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113 terms

Modern World AP people units 1-9

Snyder people of units 1-9
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Johannes Gutenburg
movable type printing press
john harrison
chronemeter
prince henry the navigator
Portuguese navigator who started a navigation school
bartholomeu diaz
discovers cape of good hope, but does not continue to india
vasco de gama
goes to india around the cape of good hope
christopher columbus
discovers the new world but thinks he is in India
Amerigo Vespucci
America is named after this man
Hernan Cortes
conquers aztecs at tenochtilan
ferdinand magellan
first to circumnavigate the world
francisco pizarro
conquers incas for spain
desidarius erasmus
wrote The Praise of Folly
Thomas More
wrote Utopia
Johan Tetzel
sold indulgences
Martin Luther
wrote 95 theses; banished by the church through the Diet of Worms; "unwitting revolutionary"
Huldrych Zwingli
reformist from Switzerland
John Calvin
Swiss reformist who believed in pre-destination
King Henry VIII
Starts the Anglican Church
Nicolaus Copernicus
Heliocentric Model
Tycho Brahe
defended Copernicus' model secretly
Johannes Kepler
Brahe's assistant
Galileo Galilei
improves on the telescope; proves the heliocentric model; forced to denounce his finding
Francis Bacon
scientific method
rene descartes
"I think therefore I am"
Isaac Newton
3 laws of motion; invented calculus
Queen Isabella
unite catholic lands in spain
Henry IV
created Edict of Nantes
Louis XIII
takes the throne when he was 8 years old
George III
salutary neglect in American colonies
Cardinal Richelieu
took power of france for Louis XIII
Louis XIV
absolutist ruler of France who builds Versailles
Thomas Hobbes
wrote Leviathan; "the life of man, solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short"
John Locke
wrote The Two Treatises of Government
Denis Diderot
compiled The Encyclopedia
Baron de Montesquieu
wrote The Spirit of Laws
Voltaire
"I may disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it"
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
wrote The Social Contract
Adam Smith
wrote The Wealth of Nations
Olympe de Gouges
Declaration of Women
Marie Antoinette
"Let them eat cake"
Maximillien Robespierre
Reign of Terror
Napoleon Bonaparte
takes power of France through a coup d'etat; starts revolution
Klemens von Metternich
had most influence in the Congress of Vienna; Prussian
Toussaint L'Overture
led slave revolt in Haiti
Agustin de Iturbid
overthrows spanish in Mexico
Simon Bolivar
"The Liberator"
Jose de San Martin
liberates Argentina, Chile, and Peru
Charles X
absolute ruler of France; overthrown through revolution
Louis Philippe
"The Citizen King"
Louis Kossuth
led slave revolt in Hungary
Plato
"Necessity is the mother of all invention"
Charles Townshend
popularized the four-field crop rotation system
Jethro Tull
seed drill
Eli Whitney
cotton gin
Cyrus McCormick
McCormick Reaper
John Deere
steel plow
Joseph Glidden
barbed wire
Von Thunen
agricultural model based on rent-cost in relation to distance from the market
Norman Borlaug
"Father of Green Revolution"
James Watt
steam governer
Henry Bessemer
Bessemer Process to remove impurities from iron
Robert Fulton
steamboat
George Stephensen
locomotive
Samuel Morse
telegraph
Adam Smith
law of supply and demand
Thomas Malthus
food production increases arithmetically, population increases geometrically
David Ricardo
Iron Law of wages: "as population grows, wages remain low"
Jeremy Bentham
"Greatest good for greatest number of people"
John Stuart Mill
"All human beings have an equal need of a voice"
Count Henri de Saint-Simon
"industrialization and science will bring a new age"
Robert Owen
pushed for labor reforms; started model village of New Lanark
Karl Marx
wrote The Communist Manifesto
Allesandro Volta
battery
Alexander Graham Bell
telephone
Thomas Edison
light bulb; phonograph; kinetiscope
guglielmo marconi
radio
wilbur and orville wright
powered flight
henry ford
automobile
Louis Pasteur
Germ Theory; anthrax and rabies vaccine
Joseph Lister
antiseptics
Edward Jenner
smallpox vaccine
Charles Darwin
natural selection
Herbert Spencer
"Survival of the fittest"
Gregor Mendel
studied inheritance of traits
Francis Galton
father of Eugenics
Ester Boserup
rate of food production will speed up to meet rising population
Gideon Sjoberg
"societies should be viewed by their accomplishments"
Ernest Burgess
concentric zone model
Homer Hoyt
sector model
Chauncy Harris
multiple nuclei model
edward ullman
helped chauncy harris with the multiple nuclei model
Otto von Bismarck
Chancellor; Realpolitik; Kulturkampf; "Blood and Iron"
Kaiser William II
called Otto von Bismarck the Iron Chancellor
Count Cavour
prime minister of Sardinia; evicted Austria from Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi
leader of the Red Shirts; liberates southern Italy
Victor Emmanuel II
elected leader of Italy
Alexander II
freed the Serfs with the Emancipation Edict
Nicholas II
October Manifesto
Rutyard Kipling
"White man's burden"
Cecil Rhodes
British man who started European imperialism in Africa
King Leopold II
claimed the Congo for Belgium
Menelik II
Ethipian freedom fighter
Tokugawa Ieyasu
names himself shogun of japan; started the Great Peace; outlawed Christianity
Commodore Matthew Perry
American naval officer who convinced Japan to end isolation
Emperor Meiji
westernizes Japan
Alfred Weber
Least Cost Theory
Harold Hotteling
Hotteling Beach Model
August Losch
Zone of Profitability
Ullman
Ullman's conceptual frame
Archduke Ferdinand
Austrian heir; assassinated at Sarajevo
Gavrilo Princip
assassinates Archduke Ferdinand
Rasputin
confided with Czarina Alexandra before February Revolution
V.I. Lenin
Led Bolsheviks in October Revolution
Woodrow Wilson
American president who declared war on the central powers