97 terms

APUSH - Mid-Term - Rider

The principal motivation for drafting the Bill of Rights was the desire to

(A) test the new process of amendment described in the Constitution
(B) protect rights not specified in the Constitution
(C) strengthen the power of the federal government
(D) restore to the states the powers they had enjoyed under the Articles of Confederation
(E) clarify the federal relationship among the states
Which of the following statements about the "American System" is correct?

(A) It was set up by the Treaty of Ghent at the end of the War of 1812.
(B) It was strongly promoted by Andrew Jackson
(C) It permitted immigrants to be naturalized after living in the United States for five years.
(D) It was designed to meet the nation's need for economic progress and self-sufficiency.
(E) It called for an end to the European presence in South America.
In 1861 the North went to war with the South primarily to

(A) liberate the slaves
(B) prevent European powers from meddling in American affairs
(C) preserve the Union
(D) avenge political defeats and insults inflicted by the South
(E) forestall a Southern invasion of the North
The Proclamation of 1763 did which of the following?

(A) Introduced a tax on tea.
(B) Prohibited colonists from producing iron fro the American market.
(C) Forbade all colonial trade with the French West Indies.
(D) Set a boundary along the crest of the Appalachians beyond which the English colonists were forbidden to settle.
(E) Announced the reorganization of the colonial office under Parliament, rather than directly under the King-in-Council.
Which of the following contributed most to the American victory in the Revolution?

(A) French military and financial assistance
(B) The failure of Loyalists to participate in military action
(C) A major American military victory at Valley Forge
(D) Support from the French Canadians
(E) The British failure to capture Philadelphia
When Thomas Jefferson said in 1802, "We are all republicans -- we are all federalists," he meant that

(A) Americans would never ally themselves with monarchical governments
(B) federalists would be appointed to his cabinet
(C) the two parties' platforms were identical
(D) the principles of American government were above party politics
(E) he admired Hamilton's policies
Which of the following stressed the importance of individual inspiration, self-reliance, dissent, and nonconformity?

(A) George Whitefield
(B) Ralph Waldo Emerson
(C) James Fenimore Cooper
(D) Joseph Smith
(E) Abigail Adams
Which of the following was true of a married woman in the colonial era?

(A) She would be sentenced to debtors' prison for debts incurred by her husband.
(B) She could vote as her husband's proxy in elections.
(C) She generally lost control of her property when she married.
(D) she was the prime beneficiary by law of her husband's estate.
(E) Her legal rights over her children were the same as those of her husband.
President Washington's Neutrality Proclamation of 1793 was issued in response to

(A) Spanish expansion in the Southeast
(B) Dutch economic activity in the mid-Atlantic states
(C) Canadian alliances with northern American Indians
(D) French diplomatic overtures to invoke the Franco-American Alliance
(E) English boycotts of selected American manufactures
The Hartford Convention was a manifestation of

(A) New England Federalist opposition to the War of 1812
(B) New England's desire to end United States trade with Great Britain
(C)northern gratitude to General Jackson for his victory at New Orleans
(D) the War Hawks' impatience with President Madison's conduct of foreign policy
(E) western resentment against British-backed American Indian attacks
<<Look at Graph for #20 in 1996>>
The Graph above refutes which of the following statements?

(A) There were more Black people than White people in the antebellum South
(B) Most southern families held slaves
(C) Most southern families lived in rural areas.
(D) The southern population was much smaller than that of the North.
(E) Slaveholders were an extremely powerful group.
The primary purpose of the Stamp Act was to

(A) raise revenues to support British troops stationed in America
(B) reduce colonial consumption of foreign goods
(C) fund the colonial postal system
(D) impose a mercantilist system on the colonies
(E) reduce the authority of the colonial legislatures
The Declaration of Independence did all the following EXCEPT

(A) appeal to the philosophy of natural rights
(B) call for the abolition of the slave trade
(C) appeal to the sympathies of the English people
(D) criticize the provisions of the Quebec Act of 1774
(E) accuse George III of tyranny
Jefferson's purchase of Louisiana had its origins in his desire to

