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History Of Law Enforcement
Terms in this set (22)
In 1829, English Parliament mandated a publicly funded police force throughout England. They became known as the "bobbies."
Local level individuals who assisted the shire reeve and organized posses to chase and apprehend criminals
A form of community policing instituted by King William in 1066.
In the Frankpledge System, every male over twelve years of age was required to form a group of ten families called a "tithing."
Sir Robert Peel
A member of the English Parliament in 1829, who led the mandating of a publicly funded police force throughout England via the London Metropolitan Police Act. He advocated the 12 principles of policing.
Ten "tithings" were grouped together to form a hundred, and these consolidated groups were called shires
A London magistrate who, in 1748 formed a group of law enforcement agents to apprehend criminals and recover stolen property from the entertainment district. They were called the "Bow Street Runners."
Justice of the Peace
in 1326, the shire reeve was replaced with the office of the justice of the peace.
Night Watch System
In England, the night watch system provided citizens with protection from crime. During times of duress, the men on watch would raise the hue and cry to summon assistance from the citizens of the community, or in the case of a larger community, from others already on watch. The watch standers were equipped with various signaling devices, including belts, ratchets, and rattles.
The top law enforcement official, who was the forerunner of the American sheriff
Another name for the "bobbies" because of Sir Robert Peel's influence in creating the force
The Greek word that "police" is derived from
Pharaoh Hur Moheb
Established the first recorded police organization in Egypt around 1340 B.C.
The most visible representatives of the criminal justice system; typically citizens' most common and direct contact with law enforcement
Entrusted to serve and protect the public, and to control and prevent crime
1840's to 1920's: the period when police agencies were first established to provide a unified law enforcement force in the major American cities
Wanted to take law enforcement out of politics, introduce modern technology to make law enforcement more efficient and establish police administrative boards that were responsible for appointing police administrators and controlling police affairs
1920's to 1970's: the period when there was a call for the establishment of measures to assist law enforcement agencies to improve their effectiveness and become more professional
Community Model Era
1970's to the present: the period when it was advocated for law enforcement to move away from the crime-fighting focus of law enforcement towards a greater emphasis on maintaining order and providing service to the community
Was known as the most famous police reformer in the early part of the twentieth century. He believed the police should be a professional force.
A system that used political power to hire supporters and fire those considered disloyal. This led to a period of incompetent, corrupt, and disliked police force.
A student of Vollmer's who advocated for law enforcement agencies to employ technological advances, such as motorized patrols, effective radio communications, and rapid response to aid effective crime fighting
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
AJ 1 Ch. 5
Culpable Mental States
Criminal Law - Crimes against Property
Law -- ethics
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