterns to make artwork seem active
Rule of Thirds
A powerful compositional technique for making photos more interesting and dynamic.
Forced Perspective
A technique which employs optical illusion to make an object appear farther away, closer, larger or smaller than it actually is.
Juxtaposition
The act of placing things close together or side by side.
Gestalt
A total mental and whole picture
Horizon line
The same as eye level
Foreground
The space nearest to the viewer
Motion Blur
The apparent streaking of rapidly moving objects in a photo.
Composition
Refers to the arrangement of the various subjects or objects within the borders of an image
Exposure
The amount of light per unit area reaching a photographic film or electronic image sensor, as determined by shutter speed, lens aperture and scene luminance.
Two-Dimensional
Artwork that is flat (height and width)
Background
The area that appears farthest from you
Point of View
The angle from which the viewer sees an object.
Art Criticism
An approach to the observation and evaluation of art using description, analysis, interpretation and judgment
Proportion
Feeling of unity when all parts relate well with eachother
Color Wheel
A circle with different colored sectors used to show relationships between colors.
Blowout
The problem that occurs when there is too much light in the image resulting in the loss of detail
Motif
A recurrent thematic element, recurring form, shape, or figure in an artwork
Opacity
The opaqueness of a layer or brush in Photoshop which can be lowered to make the layer or brush more transparent
Negative space
The space around an object
Pixilation
The distortion that occurs when a small image is made much larger
Vignette
A reduction of an image's brightness or saturation at the periphery compared to the image center.
Aestetics
The study of the beauty in art
Mixed media
A technique involving the use of 2 or more artistic media
Airbrushing
The alteration of an image in order to conceal perceived flaws
High-contrast
The effect when there are strong lights and darks in a photo.
Highlight
A bright or reflective area in a painting, picture, or design.
High-Angle Portrait
Taking a subject's portrait at an angle from above their eye level in order to slim the jaw and create a "feminine" look
Low-Angle Portrait
Taking a subject's portrait at an angle from below their eye level in order to widen the jaw and create a "masculine" look
White Balance
The removal of unrealistic color casts so that areas that are white in reality appear white in one's photo
Renaissance (1300-1603)
Plague, Jan Van Eyck, First clear description of the camera obscura, Botticelli
Baroque (1600-1715)
Gentileschi, Great London Fire, Peter Paul Rubens, photography not yet invented besides camera obscura.
Realism (1840-1870)
Civil War, Thomas Eakins, Mathew Brady, Daguerreotype.
Impressionism (1860-1892)
Edgar Degas, Mary Cassatt, Basketball invented, Gelatin dry plates introduced.
Cubism (1907-1922)
Model T, WWI, Picasso
Surrealism (1924-1966)
Salvador Dali, Dust Bowl, Dorothea Lange's Migrant Mother, Black Tuesday Stock Market Crash.
Abstract Expressionism (1943-1965)
WWII, Jackson Pollack, Instant Color Film, Civil Rights Movement.
Pop Art (1950-1970)
Lava Lamps, Richard Avedon, Andy Warhol, David Hockney.
Appropriation
Borrowing imagery from historical and mass media sources.
Layering
Overlapping and overlaying a multiplicity of images
Hybridity
Using a multiplicity of media and/or a blending of cultural sources in order to investigate a subject.
Representing
Creating imagery that proclaim one's identity and affiliations
Gazing
Controlling or drawing attention to how and why familiar imagery is seen and used
Recontextualization
Positioning familiar imagery in relation to pictures, symbols, or texts that it is not usually associate with
Interaction of text and image
Creating meaning through the combined interplay, Combined they create a stronger meaning
Genre
A means of categorizing works of art based on style, form, and subject matter.
Analysis
"How is the work organized?" is what part of art critique?
Interpretation
"What is the artist saying?" is what part of art critique?
Judgement
"Is this a successful piece of art?" is what part of art critique?
Visual Thinking Strategies
What does VTS stand for?