(A) remove the French from forts along the Mississippi valley
(B) acquire a port to provide an outlet for western crops
(C) acquire territory for the expansion of slavery
(D) oppose New England Federalism
(E) demonstrate friendship for the French in the Napoleonic Wars
Andrew Jackson supported all of the following EXCEPT

(A) Indian removal
(B) the right of nullification
(C) the removal of federal deposits from the Bank of the United States
(D) annexation of new territory
(E) use of the presidential veto power
When the Emancipation Proclamation was issued a the beginning of 1863, its immediate effect was to

(A) end the Civil War
(B) abolish slavery
(C) free slaves held in the border states
(D) alienate Britain and France
(E) strengthen the moral cause of the Union
Which of the following beliefs was central to eighteenth-century Deism?

(A) God gave the Bible to human beings to guide their behavior.
(B) God created a universe governed by natural law.
(C) Christ is the Redeemer of the human race.
(D) All human beings are born in sin.
(E) God's existence has been proven by super-natural revelation.
By the time of the American Revolution, most patriots had come to believe that, in republican government, sovereignty was located in

(A) the people
(B) Parliament
(C) state governments
(D) factions
(E) a centralized government
In the early 1830's, the majority of workers in the textile mills of Massachusetts were

(A) young unmarried women from rural New England
(B) newly arrived immigrants from Ireland
(C) men who were heads of households
(D) married women whose children were of school age
(E) free African Americans from urban areas
A (...but Rider said B)
The North American colonies took advantage of Great Britain's policy of salutary neglect to

(A) establish religious freedom as a fundamental right
(B) work out trade arrangements to acquire needed products from other countries
(C) introduce the practice of slavery into the New World
(D) establish a standing army
(E) make favorable territorial settlements with the French
As originally ratified, the United States Constitution provided for

(A) political parties
(B) a presidential cabinet
(C) the direct election of senators
(D) an electoral college
(E) a two-term presidential limit
Which of the following supplied the largest number of immigrants to the United States during the first half of the nineteenth century?

(A) England
(B) Africa
(C) Ireland
(D) The German states
(E) The Netherlands
Which of the following was true of the Northeast American Indian tribes at the time Europeans first began colonization?

(A) Their economies depended entirely on hunting and gathering.
(B) Their political and linguistic differences hindered their united opposition to the Europeans.
(C) Their populations were immune to European diseases.
(D) Their warriors rarely engaged in inter tribal warfare.
(E) Their cultures made no distinction between men's work, and women's work.
In the seventeenth century, which of the following was true of slavery in British North America?

(A) It was prohibited only in Massachusetts and Connecticut.
(B) It was opposed by the Anglican church.
(C) Slaves officially accounted for more than thirty percent of the colonial population.
(D) The number of slaves increased rapidly in the last quarter of the century.
(E) Most slaves lived on plantations with fifty or more slaves.
In "Marbury v. Madison," the United States Supreme Court affirmed

(A) its right to determine the constitutionality of state court decisions
(B) its right to determine the constitutionality of state laws
(C) its right of determine the constitutionality of congressional enactments
(D) the sanctity of property rights against
(E) the broad scope of federal government's commerce power
In the antebellum period, free African Americans were

(A) given the right of suffrage in most states
(B) protected from kidnapping under stringent provisions of the Fugitive Slave Act
(C) educated in integrated schools in most northern states
(D) able to settle in states in the Middle West without legal restriction
(E) able to accumulate some property in spite of discrimination
Which of the following provisions of the Compromise of 1850 provoked the most controversy in the 1850's?

(A) The admission of California as a free state
(B) The establishment of the principle of popular sovereignty in the Mexican cession
(C) The ban on the slave trade in the District of Columbia
(D) The continued protection of slavery in the District of Columbia
(E) The strengthened Fugitive Slave Law
Settlers who established the British colony in Virginia during the seventeenth century were primarily seeking to

(A) recreate an Old World feudalistic society in the New World
(B) create a perfect religious commonwealth as an example to the rest of the world
(C) create a refuge for political dissidents
(D) profit economically
(E) increase the glory of Great Britain
The issuance of the Monroe Doctrine did which of the following?

