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65 terms

Milady's Standard Cosmetology Chapter 6: General Anatomy and Physiology

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cell
The basic unit of all living things is the:
nucleus
The dense active protoplasm found in the center of the cell is:
daughter cells
Human cells reproduce by mitiosis, dividing into two identical cells called:
cytoplasm
The _____________ is the protoplasm of a cell except for the protoplasm in the nucleus.
metabolism
The chemical process through which cells are nourished and carry out their activities is called:
anabolism
The constructive phase of metabolism is called:
muscle tissue
Which type of tissue contracts and moves various part of the body?
epithelial tissue
Which type of tissue lines the heart and digestive and respiratory organs?
joint
The connection between two or more bones is called a:
tibia
The ______ is the larger of the two bones that form the leg befow the knee.
cranium
The oval, bony case that protects the brain is the:
upper jaw
The maxillae cones form the:
parietal bones
The two bones that form the sides and crown (top) of the cranium are the:
ulna
The inner and larger bone in the forearm, attached to the wrist, and located on the side of the little finger is the:
26
The foot is made up of ___ bones.
trapezuis muscles
Which muscles are also known as the smooth muscles?
origin
Part of the muscle that does not move is the:
occipital
The broad muscle that covers the top of the head is the:
extensors
The __________ are the muscles that straighten the wrist, hand, and fingers to form a straight line.
adductors
The muscles at the base of the fingers that draw the fingers together are the:
peripheral nervous system
The system of nerves that carries impulses or messages to and from the central nervous system is called the:
receptors
Sensory nerve endings called ________ are located close to the surface of the skin.
aorta
The largest artery in the human body is the:
ulnar and radial ateries
The main blood supply of the arms and hands are the:
anterior tibial and posterior tibial arteries
The popliteal artery supplies blood to the foot and divides into two separate arteries known as:
procerus
The _________ is the primary nasal muscle of concern to cosmetologists.
lower lip and chin
The mental nerve affects the skin of the:
fifth cranial nerve
The ____________________ is the chief motor nerve of the face.
back
The greater occipital nerve is located at the ______ of the head and affects the scalp as far up as the top of the head.
arm and hand
The median nerve supplies impulses to the:
front of the leg
The deep peroneal nerve supplies impulses to the:
only one direction
Valves are structures that temporarily close a passage or permit blood flow in:
right atrium
Deoxygenated blood flows from the body into the:
leukocytes
White blood cells are also known as:
equalizing
Blood plays a role in __________ the body's temperature.
infraorbital artery
The _______________ supplies blood to the muscles of the eye.
lymphatic system
The _______________ drains the tissue spaces of excess interstitial fluid.
pancreas
The __________ is a gland of the endocrine system that secretes enzyme-producing cells that are responsible for digesting carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.
adrenal
The ______ glands secrete about 30 steriod hormones and control metabolic processes of the body, including the fight-or-flight response.
enzymes
Digestive _________ are chemicals that charge certain types of food into a soluable form that can be used by the body.
brain
The organ that controls the body is the:
eyes
The organs that controls the body's vision are the:
blood
The heart is the organ that circulates the body's:
kidneys
The organs that excretes water and waste products are the:
oxygen
The lungs supply _______ to the blood.
liver
The _____ is the organ that removes waste created by digestion.
skin
The ______ covers the body and is the exteral protective coating.
intestines and stomach
The ___________________ are the organs that digest food.
circulatory
The _____________ system controls the steady movement of the blood through the body.
digestive
The ___________ system changes food into nutrients and wastes.
endocrine
The ____________ system affects the growth, development, sexual functions, and health of the entire body.
excretory
The __________ system purifies the body by elimination of waste matter.
integumentary
The ______________ system serves as a protective coating and helps regulate the body's temperature.
lymphanic
The ___________ system protects the body from disease by developing immunities and destroying disease-causing toxins and bacteria.
muscular
The __________ system covers, shapes and supports the skeleton tissue.
nervous
The _________ system controls and coordinates all other systems inside and out of the body and makes them work harmoniously and efficiently.
reproductive
The ___________ system controls the processes by which plants and animals reproduce offspring.
respiratory
The ___________ system enables breathing, supplying the body with oxygen and eliminating carbon dioxide as a waste product.
skeletal
The __________ system forms the physical foundation of the body.
anatomy
The study of the human body structures that can be seen with the naked eye and how the body parts are organized is:
body's structures
Physiology is the study of the functions and activities performed by the:
microscopic anatomy
The study of tiny structures found in living tissues is known as histology or:
nervous system
Neurology is the study of the structure, function, and pathology of the:
myology
The study of the nature, structure, function, and diseases of the muscles is:
bones
Osteology is the study of the anatomy, structure, and function of the: