12 terms

Ancient Greece: People and Places

Chapter 6 of The Ancient World
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Zeus
King of the Greek gods and goddesses; ruler of the sky and storms; Lord of the Thunderbolt; protector of the law
Homer
Greek poet; credited with composing the epics the Iliad and Odyssey
(c. 800 B.C.)
Troy
ancient city in Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey); site of Trojan Wars.
Acropolis in Athens
Destroyed in 480 B.C.; rebuilt by Pericles. Site of the Parthenon
Pericles
Athenian leader; played a major role in the development of democracy and the growth of the Athenian empire
(c. 495 B.C. - 429 B.C.)
Parthenon
the chief temple of the Greek goddess Athena on the hill of the Acropolis in Athens, Greece
Achilles
mythical hero who did great deeds during the Trojan War; his story is told in the Iliad
Thales (THAY leez)
one of first Greek philosophers; believed that water was the basic material of the world
Democritus (dih MAHK ruh tus)
Greek philosopher that believed everything was made of tiny particles he called atoms.
Socrates
Athenian philosopher of the late 400s B.C.; taught through questioning; helped form many values of Western culture; was put to death for challenging Athenian values.
(c. 470 B.C. - 399 B.C.)
Battle of Marathon
site of major battle in Persian War when outnumbered Greeks defeated Persian army in 490 B.C.
Peloponnesian Wars
Conflict between Sparta and Athens that lasted 27 years (431 B.C. to 404 B.C.). Spartans were victorious; marked the end of Athens dominance in Greece.