(A) Reaffirmed George Washington's goal of United States neutrality in the America's.
(B) Helped Secretary of State John Quincy Adams secure the presidency in 1824.
(C) Established in the United States as the dominant economic power in South America.
(D) Provided the basis for resolving Anglo-American border disputes.
(E) Asserted American independence in the realm of foreign policy.
All of the following led Congress to impose Radical Reconstruction measures EXCEPT the

(A) enactment of Black Codes by southern legislatures
(B) outbreak of race riots in New Orleans and Memphis
(C) massive exodus of former slaves from the South
(D) election of former Confederates to Congress
(E) response of southern legislatures to the Fourteenth Amendment
Which of the following was true of the first Great Awakening?
(A) It primarily affected church congregations in towns and cites.
(B) Cotton Mather was on of its most famous preachers
(C) It was denounced by Johnathan Edwards.
(D) It was primarily a southern phenomenon.
(E) It resulted in divisions within both the Congregational and Presbyterian churches.
<<Look at Map on pg. 25 in 1996>>
The map shows the United States as it appeared in

(A) 1784
(B) 1800
(C) 1812
(D) 1821
(E) 1845
<<Look at Map on pg. 25 in 1996>>
The area marked X on the map was part of

(A) Massachusetts' Western Reserve
(B) the Northwest Territory
(C) the Louisiana Purchase
(D) the Mexican Cession
(E) the Oregon Country
In 1840 the American Antislavery Society split into factions because

(A) its goals had been achieved
(B) most American's rejected the goal of colonizing Black people
(C) William Lloyd Garrison's advocacy of women's rights and pacifism of alienated some members
(D) a new sentiment in Congress favoring abolitionism led to disagreement over the rights of former slaves
(E) the death of Elijah P. Lovejoy created a struggle for power within the organization
The greatest achievement of the government under the Articles of Confederation was its establishment of

(A) a bicameral legislature
(B) a system for orderly settlement of the West
(C) general postwar prosperity
(D) long-term sectional harmony
(E) a termination date for the international slave trade
The goals of educational reformers in the antebellum years included all of the following EXPECT

(A) compulsory school-attendance laws
(B) the use of state and local tax money to finance public education
(C) the establishment of teacher-training schools
(D) a standardized length for the school year
(E) federal financing of secondary education
The Navigation Acts were part of teh British policy known as

(A) isolationism
(B) capitalism
(C) mercantilism
(D) monopolism
(E) imerialism
Jacksonian Democracy was distinguished by the belief that

(A) an aristocracy posed no danger to the Republic
(B) the National Republicans alone knew what was right for the people
(C) political participation by the common man should be increased
(D) political rights should be granted to women
(E) franchise restrictions should be racially neutral
President Monroe articulated the Monroe Doctrine in his 1823 address to Congress primarily in order to

(A) respond positively to the recent Latin American revolutions.
(B) rule out United States involvement in South America
(C) provide a rationale for United States intervention in the Isthmus of Panama
(D) warn European nations against further colonial ventures in the Western Hemisphere
(E) encourage Britain to help the fledgling Latin American states
Which of the following transportation developments opened the West to settlement and trade between 1790 and 1830?

(A) Turnpikes and canals
(B) Railroads and steamships
(C) Turnpikes and railroads
(D) Clipper ships and turnpikes
(E) Canals and railroads
Which of the following best describes the situation of freedmen in the decade following the Civil War?

(A) Each was given 40 acres of land and a mule by the Union Government.
(B) All were immediately granted political equality by the Emancipation Proclamation.
(C) The majority entered sharecropping arrangements with former masters or other nearby planters.
(D) They were required to pass a literacy test before being granted United States citizenship.
(E) They supported the passage of Black Codes to ensure their economic and political rights.
Which of the following was a serious constitutional question after the Civil War?

