A Midsummer Night's Dream
Information on the novel
Terms in this set (78)
What was the social structure like in Shakespeare's day?
2. King and Queen
3. Lords and Ladies
4. Middle Class (Trade)
5. Commoners/ Peasants/ Serfs
* Who your ancestors are distinguishes who you are and you very rarely may move up in social classes.
What was the role of the man in the family?
The man was the most important person in the family. He was the ruler of the wife and children. If the woman did not live up to the man's standards, the family was looked down upon.
How were the children viewed during Shakespeare's day?
The children were put under the care of the maids/ nannies during most of the day. For possibly an hour, they saw their parents. The children did not gain importance until a certain age. They even were required to eat at separate tables from their parents. In the lower class, the children ate the leftovers.
How was the theatre different during Shakespeare's day than it is today?
The theatre was very rowdy, loud and unsanitary. The people of higher class sat above(in the balcony) while the lower class were placed on the floor level/pit.
What was a grounding?
A groundling was a member of the lower class that was place on the floor level in the theatre. The were very loud,not polite, drank much ale, dirty, and reacted to the performance of the actors by yelling and throwing tomatoes, etc. if their performance did not please them.
What time of day did plays take place?
Plays were in the afternoon because at night, there was not any light.
When was Shakespeare Born?
He was baptized on April 26 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England. He died April 23 1616 (aged 52).
What are some key facts about his life?
-He was a playwright who wrote 37 plays who came from a rich middle class background.
-He created the Globe theater
-He married Anne Hathaway and had three kids.
-His acting company was called the King's Men
-He had a coat of arms
-He has a monument at Westminster Abbey
-He had a huge vocabulary
Who is Theseus?
Duke of Athens
Why is Theseus anxious for the rising of the new moon?
He is going to marry Hippolyta (in 4 days)
What does Theseus tell Philostrate to do?
Philostrate is charged with the duty of making all of the villiagers of Athens excited about Thesus' marriage. He is also sent to find entertainment
Why is Egeus angry?
Hermia wants to marry Lysander and refuses to marry Demetrius
Why has Egeus come to Theseus?
Egeus is angry because Hermia won't marry Demetrius and he wants Thesus's help to convince her and judge the case
What are your impressions of Hermia?
She is strong willed and doesnt give up without fight; stubborn and sassy
Whom does Hermia love?
Lysander, but she is supposed to love Demetrius.
What alternatives does Theseus offer Hermia?
to be a nun, die, or marry Demetrius
In what tone do you imagine Theseus presenting the alternatives of Hermia marrying Demetrius?
since he begs her to "examine well you blood" and "know of your youth" i think that he says these words in a manner that sounds like he is warning her, but not looking down upon her because he knows about true love (his hippolyta)
How does Hermia change during her time alone with Lysander?
When she's with her father = sassy and takes charge
With Lysander = soft and sweet, follows him
Where do Hermia and Lysander agree to meet that night? Why?
meet in the woods at Nimus's Tomb outside of Athens so they can run away together
What is the relationship between Hermia and Helena?
they are best friends but Helena is jealous of Hermia because Helena loves Demetrius but Demetrius wants Hermia
How does Helena betray the secret Hermia tells her? Why?
she plans to tell Demitrius so he will thank her and talk to her
Why do you suppose Egeus prefers Demitrius to Lysander?
Lysander openly denies Egeus, and Demetrius is polite in front of Egeus. Being the stronghold in the house, Egeus does not want to appear soft and change what he had already affirmed.
Do you think a father has the right to interfere in his daughter's love life?
In that day and age, yes it was his job and duty to make sure his daughter was pure when she married.
What is a foil?
Two characters who are complete opposites, their differences are usually highlighted
Who are literary foils in Act 1 of this book?
Hermia and Helena
What is the purpose of the meeting at Peter Quince's house?
he's the director of "Pyramus and Thisbe"/ giving out all the parts for Theseus and Hippolyta's wedding
Who is Nick Bottom?
a carpenter who played Pyramus and thought he was amazing
Why is the plot of "Pyramus and Thisbe" inappropriate for a wedding?
it speaks of the way in which two lovers secretly loved each other and then both committed suicide because they thought that he other was dead. SAD= BAD for a wedding
How are the characters Pyramus and Thisbe like Hermia and Lysander?
