23 terms

ch 3 psychology

more, more
compared to women, men are ____ likely to feel comfortable about having casual sex with different partners and ____ likely to feel jelous rage over a mate's having sex with someone else.
more, more
compared to fraternal twins, identical twins are _____ similar in their risk of developing Alzheimer's disease and _____ similar in risk of divorce
home environments
less than 10% of children's personality differences are attributable to the various _______ shared by family members
touch and message
premature babies are especially likely to gain weight if stimulated by
decreasing, decreasing
over the last century , western parents have placed ____ priority on teaching children to respectand obey parents and _____ priority on teaching them loyalty to their country
concepts of maleness adn femaleness that influence our perceptions are called gender _____
more, more
compared to their female classmates college age men are _____ likely to engage in unsafe sexual practices adn _____ likely to die in auto crashes
overestimating, overestimating
evolutionary psychologists are likely to be criticized for ______ gender differences in human mate selection and for _____ the reproductive advantages fo common social practices
less, more
Identical twins reared apart have _____ similar personalities than identical twins reared together and _____ similar personalities than fraternal twins reared apart
freudian psychologists
the tendancy to exaggerate the impact of parents' child rearing practices on children's personality development has been most characteristic of
prenatal environments
identical twins who have seperate placentas are somewhat less similar than identical twins who share a placenta. this best illustrates the influence of ____ on development.
smoking preferences
teens who smoke typically have friends who smoke. In order to avoid overestimating the impact of peer pressure on teens' smoking habits it would make the most sense to consider the impact of
gene, y
a single ____ on the _____ chromosome plays a crucial rold in the prenatal development of the testes
human behavior
evolutionary psychologists are most likely to be criticized for providing hindsight explanations for
individual responsability
by insisting that humans are nothing but products of nature and nurture we run the greatest risk of undermining
more, more
compared with today's north americans, ppl in japanese and chinese cultures exibit _____ concern for social harmony and _____ shyness toward strangers
natural selection
the prevalence of genetically predisposed traits which have a reproductive advantage is the best explanation in terms of
genetic differences
the heritability of intelligence refers to the extent to which the variation among peoples intelligence can be attributed to their
more aggressive behavior
a genetically female child who recives excess testosterone during prenatal growth is subsequently likely to develop
family environment
the remarkable academic and vocational successes of the children of refugee asian boat people best illustrate teh importance of
unusually reactive temperaments
genetically female children exposed to excess testosterone during prenatal development subsequetly exhibit more "tomboyish" behaviors than most girls. in order to avoid overestimating the influence of prenatal hormones on these behaviors, it should be noted that the children have
different cultures
cross cultural research on human development indicates that developmental processes are highly similar among individuals raised in
professor archibald suggests that men are more likely than women to initiate casual sex because this has proven to be a more successful reprodutive strategy for men than for women. the professor's suggestion best illustrates an _____ theory