(A) The restoration of the power of the federal judiciary
(B) The legality of the national banking system
(C) The political and legal status of the former Confederate states
(D) The relationship between the United States and Britain
(E) The proposed annexation of Colombia
The Dutch settled New Netherland primarily to

(A) secure a refuge for the persecuted
(B) check the growth of English colonies in North America
(C) expand their commercial and mercantile network
(D) gain colonies to produce agricultural surpluses
(E) secure naval supplies
France negotiated a treaty of alliance with the new American nation in 1778 following

(A) the defeat of the British General Burgoy at Saratoga
(B) American naval victories on the Great Lakes
(C) the dispatch of an American peace mission to Britain
(D) an ultimatum by American diplomats
(E) a personal plea by George Washington
Which of the following is true of the case of "Marbury v. Madison"?

(A) It established that Congress had the sole right to formulate national legislation.
(B) It supported Thomas Jefferson in his claim to have "executive review."
(C) It backed William Marbury in his request for a bank charter.
(D) It affirmed the principle of judicial review.
(E) It determined the Senate's right to "advise and consent."
After the Revolution, the concept of the "republican mother" suggested that

(A) women would be responsible for raising their children, especially their sons, to be virtuous citizens of the young republic
(B) voting would soon become a privilege granted to educated and/or married women
(C) the first duty of mothers was to serve the needs of government
(D) wives and mothers would be welcome in the emerging political parties
(E) women's virtues had been the inspiration for the ideals of the Revolution
All of the following accurately describe Jefferson's purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France EXCEPT:;

(A) It opened the Mississippi River permanently to western farmers.
(B) It ended the threat of American Indian raids on western settlements.
(C) It was made possible by the failure of Napoleon's forces to suppress a slave revolt in Haiti.
(D) It showed Jefferson's considerable flexibility in dealing with foreign policy.
(E) It violated Jefferson's own views concerning the strict construction of the Constitution.
President Jackson resisted the admission of Texas into the Union in 1836 primarily because he

(A) acknowledged the legitimacy of the Mexican government's claims to Texas
(B) feared the debate over the admission of Texas would ignite controversy about slavery
(C) was ideologically opposed to territorial expansion
(D) could find no support within his own party for admitting Texas
(E) believed that admitting Texas would violate international law
The Republican party originated in the mid-1850's as a sectional party committed to which of the following?

(A) Opposition to the further extension of slavery into the territories
(B) Immediate emancipation of the slaves
(C) Repeal of Whig economic policies
(D) Restriction of immigration
(E) Acknowledgement of popular sovereignty as the basis for organizing federal territories.
In which of the following British North American colonies was slavery legally established by the early 1700's?

(A) The southern colonies only
(B) The middle and southern colonies only
(C) The tobacco- and rice-growing colonies only
(D) All the colonies except Pennsylvania and the New England colonies
(E) All the colonies
In the United States, the Haitian rebellion of the 1790's prompted

(A) the acquisition of Puerto Rico for colonization by emancipated slaves
(B) a movement of free African Americans to Haiti
(C) the passage of a federal law increasing the severity of punishments for slave rebellions
(D) an increased fear of slave revolts in the South
(E) a military expedition of southern slaveholders to restore French rule in Haiti
Which of the following statements about African American soldiers during the Civil War is correct?

(A) They were primarily engaged in military campaigns west of the Mississippi.
(B) They were limited to noncombat duty.
(C) They were barred from receiving awards for valor in combat.
(D) For the most of the war, they were paid less than White soldiers of equal rank.
(E) For most of the war, they were led by African American officers.
Prior to the Civil War, a transformation occurred in the workforce of the New England textile mills as New England farm girls were replaced by

(A) French-Canadian immigrants
(B) freed African Americans from the South
(C) Irish immigrants
(D) German immigrants
(E) Italian immigrants
Which of the following was true of the United States Constitution as adopted at the Constitutional Convention?

(A) It was built on a series of compromises.
(B) It provided exact specifications covering all aspects of government.
(C) It was a revised version of the English Constitution.
(D) it included a Bill of Rights.
(E) It allowed all male citizens over the age of twenty-one to vote.
The Jefferson administration advocated which of the following changes as a means of restoring republican ideals?

