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Lesson 13: Airport and Heliport Operations
Terms in this set (43)
Numbered according to magnetic directions to the nearest 10°. Aligned according to prevailing winds
The runway in use
Identify the beginning of the runway available for landing. Also identify the width of the landing. Four stripes equals 60 feet, six stripes equal 75 feet, 8 stripes equals 100 feet, 12 stripes equals 150 feet, 16 stripes equals 200 feet
Denoted by solid yellow line. Hold lines consist of two solid lines into dashed lines together
Parking area, ramp, apron
Referred to as nonmovement area area
Highest point of the usable runway in msl
Shows wind direction and velocity
Shows wind direction only
Points into the wind
Civilian land beacon
Alternating white and green
Two white with alternating green
Alternating white and yellow
Alternating green yellow and white
VASI Visual approach slope indicator
Two or three white bar system that assures safe obstruction clearance within four nautical miles and 10° of runway. In a two bar system to white means to high, two red means to low, red over white you're alright.
Single light unit. Amber means too high, green means you're good, red means too low
PAPI precision approach path indicator
Two or four lights in a row instead of far and near. All white equals too high. Left white right red equals on path all read to low dead
Airplanes use a left pattern at 600 to 1500 feet AGL. Helicopters avoid the flow of fixed wing traffic
CTAF, common traffic advisory frequency
Each airport is assigned this frequency and it is found in the AFD or aeronautical charts
When not in controlled airspace report position distance, Direction and altitude at 10 miles, 5 miles, 3 miles and over midfield and any other time is needed
Light gun signals
Is needed ATC can give signals to directing aircraft in event of radio failure
on the ground means clear to take off and in the air cleared to land
On the ground clear to taxi, in the air return to land
On the ground, stop. In the air, stop or circle.
On the ground taxi clear runway. In the air don't land airport unsafe
On the ground return to starting point, in the air not applicable
Alternating red and green
On the ground exercise extreme caution as well as in the air
ATIs. Automatic terminal information service
Updated hourly or as needed if weather changes significantly. Each broadcast has the phonetic identifier that let's ADC know. Give current wind and weather
Gives initial taxi clearance. At unfamiliar airports they can give you progressive taxi
Approach in the porch or control. TRACON. Terminal radar control
ATC service for arrival and departure flights in or out of a Charlie or bravo airspace. Get atis before entering
Controlled and uncontrolled. Nongovernmental communications facility which may provide airport information along with other available services. If you Rent-A-Car etc.
FSs. Flight service station
When you file your flight plan with a flight service station, you have to open it with the flight service station either on the radio or phone.
Standard air to air frequency of 122.9 MHz. Usually at airports with no service
AWOs. Automated weather observation system
Broadcast it over certain navigates giving you minute by minute weather
ARTCC. Air route traffic control center
Control facility that provides traffic control services to aircraft on IFR or vfr flight plans through controlled airspace. Principally through the long range and route phase of the flight. 21 and United States
ELT emergency location transmitter
Battery operated transmitter that sends out a signal on a 121.5 MHz 243.0 MHz and new were 406. New 406 MHz ELt Are digital and gives owner information and air aircraft information. ATC in-flight service stations monitor the stations. A safe system monitors 406 MHz systems. Can be manually activated or automatically activated with hard impact. Should operate for 48 hours continuously. Requires inspection every 12 months. Replace batteries after one hour of two interviews or 50% of its useful life.
121.5. Limited to line of sight. For use in situations in distress or emergentcy. Military towers, FSS, radar facilities in many civilian towers monitor
A condition of being threatened by serious and or in eminent danger requiring immediate assistance such as fire, mechanical or structural failure.
Condition of being concerned about safety and or requiring timely but not immediate assistance. Potential distress
Mayday Mayday Mayday
Pan pan pan pan pan pan
Emergency squawk codes
7500 is hijacking, 7600 his radio failure, 7700 is emergency
Lost procedures five C's.
Climb, better radio reception and sight. Communicate, use any frequency in the area on sectional. Confess, tell whoever you can't that you were lost. Comply, do what told to do. Conserve, reduce power and limits fuel use.
VHF direction finder
If dirt disoriented contact Ephesus, a specialist will ask you to keep Mike and direction finding equipment will home to your signal and that can direct from there
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