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Journalist who headed Committee on Public Info. Created propaganda to get people willing to go to war. too good oversold Wilson's ideals - world expected too much
Scheck v US (1919)
Supreme Court ruled freedom of speech can be revoked when such speech poses a clear and present danger
headed Food Administration (hero bec. he led massive food drive to feed starving in Belgium). Wage propaganda campaign to get people to ratio food - save food for export
Henry Cabot Lodge
Republican chairman of Senate Committee on Foreign Relations - wasn't asked to go to peace talks, tried to defeat treaty of Versaille by reading 26 page document aloud in congresWislons
Warren G Harding
Republican Presidential Candidate - affable & malleable Ohioan, wealthy, back slapping small town newspaper editor, said he would work for a vague Association of Nations (not a League) voted in by women
James M. Cox
Democratic Candidate 1920 election - Governor of Ohio - supported League (FDR was his running mate)
France demanded coal-rich German inhabited Rhineland & Saar Valley. Wilson opposed bec. it would violate their self determination
Only way Americans could get an army - military draft required registration of all males age 18-45,
League of Nations
international organization that Wilson dreamed would provided a system of collective security
Industrial Workers of the World
Wobblies - Industrial Workers of the World (aka I won't works) did not support war, these workers victims of worst working conditions in country (fruit & lumber)
Communists in Russia, seized power in 1917, retreated from war in 1918 allowing Germans to fight France in West
Wilson, Vittorio Orlando of Italy, George Clemenceau of France, David Lloyd George of Britain
William Borah of Idaho & Hiram Johnson of CA, militant isolationists, opposed League of Nations -their opposition was good for Allied adversaries, gave them stronger bargaining position
Treaty of Versailles
only 4 of Wilson's 14 points were honored, Vengence was tone not reconciliation. Made Wilson a fallen idol, condemned by liberals and imperialists alike
Industrial Workers of the World (aka I won't works) did not support war, these workers victims of worst working conditions in country (fruit & lumber)
National War Labor Board
headed by WilliamTaft - headed off labor disputes that might hamper war effort
1919 Steel strike
greatest strike in history, 250 thous strike to get owners to recognize their right to organize, owners brought in 30,000 African americans to break strike
Nat'l American Woman Suffrage Association
supported the war, argued women take part in war effort to earn role in shaping te peace
St. Hihiel &Meuse-Argonne offensive
Two major battles fought by Amerians - MEuse -ARgonne largest battle in American history (lasted 47 days 1.2 million American troops)
Paris Peace Conference
little more than old prewar colonialism, land divided up amongst victors, Wilson's #1 goal was to establish League of Nations
France compromised on demand for Rhineland in exchange Britain & US promised to come to France's aid if Germany ever invaded again
controversial, alarmed congress bec. it morally bound US to aid any member victimized by external agression
Wilson toured country looking for support of treaty, embraced in Rocky Mtn region & Pacific coast, had a stroke in Pueblo Colorado
Republican plan for Treaty
tried to postpone it at first then wanted to ammend the treaty. Wilson fought back from his sick bed called upon all Democrats
14 formal reservations put forth by Senator Lodge -reserve right for Congreess to declare war
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