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82 terms

APUSH Unit 5

From the American Pageant 11th edition (all similar)
STUDY
PLAY
Price Discrimination
changing prices to hurt certain crowd
U-Boats
Germany military submarines used in WWI
Indemnity
payment as compensation for a loss like in war.
Imperialsim
the policy in which stronger nations extend their economic, polical, or military control over weaker territories
Fourteen Points
Wilson's peace plan assuring confidence in WWI "A war to end all wars"
League of Nations
An organization of nations proposed by Wilson, formed after World War I to promote cooperation and peace preventing further wars.
Self-Determination
the right for all peoples to determine their own economic, social and cultural development.
Capstone Point
idea for a general association of nations formed to make mutual agreements.
1st Point
Open covenants of Peace--No more secret treaties--
2nd Point
Freedom of navigation--you can sail 14 miles from a country unrestrictively.
3rd Point
Equality of trade--no secret trade negotiations
4th Point
National armamanets reduced to minimum for domestic safety--no huge armies
Central Powers
Side of WWI consisting of Germany, Bulgaria, Austria-Hungary and Ottoman empire
Allie Powers
Side of WWI consisting of Great Britian, France, U.S., and Russia
Spheres of Influence
areas in which countries have some political and economic control but do not govern directly
Espionage Act
1917 act gave the government new ways to combat spying
Sedition Act of 1918
Attempt to control morale, it forbade Americans from using disloyal language about U.S. Gov't.
Doughboys
A nickname for the inexperienced but fresh American soldiers during WWI
18th ammendment
Prohibited the manufacture, sale and transport of alcoholic beverages
19th ammendment
Adopted in 1920, gave women the right to vote
Collective Bargaining
Negotiation between an employer and 1 or more trade union often relating to past results
Steel Strike of 1919
Largest strike; work stoppage that began when some 365,000 steelworkers in Pennsylvania walked off the job to demand recognition of their union, higher wages, and shorter hours
Conscientious objector
one who refuses to serve in the armed forces on grounds of morals
George Creel
Propagandist who headed the Committee on Public Information, for promoting the war effort in WWI
Woodrow Wilson
American President during WWI - had 14 point plan - key figure in League of Nations
AF of L
A labor union created by Samuel Gompers that was the ONLY labor union that only accepted skilled workers
African Americans
Often strike breakers or replacement workers who migrated North during WWI.
Opium Wars
War between Britain and China, over opium trade ending with the opening of 5 chinese ports to foreign merchants, and the grant of other commercial and diplomatic privileges, giving room for exploitation.
Open Door Policy
No Gov't can prohibit commerce from another gov't, issued with China Affair.
Boxer Rebellion
Group of chinese banded together to throw out "foreign devils". Lead to more troops being sent.
Russo Japanese War
War between Russia and Japan (collision of empires) out of rival imperial ambitions for Manchuria and Korea
Battle of Tsushima
May 1905, the japanese's navy surprised a Russian fleet unprepared and wiped them.
Theodore Roosevelt
26th pres, leader of Rough Riders and hero of Spanish American War, known for big stick quote.
Cowboy diplomacy
Pejorative term used to describe resolution of international conflicts with risk, force and or military.
Bad Neighbor policy
Twist on TR's policy, L. America irritated at US' imposing sphere of influence in the Caribbean Sea
Panama Canal
Built to improve trade with Pacific and Atlantic coasts, greatly reducing time.
Yellow Journalism
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensationalism and attract readers
Fascism
a political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition
London Conference
1933--66 nations tried to develop solution to Great Depression ;; failed to produce results & strengthened American isolationism
Tydings-McDuffie Act
provided independence for Philippines after 12 years of economic and political guarding. (Navy bases stayed)
Seventh Pan-American Conference
Where FDR renounced the Roosevelt Corollary in Latin America.
Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act
1934 activated low-tariff policies ;; for relief & recovery ;; boosted American trade ;; amended Hawley-Smoot by lowering rates 50% provided that others do the same
Cordell Hull
Secretary of State under FDR, founder of the UN, believed trade was two way street.
Joseph Stalin
Communist dictator of the Soviet Union
Benito Mussolini
Italian fascist dictator who attacked ethiopia in 1935.
Adolf Hitler
German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945)
Hideki Tojo
Japan's prime minister. ordered attack on pearl harbor
Johnson Debt Default Act
1934 forbade any countries that still owed the U.S. money from borrowing any more cash
Nye Committee
1934 investigated if munitions manufacturers were pro-war to make $
Neutrality Acts
series of laws passed by Congress in 1935 that banned arms sales or loans to countries at war
Francisco Franco
Fascist leader of the Spanish revolution, helped by Hitler and Mussolini
Japan
Invade China in 1937, but FDR didn't consider it war.
Quarantine Speech
Speech that marks turning point in US policy from isolationism to interventionism. FDR condemning Fascism as a disease needing embargoes to be quarantined.f
Munich Conference
Allies met giving Hitler Sudetenland, if he left Czechloslavakia, instead he took both.
The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact
The Treaty of non-aggression between German and the Soviet Union.
Neutrality Act of 1939
allowed European democracies to buy war materials on a "cash-and-carry" basis
Finland
Soviet Union took over this country despite $30 Million from US for non-military purposes.
The Phony War
ended when Hitler took over Denmark and Norway, then Netherlands and Belgium, then France.
Havana Conference
U.S. warned Germany it could not take over colonies in Americas. Shared Monroe Doctrine.
America First Committee
Propoganda group said US should focus energy on protecting its shores.
Destroyers for Bases Agreement
FDR gave Britain 50 destroyers for 8 naval bases.
Wendell Willkie
lost in 1940 election giving FDR 1st' 3rd term.
Lend-Lease Act
1941: allowed limitless supplies to Britain.
Atlantic Conference
FDR met with Churchill and created the Atlantic Charter discussing world state after war.
Shoot-on-site policy
Issued after the "Greer" was attacked from underneath.
Japanese Embargo
issue late 1940, gave Japan 2 choices, back out or fight US.
Pearl Harbor
Hawaii base surprise bombed by japan on December 7, 1941, which eagered America to enter the war
James G. Blaine
SOS in two administrations, Harrison and Garfield, and urged Big Sister Policy to LA.
Valparaiso
Where two Americans were killed, forcing Chile to pay indemnity, almost war.
McKinley Tariff
Brought sugar/economic problems urging U.S. to Annex Hawaii.
Spanish American War
In 1898, a conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the U.S. supported the Cubans' fight for independence
Hearst
United States newspaper publisher whose introduction of large headlines and sensational reporting changed American journalism (1863-1951)
USS Maine
Battleship sent to Cuba for protection, exploded killing 260. Feb 15 '98
The Teller Amendment
In response to McKinley's war message, developed clause that US could not annex cuba.
George Dewey
a United States naval officer remembered for his victory at Manila Bay in the Spanish-American War
Battle of San Juan Hill
Victory by the Rough Riders, key Battle in Span-American war. (US 3 times the casualties, mostly blacks)
Insular Cases
Supreme Court declared Constitution didn't extend to Philippines and Puerto Rico.
Platt Ammendment
allowed the U.S. to intervene in Cuba and gave the U.S. control of the naval base at Guantanamo Bay
Anti-Imperialist League
Group formed after Treaty of Paris, wanting Filipino freedom.
Foraker Act
Gave Puerto Rico limited popular gov't and later full citizenship.
Treaty of Paris of 1898
Ended Spanish-American War, giving US Guam and Puerto Rico, + U.S. payed 20 Million for Phillipines, and Spain assumed Debt of Cuba (400$Mill.)
Battle of Manila Bay
Lead by George Dewey, A decisive defeat killing 400 without a single death.