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Gov and econ midterm
Terms in this set (62)
Collection of views people hold on political issues and how they influence the govt.
choices and actions government takes in response to an issue
Family, school, work, etc
How is public opinion formed
How does the media affect public opinion
statements meant to influence public opinion or promote a cause or viewpoint
group of people taking part in a poll
reliable, accurate, objective, and bias-free
Polls should be...
used to predict election results buy sampling random voters
Special interest groups
associate of people who hold similar views or goals
an organization that tries to elect its members to public office so that its views can become public policy.
a basic set of ideas and goals about society and the role of government that its members and supporters generally share.
One party system
single political party controls the government
Multi party system
more than 2 parties that compete for control of government
Two party system
Two major parties compete to control government.
any political party in a two-party system besides the two major ones
a candidate who is not associated with any party.
most common local organization is the county party, which is usually run by a committee
the smallest unit for administering elections and local voting
Voting district made up of several precincts
run by a central committee made up of representatives from the party's county committees run by an appointed "chairperson".
The national party of each major party is headed by a national committee of members from its state parties. A national chairperson leads a large paid staff and manages the party's operations.
$ that goes to the canidate
$ that goes to party
meeting of party members (delegates) to select candidate(s)
only voters registered in the party can vote
any registered voter (but can only vote in one primary)
when candidate has more voters than anyone else
When canidate has more than 50% of votes
agreement between people (citizens) and their government
English Political Philosopher and Author of "Leviathan"
Hobbes view of Social Contract
People should be willing to some rights and power and in exchange, the government provides security, King and government has total authority and people cannot challenge and/or change the government
Locke view of social contract
People willing submit to the laws of a government (consent) and in exchange the government must protect all people's rights, If the government fails to protect people's rights, then the people can revolt against the government
Without government or authority _______ believes the state of nature would be violent and chaotic
_______'style of government is associated with a "monarchy", where people serve the government
Lockes view of Nature of man
Humans are born with a mind like a "table rasa" meaning "blank slate" and we learn everything from society, people born with natural rights, not violent state of nature
Hobbes view of nature of man
thinks humans are naturally:
2. Diffident meaning "insecure of lacking confidence"
________ style of government is associated with "democracy", where the government serves the people
Rule of law
the idea that all people must follow the laws and that the laws are enforced fairly
People can make their own decisions on their government should work
People have the right to fair and reasonable laws. Officials have to follow rules when enforcing laws and to treat all people in the same way
A government that has been limited in power by a constitution, or written agreements
A set of things that people believe they should be free to do without restrictions.
English document between barons/nobles and King John that introduced the concepts of the following:
▪ Limited Government
▪ Rule of Law
▪ Due Process - fair trials
created by the Pilgrims upon landing in the wrong part of America and the document has become associated with "Self-Government"
English bill of rights
implemented after English Civil War and expanded rights to Parliament and all people
written letters from English authors put in a book that when sold to Americans became very influential. The theme of the book was the "freedom of expression".
very influential document to get American colonists to support the war for independence.
Seperation of powers
The power to govern is divided among executive, legislative, and judicial branches to prevent the concentration and abuse of power by any one branch.
Checks and balances
Each branch of government has the authority to check, or restrain, some powers of the other two branches.
The judiciary has the power to strike down laws and other government actions as invalid under the Constitution
The rights of the states are protected by dividing powers between the national government and state governments
Constitution should not be changed on a "whim", but should change as society and circumstances change (change with the times)
The laws of the Constitution grow in "authority and acceptance" the longer they go "unchanged" and too much change could split the country.
Bill of rights
created as the original Constitution lacked language that protect specific individual freedoms
Governments attempt to solve a problem
The process of created policy
The power to rule over territory
The power of the people to have a say in how they are governed
Most important role in govt
To provide for the nations defense
Margin of error or sampling error
Indicates a polls accuracy and is given a percentage above amd below the polls results
The nomination process
Most important job of political parties
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