Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (42)
An attempt to put an end to the authority of a person or body by rebelling.
William the Conqueror, sometimes known as William the Bastard.
Grandfather of Henry II, father of Matilda, duke of Normandy, and king of England.
Daughter of Henry I, Queen of England, and wife of Geoffrey Plantagenet of Anjou, and Mother of king Henry II.
Energetic king who killed an archbishop in his anger, King of England, and ruler of half of France. Was son of Matilda and Geoffrey Plantagenet of Anjou, and wife of Eleanor.
Thomas à Becket
Archbishop of England, former loyal friend to the king, but later killed by him for rebelling against him.
Son of Henry II and Eleanor, third Plantagenet king, poet and leader of the Third Crusade to the Holy Land.
King of England, brother and successor to Richard I. "Lackland"
Enemy of Henry II and ex-husband of Eleanor.
Philip II Augustus
Son of Louis VII, enemy of king Henry II, became king of France.
Frederick I Barbarossa
Emperor of Germany, third leader of the Third Crusade, but the first to die.
Sole heir to King John
Was wife of Henry II, ex-wife of Louis VII, later the wife of Richard I.
Worst enemy of Henry I, always plotting against him.
Charismatic leader of the Turks, controlled the Holy Land.
Archbishop of Canterbury.
Simon de Montfort
Noble who had married Henry's sister, but organized resistance against the king.
Duchess of Aquitaine
Archbishop of Canterbury
Richard I, for his bold fighting in the Holy Land.
Normandy, Anjou, and Poitou
A region in southeastern France
A region in northern France.
The royal treasury
Travelling justices who would pay to settle disputes over land.
Group to decide the guilt or innocence of people accused of crimes.
Courts in which you were hanged if you were found guilty
Courts in which all you had to do was pray if you were found guilty
Group of church officials
A Catholic holy war against Islam 1145-1149
War to recapture Jerusalem from the Turks that had occupied it, unified under Saladin.
A meadow near the royal castle of Windsor
The year of the revolt against King John
The 'great charter' document Stephen forced King John to sign, which caused the restriction of his powers over the kingdom
Meetings of representatives and nobles.
System of government in which the monarch is the head of state but with powers limited by law.
House of Lords
The parliament made up of nobles, bishops, and abbots.
House of Commons
The parliament of communities made up of representatives.
1101 to 1200
1201 to 1300