History Alive Chapter 9
The Constitution and Bill of Rights
Terms in this set (35)
The idea the authority of government comes from the people. "We the People."
The law making part of government called the legislature.
Having two law-making parts. Latin for "two rooms."
The part of government that "executes" (carries out) the laws.
The part of government, consisting of the Supreme Court and lower federal courts, that interprets the laws.
Checks and balances
The system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches.
Gives Congress the flexibility to do its job. Congress may "make all laws which shall be necessary and proper" carry out its other powers.
A proposed law.
a presidential rejection of a proposed bill
Asking a higher court to review a case.
The constitutional system that shares power between the national and state governments.
The power to decide whether laws and actions by the legislative and executive branches conflict with the Constitution.
An organized political group.
An organization that actively promotes the views of some part of the public on specific issues.
Declares the constitution, laws, and treaties of the federal government to be the "supreme law of the land" to which judges in every state are bound regardless of state law to the contrary
Ratification by the States
3/4 of the states must ratify (approve) an amendment before it can become law.
The act of changing of or adding to a motion, bill, constitution, etc.
Three Branches of Government
Number of Senators each state has in the US Senate?
Number of representatives each state has in the House of Representatives.
Based on each states' population.
Term of office for a US Senator
Term of office for a member of the House of Representatives
Term of office for the President
Who is the Commander-in-Chief of our Military?
The introduction to the Constitution. "We the People."
How do Supreme Court Justices get their job?
Appointed by the President, with approval of the US Senate.
What does it take to change the Constitution?
Who can propose an Amendment?
1. Congress: Proposed by 2/3 vote of each house of Congress, or
2. States: National Convention called by Congress from 2/3 of legislature of all states.
How does an Amendment become part of the Constitution?
1. Amendment is ratified by 3/4 of the state legislatures, or
2. Amendment is ratified by 3/4 of the state conventions.
What is "We the People"
Power comes from the legal citizens of the US.
What does "To form a more perfect Union" mean?
Building a country that could take advantage of the strengths of the states working together.
What does "establish justice" mean?
To be ruled by laws, not by the power of soldiers or kings.
What does "insure domestic tranquility" mean?
Peace and order.
What does "provide for the common defense" mean?
The national government would protect Americans from foreign invaders.
What does "promote the general welfare" mean.
The government can support an economy and society where people can prosper.