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Persuasion and Argument Vocab
Terms in this set (18)
when the author turns against his/her argument to challenge it and then turns back to reaffirm it. It is an objection to the objection used to strengthen the author's position.
a statement in support of a particular truth, fact, or claim. It usually is an endorsement from a well-known person or satisfied customer.
an argument that is false and not sound, but may still be convincing.
depends upon faulty logic; a mistake in reasoning (e.g., Because everything is bigger in Texas, you can expect a bigger salary in Texas.)
prejudice or preference for one particular point of view
an opinion or declaration stated with conviction
words with strongly positive or negative connotations to stir people's emotions (ex: The alley is dark and dangerous. Residents deserve to feel safe and protected.)
a distortion of characteristics or defects of a person or thing, either in a picture or in words
a question worded to suggest the desired response (ex: What do you think of the horrible effects of the new school rule?)
flawed ideas that emerge when a reader pieces information together solely by inference and fails to consider other possible interpretations
a faulty idea that is used as the foundation of an argument
central argument structure
the organizational pattern an author chooses to present an argument in their text (ex: cause/effect, authority, repetition, compare/contrast, examples/anecdotes, statistics, humor, etc.)
information that supports a certain cause
the repetition of similar words, phrases, sentences or grammatical structure to show that ideas are related or equally important or to help stress a phrase or idea
questions that do not require a reply that are used to prompt the reader to think about an issue or to suggest that the answer is obvious
statements that can be proved by observation, an expert, or other reliable sources; must be backed up by evidence (ex: Students who clean their own school are less likely to litter or vandalize school property.)
statements of personal belief, feeling, or thought which do not require proof (ex: It's wrong to make students clean the school.)
statements that many people assume to be true but are not necessarily so. Generalizations about life or human nature. (ex: One bad apple can spoil the bunch.)
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