Hermia's love in not approved by Egeus, just like Pyramus and Thisbe were seperated by their parents' feud. They both sneak away at night to spend time with each other.
What part will Bottom play in "Pyramus and Thisbe"?
How do the names of the tradesmen fit their occupations?
Their last names are the names of their occupation or they describe the person. example: nick bottom= ass
What part will Snug play?
What is funny about Snug asking whether his lines will be written out?
Snug willl play a lion and all he has todo is rawr
When and where do the tradesmen plan to rehearse for "Pyramus and Thisbe?"
They plan to rehearse in the same woods that Hermia and Lysander will meet on the following night. (Same night that Hermia and Lysander will meet)
What do the others seem to think about Bottom?
They think that he is an amazing actor, but, Peter Quince especially, gets a bit frustrated at his attempts to control everyone's roles.
How does Bottom feel about himself?
Bottom also thinks that he is amazing, and does not attempt to hide this opinion. He is quite self centered and thinks that he can do everything.
When and why does Shakespeare use iambic pentameter?
When: used when uperclass, educated people speak.
Why: to show they are upperclass.
What is iambic pentameter?
pattern of unstressed followed by stressed syllable into 5 feet
What is prose?
When the lines of a play are written in normal paragraphs as opposed to iambic pentameter or similar; everyday talk
What is malapropism?
When characters misuse similar sounding words for humor.
What is an example of iambic pentameter, prose, or malapropism in Act One, Scene Two of a Midsummer Night's Dream?
"That will ask some tears in the true performing of it: if I do it, let the audience look to their eyes; I will move storms, I will condole in some measure." Act One, Scene 2; line 26
By what other names is Puck known?
What does the fairy tell Puck at the beginning of this scene? What warning does he give her, in turn?
The fairy tells Puck that Titania is coming.
He shouldnt let Titania and Oberon come in contact because they are mad, and the fairy needs to leave.
Why is Oberon angry with Titania? What reason does he give for wanting the boy?
Oberon wants the Indian boy...because he is from India which is magical. Being the husband, he believes that he should be able to receive what he wants because he is more important than his wife.
What sorts of tricks does Puck play on humans?
-old women falling of stools
-pretends to be a horse
-doesn't let the cream come out of milk
-spills things on people by hiding in their drink
Why is Titania jealous of Hippolyta? Of whom is Oberon jealous?
Titania liked Theseus and Oberon liked Hippolyta.
Who do Titania and Oberon blame for recent storms and floods? Who do you think id more to blame?
They blame themselves/each other. Oberon is to blame because Titania was told to care for the child by his mother.
According to Oberon, how did the pansy become magical? Why does he tell Puck to fetch the flower?
Cupid shot his bow, missed, and hit a pansy, turning it purple. The flower was now flu of love. Puck gets the flower to put its magical juices on Titania's eyes. The first person she sees and loves will most likely be a beast. Then, Oberon can take the child.
Who races after Demetrius in the woods? How does he try to stop her? What is Oberon's reaction when he sees the pursuit?
Helena chases after Demetrius. He tries to stop her by saying he will hurt her if she does not leave him alone. Oberon feels bad for Helena and tells Puck to put some juice in Demetrius' eyes.
Oberon tells Puck to dab whom on the eyelids with the magical nectar? Why? What does Oberon intend to do with the rest of the nectar?
Oberon tells Puck to put magical nectar in Titania's eyes because when she wakes up, she will see a beast and fall in love with it. He tells Puck to put the rest of the nectar in Demetrius' eyes so that he will love poor Helena.
What jobs does Titania send her fairies off to do?
Some will kill the worms infesting the rosebuds, some will fight with bats to get their leathery wings, some will keep that loud owl away. They'll sing her to sleep and then go off to their duties.
Why do the fairies sing charms for Titania?
To protect her from all harm while she is asleep and to help her go to sleep.
Why does Oberon pronounce a spell over Titania?
So that she will fall in love with the first thing she sees. He's hoping it will be a terrible beast.
Why does Lysander move away from Hermia before they sleep?
They want to behave "properly" because they aren't married yet.