(A) Abolishing the bank of the Bank of the United States
(B) Reducing the scope of activities of the federal government
(C) Discontinuing the funding of state debts
(D) Increasing the size of the United States military
(E) Adopting the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions at the national level
The Wilmost Proviso specifically provided for

(A) the prohibition of slavery in Louisiana Purchase territory
(B) the primacy of federal law over state-legislated Black Codes
(C) the abolition of the international slave trade
(D) the prohibition of slavery in lands acquired from Mexico in the Mexican War
(E) federal return of fugitive slaves
The majority of White families in the antebellum South owned

(A) more than 100 slaves
(B) 50 to 100 slaves
(C) 10 to 50 slaves
(D) 2 to 10 slaves
(E) no slaves
The Missouri Compromise did which of the following?

(A) Prohibited slavery in all the territory of the Louisiana Purchase.
(B) Provided for admission to the Union of all future states in pairs of one free, on slave.
(C) Allowed Main to enter the Union as a free state.
(D) Finally settled the question of congressional power over slavery in the territories.
(E) Provided for the annexation of Texas.
All of the following contributed to discontent among soldiers in the Continental Army EXCEPT:

(A) Most soldiers were draftees.
(B) The soldier feared for the welfare of families back home.
(C) The army had inadequate arms and ammunition.
(D) The army paid soldiers in depreciated paper money.
(E) The army was inadequately fed and clothed.
Alexander Hamilton's financial program was most favorable to

(A) western farmers
(B) war veterans
(C) southern planters
(D) eastern bankers
(E) state bankers
The goal of the American Colonization Society was to

(A) return freed slaves to Africa
(B) recruit immigrant labor for American factories
(C) assimilate recent immigrants into American society
(D) extend United States influence to overseas colonies
(E) promote western expansion by funding internal improvements
Which of the following principles was established by the Dred Scott decision?

(A) Congress could abolish slavery at will.
(B) national legislation could not limit the spread of slavery in the territories.
(C) The rights of all people are protected by the Constitution.
(D) Slaves residing in a free state automatically became free.
(E) Through squatter sovereignty, a territory had the sole right to determine the status of slavery within its territorial limits.
The Compromise of 1850 did which of the following?

(A) Admitted Texas to the Union as a slave state.
(B) Admitted California to the Union under the principles of popular sovereignty.
(C) Prohibited slavery in the District of Columbia
(D) Enacted a stringent fugitive slave law.
(E) Adjusted the Texas-Mexico Boundary.
Which of the following was true of most Puritans who emigrated to seventeenth-century New England?

(A) They had renounced the Church of England
(B) They rejected the authority of the English king.
(C) They considered themselves non-Separatists.
(D) They approved of the the Crown's religious policy.
(E) They intended to return eventually to England.
"The Federalist" papers challenged the conventional political wisdom of the eighteenth century when they asserted that

(A) a republican form of government could succeed only in small countries.
(B) limitations on the popular will led to tyranny.
(C) a weak central government was the only guarantee of individual rights
(D) a large republic offered the best protection of minority rights
(E) political parties were crucial to the success of the new government
Which of the following statements about Africans brought as slaves to the British North American colonies is true?

(A) They were the primary labor for plantations in the Chesapeake by 1630.
(B) They had a much lower life expectancy in the Chesapeake than in South Carolina or the West Indies.
(C) They greatly outnumbered Europeans in every colony south of the Mason-Dixon Line by 1776.
(D) They maintained cultural practices brought from Africa.
(E) They were the primary labor source in Pennsylvania until 1720.
Pickney's Treaty with Spain is considered a diplomatic highlight of Washington's administration because it

(A) allowed the United States to use the port of New Orleans
(B) ceded Florida to the United States
(C) invited Americans to settle in Texas
(D) opened Spanish Caribbean ports to American trade
(E) withdrew Spain's military forces from the Caribbean
The immediate effect of Andrew Jackson's attack on the Second Bank of the United States in 1834 was

(A) the creation of the "independent treasury"
(B) an expansion of credit and speculation
(C) the failure of state banks
(D) the establishment of modern banking regulations
(E) the creation of a federal deficit
The primary purpose of the Proclamation of 1763 was to

(A) encourage westward colonial migration
(B) avoid conflict with the trans-Appalachian Indians
(C) gain much-needed revenue
(D) drive out French colonists
(E) provide a haven for Catholics
By the 1750's, the British colonies on the North American mainland were characterized by all of the following EXCEPT:

(A) disdain for British constitutional monarchy
(B) many religious denominations
(C) a society without a hereditary aristocracy
(D) a growing number of non-English settlers
(E) acceptance of slavery as a labor system
"Let Southern oppressors tremble . . . . I shall strenuously contend for immediate enfranchisement . . . . I will be as harsh as truth and as uncompromising as justice."

