Chapter 8 Vocab
Terms in this set (42)
A rise in rebellion against another.
Nicknamed William the Conqueror and Great Grandfather of Henry II. First Norman king of England.
Grandson of William the Conqueror murdered an archbishop. King of England and Duke of Normandy.
Daughter of Henry I. Queen of England, mother of Henry II, wife to Geoffrey Plantagenet.
Nickname of Richard earned for his bravery and perseverance in the Holy Land.
Creator of the administrative and judicial systems that influenced the U.S. government. He also created the petty jury, and murdered the Archbishop over religious views.
Thomas à Beckett
Chief officer to Henry, but was then murdered by him when their religious views differed.
The third son of Henry and Eleanor, nicknamed Richard the Lionhearted.
Brother and successor to Richard, nicknamed Lackland for making the mistake of marrying the wife of a vassal belonging to Philip. To protect his vassal's interests he took the opportunity to invade Anjou, Normandy, and Poitou, where he won.
Henry's Enemy who married his ex-wife. Even after he died, his son continued plotting against the Plantagenets.
Philip II Augustus
Son of Louis VII, joined the third crussade but left after the death of Frederick. He went home and attacked Richard's fiefs.
Frederick I Barbarossa
Died from drowning on the Third Crusade. Waged war on Italy for three years and eventually won.
Son of King John, took on the throne at the age of 9 where he was ruled by a group of nobles. Eventually he rebelled and pursued politics.
Duchess of Aquitaine married to Henry I
Husband of the marriage Henry I forced upon Matilda . He was the French Count of Anjou.
Ruler of the Turks. He had captured Jerusalem and after being the target of the third Crusade eventually allowed the Christians to visit the Holy City on Pilgrimage.
Archbishop who led the revolt against John the tyrant king. He made up the Magna Carta.
Simon de Monfort
Gained power by starting the parliament. Enemy of Henry.
Duchess of Aquitaine
Eleanor, wife to Henry II and mother to Richard the Lionhearted.
Archbishop of Canterbury
Thomas à Becket was made this by Henry, but when their religious views differed, things got bloody. When one of Henry's courtiers overheard the king's disliked, he went and murdered Thomas.
The Nickname of King John, earned when he allowed Philip to invade Anjou, Normandy, and Poitou.
Henry's large span of land.
A county in France.
A part of France.
A checkered cloth used as a mathematical tool to add up what people owed the king. If you didn't have the money you were put in jail.
A judge who is in charge of hearing the cases in a court.
Question asked to gain information during a court case or other questioning.
A court system designed to decide guilt or innocence in the people.
The sovereign and his government with power over a country or state.
A court made to settle religious feuds.
People of religion who perform religious ceremonies or other duties at churches.
The second group of people traveling to the holy land.
The third crusade was led by Richard, Frederick, and Philip. Frederick drowned on the way over and Philip left. The third crusade was traveled in hope of gaining back Jerusalem from the Turks.
The place (or near it) where the Magna Carta was signed in 1215.
The year when the Magna Carta was created.
Document restricting the king's abuse of power and money.
A group of people who make and approve laws, includes the House of Lords and the House of Commons. Designed to give counties equal say in government decisions.
A place governed by a king or queen with laws restricting their power.
House of Lords
The higher houses of the two in Parliament.
House of Commons
One of the two houses of the Parliament,
Included the signing of the Magna Carta, was part of the renaissance period.
Considered the high middle ages.