zone of air, land, and water at the surface of the Earth in which living organisms are found
weak bond that arises between a slightly positive Hydrogen Atom of one molecule and a slightly negative atom of another molecule or between parts of the same molecule
type of molecule that interacts with Water by dissolving in Water and/or forming Hydrogen Bonds with Water Molecules
breaking up of fat globules into smaller droplets by the action of bile salts or any other emulsifier
List the 5 Steps of the Scientific Method in order
Observations, Hypothesis, Experiment/Observations, Conclusion, Scientific Theory
Name the 4 Organic Molecules of Life and give their Functions
Carbohydrates-Immediate energy and stored energy, structural molecules; Proteins-Long Term energy storage, membrane components; Lipids- Support Metabolic, Transport, Regulation, and Motion; Nucleic Acids- Storage of Genetic Information
The splitting of a Triglyceride (Fat) into Glycerol and Fatty Acids involves the addition of what compound?
Name the substances that can pass through a Plasma Membrane by the way of Diffusion
Water, Oxygen, Non Charged Atoms, Carbon DIoxide
What type of Protein is this? Name this Structure?
Channel; Phospholipid (characterized as Hydrophilic)
Pickles appear wrinkled and shriveled because they have been placed in a ______________ Solution
What 2 Reactive Groups are involved in the formation of a Peptide Bond?
Amino Group and Carboxyl (Acid) Group
A molecule of what compound must be removed in order to form a Peptide Bond?
Dehydration Reaction (Water is removed)
Is the "OH" for this molecule derived from the Carboxyl Group or from the Amino Group?
The splitting of a Dipeptide into 2 Amino Acids would reverse the reaction. What molecule would have to be added to a Dipeptide in order to break a Peptide Bond and then split the Dipeptide into 2 Amino Acids?
Hydrolysis (Adding Water- Human Body occurs in the throat (mouth) through Saliva))
(Fat); 3 part Structure; "Neutral Fat" b/c the molecule is Non-Polar and carries no charges
What 2 Reactive Groups are in the joining of Glycerol and Fatty Acids?
Hydroxyl Group and Carboxyl (Acid) Group
A molecule of what compound is removed when Glycerol and Fatty Acids are joined?