the policy in which stronger nations extend their economic, polical, or military control over weaker territories
League of Nations
An organization of nations proposed by Wilson, formed after World War I to promote cooperation and peace preventing further wars.
the right for all peoples to determine their own economic, social and cultural development.
Spheres of Influence
areas in which countries have some political and economic control but do not govern directly
Sedition Act of 1918
Attempt to control morale, it forbade Americans from using disloyal language about U.S. Gov't.
Negotiation between an employer and 1 or more trade union often relating to past results
Steel Strike of 1919
Largest strike; work stoppage that began when some 365,000 steelworkers in Pennsylvania walked off the job to demand recognition of their union, higher wages, and shorter hours
Propagandist who headed the Committee on Public Information, for promoting the war effort in WWI
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A labor union created by Samuel Gompers that was the ONLY labor union that only accepted skilled workers
War between Britain and China, over opium trade ending with the opening of 5 chinese ports to foreign merchants, and the grant of other commercial and diplomatic privileges, giving room for exploitation.
Group of chinese banded together to throw out "foreign devils". Lead to more troops being sent.
Russo Japanese War
War between Russia and Japan (collision of empires) out of rival imperial ambitions for Manchuria and Korea
Battle of Tsushima
May 1905, the japanese's navy surprised a Russian fleet unprepared and wiped them.
26th pres, leader of Rough Riders and hero of Spanish American War, known for big stick quote.
Pejorative term used to describe resolution of international conflicts with risk, force and or military.
Bad Neighbor policy
Twist on TR's policy, L. America irritated at US' imposing sphere of influence in the Caribbean Sea
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensationalism and attract readers
a political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition
1933--66 nations tried to develop solution to Great Depression ;; failed to produce results & strengthened American isolationism
provided independence for Philippines after 12 years of economic and political guarding. (Navy bases stayed)
Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act
1934 activated low-tariff policies ;; for relief & recovery ;; boosted American trade ;; amended Hawley-Smoot by lowering rates 50% provided that others do the same
Johnson Debt Default Act
1934 forbade any countries that still owed the U.S. money from borrowing any more cash
series of laws passed by Congress in 1935 that banned arms sales or loans to countries at war
Speech that marks turning point in US policy from isolationism to interventionism. FDR condemning Fascism as a disease needing embargoes to be quarantined.f
Allies met giving Hitler Sudetenland, if he left Czechloslavakia, instead he took both.
Neutrality Act of 1939
allowed European democracies to buy war materials on a "cash-and-carry" basis
The Phony War
ended when Hitler took over Denmark and Norway, then Netherlands and Belgium, then France.
U.S. warned Germany it could not take over colonies in Americas. Shared Monroe Doctrine.
FDR met with Churchill and created the Atlantic Charter discussing world state after war.
Hawaii base surprise bombed by japan on December 7, 1941, which eagered America to enter the war
James G. Blaine
SOS in two administrations, Harrison and Garfield, and urged Big Sister Policy to LA.
Spanish American War
In 1898, a conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the U.S. supported the Cubans' fight for independence
United States newspaper publisher whose introduction of large headlines and sensational reporting changed American journalism (1863-1951)
The Teller Amendment
In response to McKinley's war message, developed clause that US could not annex cuba.
a United States naval officer remembered for his victory at Manila Bay in the Spanish-American War
Battle of San Juan Hill
Victory by the Rough Riders, key Battle in Span-American war. (US 3 times the casualties, mostly blacks)
allowed the U.S. to intervene in Cuba and gave the U.S. control of the naval base at Guantanamo Bay
Treaty of Paris of 1898
Ended Spanish-American War, giving US Guam and Puerto Rico, + U.S. payed 20 Million for Phillipines, and Spain assumed Debt of Cuba (400$Mill.)