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23 terms

Poetry Unit Vocab

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form
the way the poem looks and is arranged on the page
assonance
the close repetition of middle vowel sounds between different consonant sounds, usually within a line
theme
the message about life or human nature that the poet shares with the reader
free verse
without definite pattern or rhyme and often has irregular line length; differs from traditional verse forms
hyperbole
obvious, extravagant exaggeration or overstatement, not intended to be taken literally, but used figuratively to create humor or emphasis
internal rhyme
a rhyme between words in the same line
alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words or within words
speaker
the voice that talks to the reader; may or may not be the voice of the poet and expresses feelings the poet wants to convey
rhythm
the patterned flow of sound; based on the combination of accent and number of syllables known as meter; brings out musical quality of language and helps to create mood and emphasize ideas
metaphor
a comparison between two seemingly unlike things without using "like" or "as"
poetry
literature in its most intense, most imaginative, and most rythmic forms; words are arranged to create a certain effect
dialect
a variety of speech characterized by its own particular grammar or pronunciation, often associated with a particular geographical region
figurative language
language that describes ordinary things in a new way; writing or speech that is not intended to carry literal meaning and is usually meant to be imaginative and vivid.
rhyme
the similarity of sound between two words; when the sounds of their accented syllables and all succeeding sounds are identical
imagery
language that creates visual images for readers and appeals to the reader's sense of sight, hearing, touch, smell, and taste
onomatopoeia
the use of words whose sound imitates the sound of the thing being named
rhyme scheme
pattern of the way words rhyme, the pattern of rhyme in a poem
lines
the form in which poems are written; may not be complete sentences
stanzas
sections or divisions of a poem by grouping lines into a reocurring pattern; lines grouped together
simile
a comparison between to unseemingly unlike things using "like" or "as"
personification
a figure of speech in which human characteristics and sensibilities are attributed to animals, plants, inanimate objections, natural forces, or abstract ideas
parallelism
repeating of phrases or sentences so that repeated parts are alike in structure and/or meaning; can take many forms
end rhyme
rhyme that occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry

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