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Grammar Exam Definitions
Terms in this set (47)
What is a clause?
A group of related words that includes a clause and a finite verb
What is included in an independent clause?
What is a subordinate clause?
A dependent clause (cannot stand alone)
What is a phrase?
A group of related words that cannot contain both a subject and a finite verb
What are the coordinating conjunctions?
For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So
What is imperative?
In a command the subject is implied
What are examples of weak subjects?
-There is/are/have been...
What is passive voice?
-Hides the actor
-Considered weak and should be avoided
What are dangling modifiers?
-A modifier is dangling when it leaves out some information
-IE: Standing on the balcony, the ocean view was magnificent. (Who was standing on the balcony?)
When should you use punctuation outside quotation marks?
Heavy punctuation ( ; : ? ! ) that is not included in a quote are placed outside quotation marks
A verb meaning the value, quantity, or amount of something
A verb meaning to inform
As a verb means to influence
-Noun: consequence or result of something
-Verb: to cause or implement
A nice comment
Refers to advice itself or to the process of giving advice
A group of people
Refers to insurance
Refers to distance
Refers to degree
Refers to individual items
Refers to uncountable bulk or quality
The possessive form if it
The contraction of "it is"
To put or place
Refers to money, the CEO of a school, and the main element
Refers to a belief or concept
Refers to something you possess
The opposite of win
What is a transitive verb?
-Requires a direct object that receives the action of the verb
-Can be written in passive voice
What is an example of a transitive verb?
"The supervisor fired the disobedient employee." ('fired' is a transitive verb, 'employee' is the object of the firing)
What is an intransitive verb?
Does not require a direct object
What is an example of intransitive verb?
"Today I've been running around in circles." ('running' is an intransitive verb, it requires no object)
What is the indicative mood?
Use to make a statement of fact
-IE: We will likely receive three benefits.
What is the imperative mood?
Used to give a command or make a direct request
-It always involves the implied second-person subject "you"
What is the subjunctive mood?
Used to express supposition, an indirect command or request, or a condition that is not true or not likely to be true
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