(A) John C. Calhoun
(B) Stephen A. Douglas
(C) Henry Clay
(D) Abraham Lincoln
(E) William L. Garrison
A (...Rider said E)
The "Three-Fifths Compromise" originally contained in the Constitution referred to the

(A) proportion of states permitted to practice slavery
(B) rate at which one slave counted toward congressional representation
(C) number of African Americans who could vote
(D) number of adult women who could vote
(E) number of American Indians allowed citizenship
Which of the following best explains why Massachusetts Bay officials banished Anne Hutchinson?

(A) She challenged gender roles and Puritan orthodoxy.
(B) She was found guilty of practicing witchcraft.
(C) She preached the doctrine of predestination.
(D) She gave birth to a child out of wedlock.
(E) She opened an unlicensed tavern.
Parliament enacted the Stamp Act (1765) primarily to

(A) regulate trade between the colonies and European nations
(B) strengthen the communication network within the colonies
(C) raise revenue to pay for British troops in the colonies
(D) regulate commercial activity within colonies
(E) control population movement to the colonial backcountry
Perfectionism in the mid-nineteenth century is best defined as

(A) improvement in the manners of the lower classes
(B) faith in human capacity to achieve a better life on earth through conscious acts of will
(C) the rewards of church membership and regular attendance at Sunday services
(D) allegiance to the political tenets of Jacksonian Democracy
(E) belief in the inevitability of economic progress
Shays' Rebellion frightened many Americans when

(A) city mobs raided flour supplies in Philadelphia
(B) debt-ridden farmers attacked courts in western Massachusetts
(C) Indians raided frontier settlements in Virginia
(D) squatters terrorized proprietors in New York
(E) vigilantes in South Corolina patrolled the frontier
Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in the New World, was founded by

(A) three aristocratic proprietors seeking private gain
(B) a joint stock company anxious to return a profit to investors
(C) Sir Walter Raleigh, wishing to gain favor with Elizabeth I
(D) King James I, eager to gain a base for expeditions against Spanish shipping
(E) John Smith, seeking to spread Christianity
The Kentucky and Virginia resolutions, the Hartford Convention, and the South Carolina Exposition and Protest were similar in that all involved defense of

(A) freedom of the seas
(B) freedom of speech
(C) the institution of slavery
(D) states' rights
(E) presidential power in foreign affairs
Which of the following best describes the position on slavery of most northerners during the sectional crises of the 1850's?

(A) They were willing to accept slavery where it existed but opposed further expansion to the territories.
(B) They were active supporters of complete abolition.
(C) They favored continued importation of slaves from Africa.
(D) They advocated expansion of the slave system to provide cheap labor for northern factories.
(E) They advocated complete social and political equality for all races in the United States.
"In the new Code of Laws which I suppose it would be necessary for you to make I desire you would Remember the Ladies"

(A) Judith Sargent Murray
(B) Abigail Adams
(C) Philip Freneau
(D) Mercy Otis Warren
(E) Thomas Paine
Under the Articles of Confederation the United States central government had no power to

(A) levy taxes
(B) make treaties
(C) declare war
(D) request troops from states
(E) amend the Articles
Which of the following is a true statement about the Treaty of Paris that ended the American Revolutionary War?

(A) It resulted in the return of all property confiscated from Loyalists by individual American states during the war.
(B) It recognized United States sovereignty over territory east of the Mississippi, between the Great Lakes in Florida.
(C) It led to the speedy withdrawal of all British troops from American soil.
(D) American negotiators consistently followed the guidelines specified by the Continental Congress
(E) The only parties to the treaty were Great Britain and the allied nations, the United States, and France.
Members of the Hudson River School were best known for their paintings of

(A) portraits
(B) battle scenes
(C) sporting scenes
(D) landscapes
(E) still lifes
The first attempt to apply the doctrine of popular sovereignty in determining the status of slavery occurred in

(A) Texas
(B) California
(C) Kansas
(D) Missouri
(E) Oregon
The Constitutional Convention designed the electoral college to

(A) strengthen the legislative branch against the executive branch
(B) strengthen the executive branch against the legislative branch
(C) ensure the independence of the judiciary
(D) protect the sovereignty of the states
(E) insulate the presidency from the popular will
Which of the following achievements of the "carpetbag" governments survived the "Redeemer" administrations?

