17 terms

Verse Terms

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Blank Verse
Unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter
Heroic Couplet
Two rhyming lines of iambic pentameter
Tercet
A three line stanza of verse
Sestet
A six line stanza of verse
Octave
An eight line stanza of verse
Couplet
A two line stanza of verse
Quatrain
A four line stanza of verse
Tezra Rima
An interlocking rhyme scheme with the pattern aba bcb cdc....
Villanelle
A 19 line poem consisting of 5 tercets rhyme aba and a concluding quatrain rhyme abaa; lines 1 and 3 of the first tercet serve as refrains in alternating pattern through line 16 and then repeated in lines 18 and 19
Lyric
Usually a fairly short poem which is the expression of strong feelings or thoughts
Stanza
An arrangement of lines of verse in a pattern usually repeated throughout the poem. Typically each stanza has a fixed number of verses or lines and a consistent rhyme scheme
Elegy
A mournful poem, usually written in a remembrance of a lost one for a funeral or as a lament; tells the story of an individual's loss, rather than the collective story of people
Ode
A long, often stanzaic poem of varying lengths and sometimes intricate rhyme schemes dealing with a serious subject matter and treating it reverently
Iambic Pentameter
A line of 10 syllables with a pattern of alternating unstressed/ stressed syllables
Pentrarchan Sonnet
14 lines; iambic pentameter; 1 octave and 1 sestet; ABBAABBA
Spenserian Sonnet
14 lines; iambic pentameter; 3 quatrains and 1 couplet; ABAB BCBC CDCDEE
Shakesperian Sonnet
14 lines; iambic pentameter; 3 quatrains and 1 couplet; ABAB CDCD EFEF GG
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