Upgrade to remove ads
AP Psychology (Myers) Unit 12
Terms in this set (46)
deviant, distressful, & disfunctional patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.
ADHD-attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
psychological disorder marked by the appearence by age 7 of 1+/3 symptoms including extreme inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.
-commonly overdiagnosed when child is overly rambunctious and increased awareness of disorder
-diagnosed 2-3x more in boys
concept that diseases have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and usually cured through hospital treatments.
American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, widely used system for classifying psychological disorders.
bio-psycho-social approach to disorders
-recognizes that mind and body are inseperable
psychological disorder in which the person loses contact with reality and experiences irrational ideas and distorted perceptions.
Axis's for diagnosing psychological disorders
Axis I= Is a Clinical Syndrome present? (largest)
Axis II= Is a Personality Disorder or Mental Retardation present?
Axis III=Is a General Medical Condition also present?
Axis IV= Are Psychosocial or Environmental Problems also present?
Axis V= What is the Global Assessment of this person's functioning?
DSM of human strengths
Seeking to understand and help alleviate human ills and evils, but also to understand and promote human strengths and virtues.
-can serve as self-fulfilling prophecies (-)
-can offer something to judge people on (-)
-mental health professionals can use to communicate about cases, comprehend underlying causes, and discern effective treatment programs.
psychological disorder characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety, or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety.
generalized anxiety disorder
anxiety disorder where person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in state of autonomic nervous system arousal.
anxiety disorder marked by unpredictable minute(s)-long episodes of intense dread in which a person experiences terror and accompanying chest pain, choking, or other sensations.
anxiety disorder marked by persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object or situation.
-agoraphobia=fear or avoidance of situations in which escape might be difficult or help unavailable
OCD-obsessive compulsive disorder
anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and/or actions (compulsions)
PTSD-post-traumatic stress disorder
anxiety disorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, and insomia lingering for more than 4 weeks after experience.
positive psychological changes as a result of struggling with extremely challenging circumstances and life crisis.
fear one thing due to an experience and develop fear for all things similar (learning perspective)
avoiding/escaping a feared situation and anxiety is reduced, thus reinforcing fear.
psychological disorder in which the symptoms take a somatic (body) form without apparent physical cause.
rare somatoform disorder in which person experiences very specific genuine physical symptoms for which no physiological basis can be found.
somatoform disorder in which a person interprets normal physical sensations as symptoms of a disease.
disorders in which conscious awareness becomes seperated from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings.
DID- dissociative identity disorder
rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits 2 or more distinct and alternating personalities.
psychological disorder characterized by emotional extremes.
major depressive disorder
mood disorder in which a person experiences 2 or more weeks of significantly depressed moods, feelings of worthlessness, and diminished interest or pleasure in most activities.
mood disorder marked by a hyperactive, wildly optimistic state.
mood disorder in which the person alternates between hoplessnesss and lethargy of depression and overexcited state of mania.
neurotransmitter that increases arousal and boosts mood but scarce during depression and overabundant during mania.Having to do with mood disorders
a neurotransmitter that affects hunger, sleep, arousal, and mood. lower than normal levels in depressed people
cycle of depressed thinking
1) negative/stressful events interpreted through 2) a pessimistic explanatory style create 3) a hopeless/depressed state that 4) hampers the way the person thinks and acts which in turn fuels 1) negative, stressful experiences like rejection.
"split mind"- group of severe disorders characterized by disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and actions.
-excess of dopamine receptors (overactivity)
-chronic-process of developing or acute-reactive suddenly there
-fetal-virus increases odd of child getting and no environ. factors can randomly produce if no one related to that person never had
false beliefs, often of persecution or grandeur, that may accompany psychotic disorders.
schizophrenic selective attention
irrelevant, minute stimuli, distract attention. hard to give undivided attention because cannot filter out other sensory stimuli.
sensory experiences without sensory stimuli, or seeing, feeling, tasting, and smelling things that are not actually there.
lapse of emotionless state in schizophrenic's
motionless for hours on end then become agitated. schizophrenia
preoccuped with hallucinations or delusions, often with themes of persecution or grandiosity. schizophrenia
jumbled speech or behavior, or flat or inappropriate emotion. schizophrenia
many and varied symptoms of schizophrenia
withdrawal, after hallucinations or delusions have dissapeared in schizophrenic's
psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning.
avoidant personality disorder
personality disorder in which the person's fears of rejection by others leads to social isolation
schiziod personality disorder
odd-eccentric personality disorder characterized by a desire to avoid close relationships as well as by emotional aloofness, reclusivity, and a lack of humor usually do not date or marry
histrionic personality disorder
personality disorder characterized by excessive emotionality and preoccupation with being the center of attention; emotional shallowness; overly dramatic behavior
narcissistic personality disorder
a personality disorder characterized by exaggerated ideas of self-importance and achievements; preoccupation with fantasies of success; arrogance
antisocial personality disorder
a personality disorder in which the person (usually a man) exhibits a lack of conscience for wrongdoing, even toward friends and family members; may be aggressive and ruthless or a clever con artist
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Myers Psychology for AP unit 13
Myer's Psychology for AP (Unit 10)
Myer's Psychology for AP (Unit 6)
Myer's Psychology for AP Unit 14
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Unit 12: Abnormal Psychology
Unit 12 - Abnormal Behavior
Unit 12 - Abnormal Behavior
AP Psychology Unit 12 - Abnormal Behavior
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Alterations in Body Electrolytes
Muscles of the Neck and Head