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the way the poem looks and is arranged on the page


the close repetition of middle vowel sounds between different consonant sounds, usually within a line


the message about life or human nature that the poet shares with the reader

free verse

without definite pattern or rhyme and often has irregular line length; differs from traditional verse forms


obvious, extravagant exaggeration or overstatement, not intended to be taken literally, but used figuratively to create humor or emphasis

internal rhyme

a rhyme between words in the same line


the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words or within words


the voice that talks to the reader; may or may not be the voice of the poet and expresses feelings the poet wants to convey


the patterned flow of sound; based on the combination of accent and number of syllables known as meter; brings out musical quality of language and helps to create mood and emphasize ideas


a comparison between two seemingly unlike things without using "like" or "as"


literature in its most intense, most imaginative, and most rythmic forms; words are arranged to create a certain effect


a variety of speech characterized by its own particular grammar or pronunciation, often associated with a particular geographical region

figurative language

language that describes ordinary things in a new way; writing or speech that is not intended to carry literal meaning and is usually meant to be imaginative and vivid.


the similarity of sound between two words; when the sounds of their accented syllables and all succeeding sounds are identical


language that creates visual images for readers and appeals to the reader's sense of sight, hearing, touch, smell, and taste


the use of words whose sound imitates the sound of the thing being named

rhyme scheme

pattern of the way words rhyme, the pattern of rhyme in a poem


the form in which poems are written; may not be complete sentences


sections or divisions of a poem by grouping lines into a reocurring pattern; lines grouped together


a comparison between to unseemingly unlike things using "like" or "as"


a figure of speech in which human characteristics and sensibilities are attributed to animals, plants, inanimate objections, natural forces, or abstract ideas


repeating of phrases or sentences so that repeated parts are alike in structure and/or meaning; can take many forms

end rhyme

rhyme that occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry

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