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APUSH chapter 3 test reviews FIB
Terms in this set (50)
Perhaps no issue in American history has generated quite as much controversy or as many interpretations as _______, the "peculiar institution."
Paralleling the growth of the southern economy and its dependence on the slave labor system, the number of slaves in the United States rapidly increases from the 1.5 million in 1820 to ___________ million in 1860.
One of the busiest domestic slave trading routes began in Alexandria, Virginia, and ended in _______, Mississippi.
Congress formally ended the international slave trade on January 1, 1808, the earliest time allowed by the ________.
In order to destroy the potential power of organized white workers to strike, the _________ Company of Richmond switched from white slave labor "almost exclusively" in 1847.
The majority, approximately _________ percent, of southern whites owned no slaves.
In slaves' folktales, the clever _________ usually outwitted the more powerful Brer Fox or Brer Wolf, thus reversing the roles of oppressed and oppressor.
Slaves who hid out for months and years at a time in communities of runaway slaves, especially in the swamps of Florida, we called "__________."
A series of safe houses and stations where runaway slaves could rest, eat, and spend the night before continuing their escape, the ________ was organized by abolitionists.
The most famous slave revolt in North America, which occurred in Southampton County, Virginia, in 1831 was led by _________.
As a result of the Second Great Awakening, the ______ Church became the largest denomination in the United States by 1844, with over a million members.
Protesting against slavery and the Mexican War, _______ refused to pay his taxes, went to jail briefly, and wrote the classic essay, "On Civil Disobedience" (1849).
Henry David Thoreau
In his famous essay "Exposition and Protest", John Calhoun presented the doctrine of ________, by which southern states could protect themselves from harmful national action.
The Cherokee remember their force removal, during which perhaps a quarter of their tribe died, as the ________.
Trail of tears
In the election of 1832, the National Republicans adopted the name of ________ to show their opposition to "King Andrew" Jackson and his supporters.
As a result of government policies designed to halt inflation during the end of Jackson's term of office, worried investors rushed to convert paper notes into cash, creating the ________.
Panic of 1837
Under the brilliant leadership of Joseph Smith's successor, _______, the Mormons headed westward in 1846 in their continuing search for "the land of promise".
The "Lane rebels" led by Theodore Dwight Weld turned _______College into the first institution in the United States open equally to women and men, blacks and whites.
The American Colonizationist Society, founded in 1816, sent a small number of manumitted slaves to ________ on the west coast of Africa.
In 1837, an angry mob murdered _______, and antislavery editor in Illinois, and destroyed his printing press.
The conviction that America's superior institution and culture gave the United States a God-given right, even an obligation, to spread its civilization across the continent was expressed in the phrase _________.
Upon news of the Texas rebellion, Mexican dictator and general ________ hurried north to crush it with an army of 6,000 conscripts.
Hoping the issue would boost his reelection chances in 1844, President _________ reopened the question of annexing Texas.
In securing the Democratic nomination in 1844, __________ called for "the reannexation of Texas at the earliest practicable period" and the occupation of the Oregon Territory.
_________ intended to oppose annexation of Texas fearing expansion of slavery and growth of southern power.
Although he successfully negotiated an end to the Mexican War, ___________ was fired by President Polk who denounced him as an "unqualified scoundrel."
President Polk considered the 49th parallel a reasonable boundary for the Oregon Territory, for it would extend the _________ to the Pacific.
Joseph Smith's murder in 1844 marked no end to the persecution of his followers, the ____________, who decided to seek refuge in the arid Great Basin area of Utah.
Most of the Plains Indians were dependent upon the _________ which provided them with food, clothing, shelter, and trade items.
A faction of Democrats in New York bolted the party in 1848 and joined with "conscience" Whigs to form the Free-Soil Party and support ________ for president.
The most controversial part of the Compromise of 1850 was the __________, appeasing southerners but infuriating northerners.
Fugitive Slave Act
When President Lincoln met __________ in 1863, he is reported to have said, "So you're the little woman who wrote the book that made this great war."
Harriet Beacher Stowe
Although it began as a railroad measure, the _________ Act ended in the reopening the question of slavery in the territories.
Conducting raids in Latin America in search of additional slave territory during the 1850s, ___________ was captured and shot by a Honduran firing squad after invading that country.
Founded in opposition to new immigrants of the 1850s, the ________ Party advocated a longer period of naturalization.
Following his tirade of "The Crime Against Kansas," Senator ________ was caned by Congressman Preston Brooks.
Although losing the Illinois senate race of 1858 to Democrat ___________, Abraham Lincoln defeated the same opponent for president of the United States in 1860.
Leading a raid on the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia, in 1859, radical abolitionist _____________ hoped to provoke a general uprising of slaves throughout the Upper South.
On April 12, 1861, as Lincoln's relief expedition neared Charleston, General P.G.T. Beauregard's batteries shelled __________, and the Civil War began.
The "Ex parte Merryman", Chief Justice ___________ of the Supreme Court ruled that if the public's safety was endangered, only Congress had the right to suspend the writ of habeas corpus.
Roger B. Taney
Winfield Scott, the Union commanding general at the beginning of the Civil War, favored a cautious, long-term strategy known as the ________.
The early struggle of the Civil War in the East focused on the capture of _______, the Confederacy's capital and one of the South's most important railroad, industrial, and munitions centers.
Originally a U.S. warship, which sank as the federal navy abandoned the Norfolk Navy Yard, the Confederates raised the ________ and covered it with heavy armor.
Immigrant workers in the eastern cities and those who lived in the southern parts of the Midwest had little sympathy for abolitionism or blacks, supporting the antiwar stance of the Peace Democrats, the so-called __________.
Unless rebellious states (or parts of states in rebellion) returned to the Union by January 1, 1863, the president would declare their slaves "forever free," according to the ____________.
On July 3, 1863, General Robert E. Lee sent about 15,000 men in a gallant but futile assault, known as ___________, against the Union center at the Battle of Gettysburg.
Fashionable Washington photographer _____________, realizing that the camera was the "eye of history," asked Lincoln for permission to record the war.
On April 9, 1865, Grant accepted Lee's surrender at _______________, ending he Civil War for all practical purposes.
Some 31,000 Union soldiers were confined and over 12,000 graves were counted at war's end at the Confederate prison of _______ in Georgia.
Only five days after the surrender at Appomattox, a southern sympathizer named _____________ assassinated President Lincoln at Ford's Theater.
John Wilkes Booth
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