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English Midterm Vocab Compilation
Terms in this set (80)
v. to accept without protest; to agree or submit
ac = to/toward; quiesce = rest
n. fight or dispute
alter = other; cari = difference
adj. unselfish regard for the welfare of others
alter = other; -ism = action or process
adj. lasting only a short time, fleeting
ex = out; pheme = day; -al = characterized by
n. an inscription on a tombstone; a brief comment about a deceased person
epi = on/upon; taph = tomb
n. a summary, condensed account; an instance that represents a larger reality
epi = on/upon; tom = to cut
adj. referring to the name of a person, a mythical being, or a literary figure associated with something, or to a word incorporating the name of such a person
epi = on/upon; nym = name; -ous = possessing/full of/characterized by
adj. slightly ill; disinclined to do something
in = not; dis = apart; pos = put/place
n. n irresistible force that crushes everything in its path
Background: Altered from Jaggernaut, a title of Hindi god Krishna that literally meant "lord of the world".
v. place side by side (either physically or in a metaphorical way, such as to make a comparison)
juxta = close by; pos = put/place
n. a word humorously misused
Background: Mrs. Malaprop in Sheridan's play "The Rivals" noted for her humorous misuse of large words.
n. obedient and unquestioning follower
Origin: Greek Myth
Background: A member of the war-like Thessalonian people led by Achilles at the siege of Troy.
n. excessive self love
Background: From Greek Narkissos, name of a beautiful youth in mythology who fell in love with his own reflection in a spring and was turned to the flower narcissus.
n. a long, adventurous voyage; a quest
Background: Homer's epic poem told the story of odysseus's ten-year journey.
adj. closeness; proximity
pro = forward/forth; pinqu = near; -ity = state or condition
n. a pen name, name assumed by a writer
pseudo = false; nym = name
adj. inactive, at rest
quiese = rest; -ent = state or condition
n. reestablishing a cordial relationship
rap = again; proche = near; -ment = action or process
n. a song or religious service for the dead or lost
re = again; quiem = rest
adj. not reciprocated or returned in kind
un = not; re = again; quit = release or discharge
n. an object of intense dislike; a curse or strong denunciation
ana = against; thema (tithenai) = theme
n. the direct opposite, a sharp contrast
anti = opposite; thesis (tithenai) = subject
n. an adjective or descriptive phrase expressing a quality characteristic of the person or thing mentioned.
epi = upon, near; thet (tithenai) = theme
n. a lack of government and law; confusion
an = against, without; arch = chief or ruler; -y = characterized by
n. a form of government in which all power is vested in a few persons or in a dominant class or clique; government by the few.
olig = small/little; arch = chief or ruler; -y = characterized by
adj. living together in a herd or group; sociable, seeking the company of others
greg = group, flock; -ious = full of, characterized by
n. a large group or collection of people, animals, or things.
ag(d) = to, toward; greg = group, flock; -ation = the act of doing something
adj. extraordinarily or conspicuously bad; glaring
e(x) = out; greg = group, flock; -ious = full of, characterized by
adj. making a certain situation or outcome likely or possible
con = with; duc = lead; -ive = experessing tendency, function, connection
v. to cause, bring about; to persuade
in = in, into; duc = lead
v. to slander someone's reputation
tra(ns) = across; duc = lead
n. an isolated work forming a complete enclosure of any form, used to defend a prominent point
re = again; doubt (duc) = lead
adj. heavy; bulky and unwieldy; dull, labored
ponder = weight; -ous = full of
adj. impossible to estimate, fathom or figure out
im = not; ponder = weight; -able = ability
adj. superior in number, force, power, or importance.
pre = before; ponder = weight; -ant = kind of agent or indication
adj. governed by opportunity, not principled
Background: Niccolo Machiavelli; Florentine statesman and author of "Del Principe," a work advising rulers to place advantage above morality.
n. a bird of Egyptian mythology that periodically burned itself up and then reemerged from the ashes; a person or thing of unmatched quality
Background: A mythical bird of Arabia which flew to Egypt every 500 years to be reborn.
adj. showing luminous colors that seem to change when seen from different angles
Background: Iris was the goddess of the rainbow along which she travelled to earth as a messenger of the gods
adj. coming into being again; showing renewed growth or vigor
Background: The Renaissance was the activity, spirit, or time of the great revival of art, literature, and learning in Europe beginning in the 14th century and extending to the 17th century, marking the transition from the medieval to the modern world.
adj. of enormous size, strength, power, or scope
Background: from Latin Titan, from Greek Titan, member of a mythological race of giants who attempted to scale heaven by piling Mount Pelion on Mount Ossa but were overthrown by Zeus and the gods.
n. domination, authority; influence by one country over others socially, culturally, economically, etc.
