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Snyder people of units 1-9

Johannes Gutenburg

movable type printing press

john harrison


prince henry the navigator

Portuguese navigator who started a navigation school

bartholomeu diaz

discovers cape of good hope, but does not continue to india

vasco de gama

goes to india around the cape of good hope

christopher columbus

discovers the new world but thinks he is in India

Amerigo Vespucci

America is named after this man

Hernan Cortes

conquers aztecs at tenochtilan

ferdinand magellan

first to circumnavigate the world

francisco pizarro

conquers incas for spain

desidarius erasmus

wrote The Praise of Folly

Thomas More

wrote Utopia

Johan Tetzel

sold indulgences

Martin Luther

wrote 95 theses; banished by the church through the Diet of Worms; "unwitting revolutionary"

Huldrych Zwingli

reformist from Switzerland

John Calvin

Swiss reformist who believed in pre-destination

King Henry VIII

Starts the Anglican Church

Nicolaus Copernicus

Heliocentric Model

Tycho Brahe

defended Copernicus' model secretly

Johannes Kepler

Brahe's assistant

Galileo Galilei

improves on the telescope; proves the heliocentric model; forced to denounce his finding

Francis Bacon

scientific method

rene descartes

"I think therefore I am"

Isaac Newton

3 laws of motion; invented calculus

Queen Isabella

unite catholic lands in spain

Henry IV

created Edict of Nantes

Louis XIII

takes the throne when he was 8 years old

George III

salutary neglect in American colonies

Cardinal Richelieu

took power of france for Louis XIII

Louis XIV

absolutist ruler of France who builds Versailles

Thomas Hobbes

wrote Leviathan; "the life of man, solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short"

John Locke

wrote The Two Treatises of Government

Denis Diderot

compiled The Encyclopedia

Baron de Montesquieu

wrote The Spirit of Laws


"I may disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it"

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

wrote The Social Contract

Adam Smith

wrote The Wealth of Nations

Olympe de Gouges

Declaration of Women

Marie Antoinette

"Let them eat cake"

Maximillien Robespierre

Reign of Terror

Napoleon Bonaparte

takes power of France through a coup d'etat; starts revolution

Klemens von Metternich

had most influence in the Congress of Vienna; Prussian

Toussaint L'Overture

led slave revolt in Haiti

Agustin de Iturbid

overthrows spanish in Mexico

Simon Bolivar

"The Liberator"

Jose de San Martin

liberates Argentina, Chile, and Peru

Charles X

absolute ruler of France; overthrown through revolution

Louis Philippe

"The Citizen King"

Louis Kossuth

led slave revolt in Hungary


"Necessity is the mother of all invention"

Charles Townshend

popularized the four-field crop rotation system

Jethro Tull

seed drill

Eli Whitney

cotton gin

Cyrus McCormick

McCormick Reaper

John Deere

steel plow

Joseph Glidden

barbed wire

Von Thunen

agricultural model based on rent-cost in relation to distance from the market

Norman Borlaug

"Father of Green Revolution"

James Watt

steam governer

Henry Bessemer

Bessemer Process to remove impurities from iron

Robert Fulton


George Stephensen


Samuel Morse


Adam Smith

law of supply and demand

Thomas Malthus

food production increases arithmetically, population increases geometrically

David Ricardo

Iron Law of wages: "as population grows, wages remain low"

Jeremy Bentham

"Greatest good for greatest number of people"

John Stuart Mill

"All human beings have an equal need of a voice"

Count Henri de Saint-Simon

"industrialization and science will bring a new age"

Robert Owen

pushed for labor reforms; started model village of New Lanark

Karl Marx

wrote The Communist Manifesto

Allesandro Volta


Alexander Graham Bell


Thomas Edison

light bulb; phonograph; kinetiscope

guglielmo marconi


wilbur and orville wright

powered flight

henry ford


Louis Pasteur

Germ Theory; anthrax and rabies vaccine

Joseph Lister


Edward Jenner

smallpox vaccine

Charles Darwin

natural selection

Herbert Spencer

"Survival of the fittest"

Gregor Mendel

studied inheritance of traits

Francis Galton

father of Eugenics

Ester Boserup

rate of food production will speed up to meet rising population

Gideon Sjoberg

"societies should be viewed by their accomplishments"

Ernest Burgess

concentric zone model

Homer Hoyt

sector model

Chauncy Harris

multiple nuclei model

edward ullman

helped chauncy harris with the multiple nuclei model

Otto von Bismarck

Chancellor; Realpolitik; Kulturkampf; "Blood and Iron"

Kaiser William II

called Otto von Bismarck the Iron Chancellor

Count Cavour

prime minister of Sardinia; evicted Austria from Italy

Giuseppe Garibaldi

leader of the Red Shirts; liberates southern Italy

Victor Emmanuel II

elected leader of Italy

Alexander II

freed the Serfs with the Emancipation Edict

Nicholas II

October Manifesto

Rutyard Kipling

"White man's burden"

Cecil Rhodes

British man who started European imperialism in Africa

King Leopold II

claimed the Congo for Belgium

Menelik II

Ethipian freedom fighter

Tokugawa Ieyasu

names himself shogun of japan; started the Great Peace; outlawed Christianity

Commodore Matthew Perry

American naval officer who convinced Japan to end isolation

Emperor Meiji

westernizes Japan

Alfred Weber

Least Cost Theory

Harold Hotteling

Hotteling Beach Model

August Losch

Zone of Profitability


Ullman's conceptual frame

Archduke Ferdinand

Austrian heir; assassinated at Sarajevo

Gavrilo Princip

assassinates Archduke Ferdinand


confided with Czarina Alexandra before February Revolution

V.I. Lenin

Led Bolsheviks in October Revolution

Woodrow Wilson

American president who declared war on the central powers

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