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Ancient Greece

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monarchy
Form of Government in which a hereditary ruler exercises power
oligarchy
Form of government in which power is in the hands of land owning wealthy elite
aristocracy
Form of government in which power is in the hands of hereditary land owning elite
democracy
Form of government by the people
city-states
or polis, a city and surrounding territory governed by a single ruler
Spartan life/culture
Militaristic, brutal life, women could own property
had little use for ideals and arts
Athenian life/culture
worked towards democracy, women cared for children and received no education, great interest in the arts
tyrants
people who gained power by force, won support on poor and merchant class for imposing reforms
Rich vs. Poor power struggles
struggles that included farmers selling land and family into slavery, nobles becoming extremely powerful
Persian Wars
Series of wars between Greece and Persia
Persia controlled Greece and the Greeks rebelled
Battles of Marathon, Thermopylae and Salamis
Greece won and Greeks felt a sense of uniqeness
Peloponnesian War
War between Sparta and Athens, started because Pericles corrupted Delian League.
Socrates
Greek Philosopher who was Plato's teacher was put on trial for corrupting youth of Greece
Aristotle
Greek Philosopher who addressed the issue how a person ought to live
Plato
Greek Philosopher who addressed what the ideal state should be
acropolis
the part of Athens which had giant marble buildings devoted to the gods
Pericles
Athenian ruler who ruled the Delian League and took money from it to rebuild Athens
Delian League
Alliance between Athens and other Greek city-states
Athens used money from this league to rebuild the city
Plato's Republic
Plato's idea on the ideal government