52 terms

Art Explorations Final

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Color
Light reflected off an object
Space
The area between and around objects
Shape
A closed line
Form
A three-dimensional shape, expressing length, width and depth
Line
A mark with greater length than width
Value
The lightness and darkness of the surface of an object
Texture
The surface quality of an object
Movement
Path the viewer's eye takes looking at a work
Emphasis
The part that catches the viewer's attention
Balance
The distribution of visual weight
Unity
The feeling of harmony
Rhythm
Created when one or more elements are used to create a feeling of movement
Pattern
Repeating of an object or symbol
Variety
The use of several elements of design
Repetition
Works with patterns to make artwork seem active
Kneaded
Soft flexible eraser that is used for removing small bits of charcoal or used for lightening areas
Still life
Drawing objects from observation
Juxtaposition
The act of placing things close together or side by side.
Gestalt
A total mental and whole picture
Horizon line
The same as eye level
Foreground
The space nearest to the viewer
Contour
The outline drawing of an object
Sketch
A quick drawing that loosely captures the object
Composition
Refers to the arrangement of the various facets of a drawing subject within the borders of a drawing space.
Two-Dimensional
Artwork that is flat (height and width)
Background
The area that appears farthest from you
Point of View
The angle from which the viewer sees an object.
Art Criticism
An approach to the observation and evaluation of art using description, analysis, interpretation and judgment
Depth
The apparent distance near to far or front to back in an artwork.
Color Wheel
A circle with different colored sectors used to show relationships between colors.
Crosshatching
A shading technique in which one set of lines crosses over (overlaps) another set.
Motif
A recurrent thematic element, recurring form, shape, or figure in an artwork
Fixative spray
This material is used to seal your charcoal or pastel drawing.
Negative space
The space around an object
Sighting
A strategy for measurement in drawing
In the middle of the face (portraiture)
Where the eyes are placed when drawing portraits
Aestetics
The study of the beauty in art
Mixed media
A technique involving the use of 2 or more artistic media
Mark making
A way to define drawing
Chiaroscuro
An effect of contrasted light and shadow created by light falling unevenly or from a particular direction on something
Highlight
A bright or reflective area in a painting, picture, or design.
Scumbling
Modify (a drawing) with light shading in pencil or charcoal to give a softer effect.
Blind contour
The outline drawing of an object without looking
Trompe l'oeil
Visual illusion in art, especially as used to trick the eye into perceiving a painted detail as a three-dimensional object
Renaissance (1300-1603)
Plague, Jan Van Eyck, Durer, Botticelli
Baroque (1600-1715)
Gentileschi, Great London Fire, Peter Paul Rubens, El Greco.
Realism (1840-1870)
Civil War, Thomas Eakins, James Whistler, John Singer Sargent
Impressionism (1860-1892)
Edgar Degas, Mary Cassatt, Basketball invented, Claude Monet.
Cubism (1907-1922)
Model T, WWI, Picasso
Surrealism (1924-1966)
Salvador Dali, Dust Bowl, Max Ernst, Chocolate chip cookies.
Abstract Expressionism (1943-1965)
Jackson Pollack, Willem de Kooning, Franz Kline, Civil Rights Movement.
Pop Art (1950-1970)
Lava Lamps, Claes Oldenbury, Andy Warhol, David Hockney.