The American Constitution: Articles 1-7
Terms in this set (82)
The minimum number of members of an assembly or society that must be present at any of its meetings to make the proceedings of that meeting valid
The official record of the proceedings and debates of the United States Congress
A list of items found in Article I, Section 8 of the U.S. Constitution that set forth the authority of Congress
Authoritative actions that aren't specifically granted to Congress in the Constitution but are considered necessary to fulfill governmental duties.
To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution for the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this Constitution of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof.
An official count or survey of a population, typically recording various details of individuals.
A way to protect yourself from your debt
The exclusive legal right, given to an originator or an assignee to print, publish, perform, film, or record literary, artistic, or musical material, and to authorize others to do the same.
A government authority or license conferring a right or title for a set period, especially the sole right to exclude others from making, using, or selling an invention.
The unauthorized use or reproduction of another's work.
Writ of Habeas Corpus
The right not to be held in prison without first being charged for a specific crime; constitutional protection against unlawful inprisonment
The process of becoming a citizen
Bill of Attainder
An act of a legislature declaring a person o
Ex Post Facto Law
A law that makes an illegal act that was legal when committed
The process of bringing formal charges formal charges against a public official
A release from the penalty of an offense; a remission of penalty, as by a governor.
To reject, as when the President rejects a law passed by congress
An indirect veto of a legislative bill by the president or a governor by retaining the bill unsigned until it is too late for it to be dealt with during the legislative session.
Set aside; disregard; overrule; replace
A compromise between election of the President by a vote in Congress and election of the President by a popular vote of qualified citizen
A day legally established for the election of public officials
The first Tuesday of November
The part of the judicial system that is responsible for hearing and reviewing decisions from legal cases that have already been heard in a trial-level or other lower court.
The action of betraying someone or something.
The power, right, or authority to interpret and apply the law (Who has authority where)
The action of extraditing a person accused or convicted of a crime.
All laws made furthering the Constitution and all treaties made under the authority of the United States are the "supreme law of the land."
Convince people to vote a certain way
Where the trial and crime took place
Redrawing of district lines to keep a political party in power
The first to do something so everyone else can follow
- To make the laws
- Its powers include passing laws,
- Originating spending bills (House)
- Impeaching officials (Senate)
- Approving treaties (Senate).
Duties of the Legislative Branch
- Responsible for enforcing laws
- Its power is vested in the President.
Duties of the Executive Branch
- Length of term: 2 years
- Minimum age: 25 years old
- Residency Requirement: 7 years a citizen
- Citizen Requirement: Lives in the state
- Total members in congress: 435 members
- Total number from MA: 9 representatives
- Who represents Hingham?: Stephen Lynch
- Which Plan?: Virginia Plan
Qualifications for a member of the House of Representatives
- Length of term: 6 years
- Minimum age: 30 years old
- Residency Requirement: 9 years a citizen
- Citizen Requirement: Lives in the state
- Total members in congress: 100 members
- Total number from MA: 2 senators
- Who represents Hingham?: Elizabeth Warren & Ed Markey
- Which Plan?: New Jersey Plan
Qualifications for a member of the Senate
- Length of term: 4 years
- Minimum age: 35 years old
- Residency Requirement: 14 years a resident
- Citizen Requirement: Born in the USA
Qualifications for the President of the United States
If a bill has passed in both the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate and has been approved by the President, or if a presidential veto has been overridden, the bill becomes a law and is enforced by the government
(Introduced → house committee → house of representatives → senate committee → senate → President)
How does a bill become a law?
- Made up of 538 electors who cast votes to decide the President and Vice-President of the United States
- The candidate who receives a majority of electoral votes (270) wins the Presidency.
(The number 538 is the sum of the nation's 435 Representatives, 100 Senators, and 3 electors given to the District of Columbia.)
How does the Electoral Process work?
Elizabeth Warren & Ed Markey
Who are the Massachusetts Senators?
Who represents Hingham in the House of Representatives?
Name of Congressman from 8th District
Speaker of the house, minority leader, & majority leader
Officers of the House
Vice President (Mike Pence), Attorney General (Mitchel McConnell), President Pro Tempore (Orrin Hatch)
Officers of the Senate
The Senate is broken up into three equal groups, and only one-third of the senate faces reelection every two years. All members of the senate are elected to six-year terms
Explain how the Senate is a continuing body with a staggered election and why?
1: The President
2: The Vice President
3: Speaker of the House
4: President Pro Tempore
5: Secretary of State
First five jobs in order of Presidential Succession.
Bill Clinton & Andrew Jackson
Which 2 Presidents have been impeached?
Which President resigned
The justice that the President appoints has the same views as him/her
Special Duties of the Chief Justice
- The presidents legacy includes the supreme court
- As long as the justices are good, they can stay as long as they want
- They are above influence
- A way for the president to have a voice even after they leave the office
What is the importance of the President's role involving the Supreme Court and why is his legacy tied to it?
- 1 justice passed away; 2 may retire within the 4 years
- Trump will definitely be able to appoint 1 justice but may have a chance to appoint 2 more
- There will then be more republican views than democratic ones
Why are we discussing the Supreme Court today?
Kagan, Scalia (deceased), Kennedy, Ginsburg, Alito, Thomas, Breyer, Roberts, Sotomayor
9 justices of court
The Congress with a two-thirds majority vote in both the House of Representatives and the Senate or by a constitutional convention called for by two-thirds of the State legislatures.
Process of Proposing an Amendment
After being officially proposed, either by Congress or a national convention of the states, a constitutional amendment must then be ratified by the legislatures of, or by ratifying conventions, in at least three-fourths of the states.
Process of Ratifying an Amendment
Preamble, The Articles, The Amendments
3 sections of the Constitution
Congress- Legislative Branch
The President- Executive Branch
Supreme Court- Judicial Branch
Deals with relations between the states
Provides a process to amend the Constitution
If the federal government makes a law, no states can change it
Sets up a procedure for the states to ratify the constitution
- Formal changes to the constitution, adding new ideas, or repealing other parts of the constitution
- Only 27 have been made
- First 10, The Bill of Rights, were added in 1791
Speaker of the House
If the President and Vice President both die, who becomes President?
Which is the vote that really chooses the president?
How many electoral votes are required for a candidate to win the presidency?
The House of Representatives
If a candidate does not win enough votes in the electoral college, where must he/she win in?
The population of the state
What is the formula for determining the number of electoral votes a state has?
When is Inauguration Day?
State of the Union Address
What is the name of the speech made by the President to the Congress every January?
Who signs the treaties?
What is the most years a president COULD be elected for
Who is the commander in chief of all military forces?
Advise the President
What do the members of the President's cabinet do?
There are 8; there should be 9
How many justices are there, and how many should there be?
President of Senate; Vice President
What are the 2 jobs of the Vice President
What are the terms of a representative?
What are the terms of a senate?
What are the terms of the President?
How many members of the house?
How many members in the senate?
How many members of the Supreme Court?
Vice President(Paul Ryan), President Pro Tempore, & Secretary of State
Who is the 3rd, 4th, and 5th in line to the Presidency?