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only the best way to study ancient Greece


Form of Government in which a hereditary ruler exercises power


Form of government in which power is in the hands of land owning wealthy elite


Form of government in which power is in the hands of hereditary land owning elite


Form of government by the people


or polis, a city and surrounding territory governed by a single ruler

Spartan life/culture

Militaristic, brutal life, women could own property
had little use for ideals and arts

Athenian life/culture

worked towards democracy, women cared for children and received no education, great interest in the arts


people who gained power by force, won support on poor and merchant class for imposing reforms

Rich vs. Poor power struggles

struggles that included farmers selling land and family into slavery, nobles becoming extremely powerful

Persian Wars

Series of wars between Greece and Persia
Persia controlled Greece and the Greeks rebelled
Battles of Marathon, Thermopylae and Salamis
Greece won and Greeks felt a sense of uniqeness

Peloponnesian War

War between Sparta and Athens, started because Pericles corrupted Delian League.


Greek Philosopher who was Plato's teacher was put on trial for corrupting youth of Greece


Greek Philosopher who addressed the issue how a person ought to live


Greek Philosopher who addressed what the ideal state should be


the part of Athens which had giant marble buildings devoted to the gods


Athenian ruler who ruled the Delian League and took money from it to rebuild Athens

Delian League

Alliance between Athens and other Greek city-states
Athens used money from this league to rebuild the city

Plato's Republic

Plato's idea on the ideal government

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