On whose eyelids does Puck press the magic nectar?
What happens when Helena wakens Lysander? What does she think of his flattery?
He instantly falls in love with her because the nectar was put on him. She tries to tell him that Hermia loves him and he loves Hermia so he should be happy. She also thinks he is teasing when he compliments her.
What has Hermia been dreaming about?
She thought a snake was eating her heart while Lysander sat smiling and watching. aka she thought she didn't love Lysander anymore and Lysander didn't lover her.
Why does Hermia run off at the end of the scene?
Lysander is not there when she wakes up, so she goes off looking for him.
Why do you think Shakespeare has Hermia say to Lysander, before they fall asleep, that she wishes"the wisher's eyes be pressed"? What is ironic about that line?
It kind of foreshadows the events that are about to happen. It's ironic because Lysander gets the nectar "pressed" on his eyes by Puck.
Why is Bottom worried about the ladies in the audience? What solution does he offer?
He thinks the ladies will think that they are actually going to die, he wants to have his own prologue to tell them that they are not actually going to die.
What problem worries Snout? What solution does Bottom come up with?
That the ladies will be scared of the lion that he plays. Bottom says that he should also say he is not a real lion at the begginning of the play.
Why does Bottom propose looking at an almanac?
To see if they have a moon on the night of their play since Pyramus and Thisbe meet by moonlight.
Why does Quince decide to have Starveling carry a thornbrush?
To show he is the man in the moon because the man in the moon carried sticks so Starveling will carry sticks and a lantern to look like the moon.
How does Bottom propose that Snout make the part of the wall more realistic?
They take a man and cover him in plaster, loam or other rough fabric. The man must also hold his fingers open so that the lovers can look through it like a crack in the wall.
How does Puck play tricks on the actors in the wood?
Puck decides to watch the play, but soon gets bored and decides to turn Bottom's head into a donkey head because he is doing such a bad job of playing Pyramus.
How does Bottom react when he realizes that he has the head of an ass?
He does not know about it, so he feels like his friends are mocking him.
How does Titania react when she sees Bottom?
As Titania had the nectar from the pansy on her eyes, she fell instantly in love with Bottom, donkey head and all.
What orders does Titania give her four fairies to do?
Titania wants the fairies to care for Bottom, pamper him, feed him, and keep him in her chamber so that she can moon over him. She eventually also orders them to make him shut up when he talks extensively.
How is Quince's problem with the lighting of his play similar to Shakespeare's problem with the lighting of A Midsummer Night's Dream?
Both plays were held during daylight hours, meaning that there was no moonlight for the lovers to flee by. However, whereas Quince wanted moonlight at all parts of the play, Shakespeare would have wanted some semi darkness to represent the filtered light of the forest.
How does Oberon learn that Titania is in love with Bottom? How does he feel about that?
Oberon is very pleased with Puck for making Titania fall in love with such an ugly creature.He learns this information when he asks Puck about it.
How does Oberon realize that Puck has made a mistake and bewitched the wrong Athenian youth?
He sees demetrius come in still in love with Hermia instead of Helena.
What does Hermia think has happened to Lysander? Why does she think so?
Hermia thinks Lysander is dead or injured and she thinks that Demetrius has done this. Demetrius would have done this because they are rivals in love.
On whom does Oberon press the magical nectar now? Why?
Oberon attempts to achieve his original aim in putting the nectar on Demetrius' eyes.
How does Helena react when Demetrius declares his love? Why?
Helena already thought that Lysander was mocking her, so she believes that Demetrius' words are just another part of the same cruel joke.
Why do Hermia and Helena argue?
Helena think's Hermia is part of the trick(mocking) and Hermia thinks Helena stole Lysander.
Who challenges whom to a duel?
Lysander challenges Demetrius to a duel over their love for Helena.
What does Oberon order Puck to do to set things right on earth?
To lead Demetrius and Lysander away from each other by pretending to be the other. Then, once they are asleep to fix Lysander's eye's, making all our human leads think it was all a Midsummer Night's dream.
How does Oberon plan to set things right in the fairy world?
Oberon will go to the love-struck Titania and ask for the boy, as she will be so caught up in Bottom that she will not care either way. Then he will cure her and they will live happily ever after.