(A) Participation by both Whites and African Americans in local government
(B) Establishment of a public school system
(C) Election of African American majorities to state legislatures
(D) Establishment of a vigorous Republican Party in the South
(E) Opening of public facilities to African Americans
Which of the following is true of the slave system in eighteenth-century British North America?

(A) The slave system was legal only in the southern colonies.
(B) Indentured servants increasingly replaced slaves in the southern colonies.
(C) Slave owners gained increased legal power over their slaves.
(D) Most slaves worked on cotton plantations.
(E) All the southern colonies passed laws against freeing slaves.
The American Colonization Society was established in the early nineteenth century with the goal of

(A) encouraging immigration from Ireland and Germany
(B)encouraging Chinese contract laborers to emigrate to the United States
(C) settling White Americans on western lands
(D) settling American Indians on reservations
(E) transporting African Americans to Africa
Which of the following groups was LEAST likly to respond with enthusiasm to the religious fervor of the Great Awakening in the 1730's and 1740's?

(A) Established merchants in cities like Boston and Philadelphia
(B) Presbyterians in the southern colonies
(C) Backwoods farmers isolated on the colonial frontier
(D) Landless sons in New England communities
(E) Itinerant preachers unable to find permanent parishes for themselves
The Northwest Ordinances did which of the following?

(A) Provided for the annexation of the Oregon Territory.
(B) Established reservations for Native Americans.
(C) Granted settlers a free homestead of 160 acres.
(D) Established the terms for settlement and admission of new states.
(E) Banned slavery north of 36°30′ line.
Daniel Webster's address to the Senate in 1830 in reply to Senator Hayne is best remembered for its

(A) attack on the Tariff of Abominations
(B) defense of the principle of national union
(C) assertion of the idea of States' rights
(D) apology for New England's disloyalty in the War of 1812
(E) praise for President Andrew Jackson
In the Colonial period, Quakers were known for all of the following EXCEPT their

(A) acceptance of a greater role for women in public worship
(B) opposition to the institution of slavery
(C) advocacy of freedom of worship
(D) refusal to pay taxes
(E) refusal to bear arms
The Battle of Antietam, September 17, 1862, is considered pivotal to the outcome of the Civil War because it

(A) represented the Union's deepest thrust into southern territory
(B) forestalled the possibility of European intervention
(C) resulted in the border states joining the Confederacy
(D) marked the first use of Black troops by the Union army.
(E) confirmed George McClellan's status as the leading Union general
Which of the following was a characteristic of colonial Pennsylvania?

(A) There was no established church.
(B) Founder William Penn endorsed a policy of removing American Indians to the western region of the colony.
(C) Poor farmland in the back country aggravated the colony's economic woes.
(D) All White males could vote.
(E) The office of governor was an elective post.
<<Look in 2006 pkt, #77, pg. 33>>
The illustration above was most likely meant to symbolize which of the following?

(A) The principles of republican agrarianism
(B) Improvements in agricultural technology
(C) Popular sovereignty
(D) Large-scale Plains farming
(E) The cult of domesticity
Although Congress accepted most of Alexander Hamilton's economic proposals, it rejects his

(A) Report on the Public Credit
(B) call for direct subsidies to manufacturers
(C) plans for a Bank of the United States
(D) call for a whiskey tax
(E) call for a tariff
In adopting the Fourteenth Amendment Congress was primarily concerned with

(A) protecting the powers of the southern state governments established under Andrew Johnson
(B) protecting legislation guaranteeing civil rights to former slaves
(C) ending slavery
(D) guaranteeing all citizens the right to vote
(E) establishing the Freedman's Bureau