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SO 254 Ch 3 Drugs
Terms in this set (55)
A substance other than food that alters the structure or functioning of a living organism when it enters the bloodstream and has 1) A direct effect on the users physical, psychological or intellectual functioning; 2) The potential to be abused, 3) Adverse consequences for individuals or society.
Structural-Functionalist Perspective on Drug & Alcohol Use:
Drug abuse is a result of weak social norms or "anomie". For example, healthcare warns of the dangers but advertisers & traditions, such as toasting a bride, or lack of parental discipline enforce use. Drug use is a response to the absence of weakening consensus of what is considered acceptable.
Conflict Theory Perspective on Drug & Alcohol Use:
Emphasis on social values & how powerful members of society influence which drugs are legal & the severity of the penalty of use or sale. Drug use is a response to escape the frustration of oppression & inequalities caused by capitalism. For example, alcohol is legal because white males use it.
Symbolic Interactionist Perspective on Drug & Alcohol Use:
Emphasis on labeling & social meanings associated with drugs. If an individual identifies as drug user, use will continue but If identifies as hustler, may not be addicted. Drug use & pleasure outcome is learned by others who use it. For example, drinking games or teaching how to smoke marijuana.
Biological & Psychological Perspective on Drug & Alcohol Use:
Genetic predisposition increases risk of addiction. Psychological problems like anxiety, depression and ADHD increase risk. Users "self-medicate". Child abuse or stressful life events like death of a loved one increase risk. Use is maintained by positive reinforcement of pleasure or negative reinforcement of fear of withdrawal.
Heavy drinking is defined as 5 or more drinks on the same occasion of each of __ or more days in the past 30 days prior to survey.
Binge drinking is defined as 5 or more drinks on the same occasion of each of __ or more days in the past 30 days prior to survey.
Meta-analysis combines the results of several studies addressing a research question, i.e., it is the analysis of ______.
_____________ is the most dominant illicit drug in the world. It has sedative & hallucinogenic effects. Alcohol is the most popular in America.
___ _____ is a drug that is believed to lead to the use of other drugs. For example, marijuana to cocaine.
_______ is classified as a stimulant & produces feelings of excitement or euphoria. Prescription stimulants are methamphetamine & dextroamphetamine. Cocaine is made from cocoa leaves.
______ is a crystallized illegal drug product produced by boiling a mixture of baking soda, water and cocaine.
____________ is a nervous system stimulant that is highly addictive. It can be made from Sudafed cold medications so congress passed Comprehensive Methamphetamine Control Act of 1996.
_________ is an analgesic pain killer & is the most commonly abused class of drugs called opiates. It can be injected, snorted, smoked
________________ ____ is the nonmedical use of prescription pain reliever, stimulant, sedative or tranquilizers. Ritalin & Adderall were abused to do better in school while OxyContin & Vicodin were pain relievers to "feel good".
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