hegemon = leader; -y characterized by
n. explanation, especially of biblical passage
ex = out; ege = to guide
The announcement by the angel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary that God wanted her to be the Mother of the Savior, Jesus Christ; the act of declaration or proclamation
an(d) = to, toward; nunci = speak, to declare; -ation = the act of doing something
n. the act of turning away from, rejecting or denying
re = again; nunci = speak, to declare; -ation = the act of doing something
n. monarch or ruler with great power
potent = powerful, mighty; -ate = characterized by
adj. mighty; powerful; forceful
puiss = strong; -ant = kind of agent, indication
n. a violent upheaval that causes great destruction and change
cata = down, against; clysm = to wash
v. to launch
n. a device for hurling objects, a slingshot
cata = down, against; pult = to toss, hurl
n. the appearance of being true or real
veri = true; simili = like, similar; -ude = indicating state or condition
n. the quality of being true; something true
ver = true; -ity = state or condition
v. to affirm, declare confidently
a(d) = to, toward; ver = truth
adj. seeking or tending to acquire; greedy
ac(d) = to, toward; quis = seek, ask; -tive = having the quality of
n. an official investigation, especially one of a political or religious nature, characterized by lack of regard for individual rights, prejudice on the part of the examiners, and recklessly cruel punishments.
in = into, on, near; quis = seek, ask; -ition = condition or action
adj. inclined to complain; irritable
quer = to complain; -ous = having the quality of
v. to lower in character, quality, or value; to degrade, adulterate; to cause to deteriorate
de = from, down, away; base = low
n. an actor or actress
adj. pertaining to tragedy or to the dramatic art in general
Background: From Greek Thespis, poet of 6c. B.C.E., the traditional father of Greek tragedy.
v. to wander aimlessly
Background: from Greek Maiandros, name of a river in Caria noted for its winding course (the Greeks used the name figuratively for winding patterns).
adj. indifferent to or unaffected by pleasure or pain; steadfast
Background: from Greek stoikos "pertaining to a member of or the teachings of the school founded by Zeno
adj. sumptuous; luxurious
Background: from Lucius Licinius (ˈluːsɪəs lɪˈsɪnɪəs). ?110-56 bc, Roman general and consul, famous for his luxurious banquets. He fought Mithradates VI (74-66)
n. a period of unrestrained revelry; named after the ancient Roman festival of Saturn, with general feasting in revelry in honor of the winter solstice.
Background: time of merrymaking, 1590s, from Latin Saturnalia, ancient Roman festivals of Saturn (held in December), a time of merrymaking for all
adj. alluring by a show of flashy or vulgar attractions
Based on pretense, deception, or insincerity
meretric = prostitute; -ious = having the qualities of, full of
adj. deserving praise, reward, esteem, praiseworthy.
merit = worth, praise; -ious = having the qualities of, full of
v. to beg persistently and urgently
im = into, towards; port = carry
n. a person who takes advantage of opportunity with no regard for principle.
op = toward, against, in the way; port = carry; -ist = a person who
n. assumed knowledge in advance of proof
pre = before; sump = take, use; -tion = state or quality
v. to include as part of a larger group
sub = under; sume = take, use
n. keen, quick, accurate insight or judgment
acu = sharp; -en = quality or state
adj. quickly perceptive; keen; brief and severe
acu = sharp
adj. leaving no opportunity for denial or refusal, positive or assertive in speech
per = through, intensive; empt = take, buy; -ory = relating to
v. to seize something by prior right
pre = before; empt = take, buy
n. the action of saving or being saved from sin, error, or evil.
re = again, empt = take, buy, -ion = consisting of
adj. pertaining to money
pecuni = property; -ary = relating to
adj. poor; having no money
im = not, pecuni = property; -ous = full of
n. bright object; celebrity; source of inspiration
lumen = light; -ary = of, relating to
n. the production of light without heat
lumen = light; -escence = state or process
n. spirit, soul, mind
Origin: Greek Myth
Background: A Hellenistic personification of the soul as female, or sometimes as a butterfly. The allegory of Psyche's love for Cupid is told in The Golden Ass by Apuleius.
n. safeguard, something to insure safety
Origin: Greek Myth
Background: Late Middle English (in the Greek sense): via Latin from Greek palladion, denoting an image of the goddess Pallas (Athene), on which the safety of Troy was believed to depend.
adj. requiring endless effort; without result or success
Origin: Greek Myth
Background: Sisyphus, a son of Aeolus and ruler of Corinth, noted for his trickery: he was punished in Tartarus by being compelled to roll a stone to the top of a slope, the stone always escaping him near the top and rolling down again.
n. crazy woman
Origin: Greek Myth
Background: (in ancient Greece) a female follower of Bacchus, traditionally associated with divine possession and frenzied rites.
n. success gained at too high a cost
Background: from Pyrrhus, king of Epirus, who defeated Roman armies at Asculum, 280 B.C.E., but at such cost to his own troops that he was unable to follow up and attack Rome itself, and is said to have remarked, "one more such victory and we are lost."
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