the chemical name for regular refined sugar or table sugar
a flavoring ingredient consisting of flavorful oils mixed with water with aid of vegetable gums or other substances
a substance made up of proteins present in wheat flour that gives structure and strength to baked goods
flour with a high protein content derived from hard wheat
flour with a low protein content from soft wheat
the process by which yeast changes carbohydrates to alcohol and and carbon dioxide gas
the primary sugar present in corn syrup
the rendered fat of hogs
the change in texture of baked goods due in part tot he loss of moisture by starch granules
a flavoring ingredient consisting of flavorful oils and other substances dissolved in alcohol
the product that results when cocoa beans are roasted and ground
the white or yellowish fat that is a component of chocolate liquor
the dry powder that remains aftrer the fat is removed from chocolate liquor
Dutch process cocoa
cocoa processed with alkali
the product that is made when sugar is added to chocolate liquor
the product that is made when sugar and milk solids are added to chocolate liquor
the production or incorporation of gases in a baked product to increase volume and to porduce shape and texture
any of a group of solid fats, usually white and tasteless that have been especially formulated for baking
the process of beating fat and sugar together to incorporate air
the process of whipping eggs with or without sugar to incorporate air
the finest or smoothest variety of confectioners' sugar
...a strong flour used for making breads, hard rolls and any product that require high gluten.
...a weak or low-gluten flour made from soft wheat. It has a soft, smooth texture and a pure white color; used for delicate baked goods
...lower in gluten than bread flour but igher than cake flour; creamy shite color; used fro cookies, pie pastry, biscuits, muffins.
whole wheat flour
...made by grinding the entire wheat kernel including the bran and germ;
...rye meal; made from the whole rye grain.
...rye flour and hard wheat flour mixture
...has good creaming ability; used in products mixed by the creaming method; used for flaky products such as pie crusts and biscuits
...soft shortenings that spread easily throughout a batter and quickly coat the particles of sugar and flour; gives a smoother and finer texture to cakes and makes them moister
...ground to a fine powder mixed with a small amount of starch to prevent caking; 6X
...compressed yeast; moist and perishable and is preferred by professional bakers
active dry yeast
...dry, granular form of yeast; rehydrated in 4 times its weight in water
instant dry yeast
...dry granular form of yeast but does not have to be dissolved in water; rapid-rise or quick-rise yeast
...releases gases produced by chemical reactions; baking soda, baking soda; baking ammonia
single- and double- acting
...single-acting baking powder require only moisture to release gas; double-acting baking powder require heat for complete reaction
...mixtures of baking soda plus an acid to react with it
the best bread flours
flour to which bran flakes have been added; may be coarse or fine
products that are not as finely ground as flour
used to thicken cream pies and other products that must hold their shape
does not break down when frozen; clear when cooked; makes a fine paste which has the same consistency hot and cold
precooked or pregelatinized so they thicken cold liquids without further cooking
concentrated sugar cane juice; retains moisture in baked goods and prolongs freshness
mostly sucrose plus other sugars, acids and impurities; contains varying amounts of molasses
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