Fundamentals of Music
Terms in this set (59)
Name the Four Categories of music instruments?
Strings, woodwinds, brasses, precussions
List the 6 instruments in the string section?
Harps, 1st & 2nd violins, piano, violas, cellos, double basses
List the 8 instruments in the wood winds section?
Bass clarinet, clarinets, bassoons, contrabassoon,piccolo, flutes, oboes, English horn
Name the 4 instruments in the brass section?
French horns, trombones, trumpets, tuba
Name the 6 instruments in the precautions section?
Glockenspiel, xylophone, bass drum, cymbals, snare drum, timpani
The element of music is determined by the frequency (cycles per second) vibration is called
The distance between two pitches is a?
Two identical pitches played one after the other are referred to as a?
The interval between two notes (one higher than the other) of the same name that have a similar sound because the upper has exactly double the sound vibrations per second of the lower is called a?
Mezzo fote means
Crescendo meant to?
Become gradually louder
A regular, recurrent pulsation in music is called the?
The organization of beats into regular groups is?
The pace, or speed, of the beat is called the?
Freedom to move ahead or fall behind the tempo of a piece is called?
Short sections of melodies are called?
A resting point for a Melody called a?
A group of three or more notes that are played or sung together is called a?
A series of chords is called a?
In music, the term resolution generally refers to?
A dissonant chord moving to a consonant chord
The triad built on the first step of a scale is called the?
A chord that is broken up and played one note at a time is called a?
Musical organizations that uses the tonic as a sort of "home base" to provide a sense of completion is called?
The term used to describe a central note, scale, or chord is?
Flats and sharps places at the beginning of each line of music to indicate what key the work is in are referred to as?
The key signature
A scale that uses all available notes is called a?
The only western scale that is not used as a basis for a particular key because it lacks a "home base" is the?
Which of these scales do composers use to create dissonance for special, dramatic effects?
Shifting from one key to another within a single composition is called?
When two singers sing the same pitch, even if they are octave apart, they are said to be singing in?
Which of these pieces included with your txt has a monophonic texture?
"Dies Iran," chant
The musical texture that is defined by independence and equality among multiple voices is?
This term is used to describe the technique of combining several melodic lines to create a polyphonic work.
A composition that presents a musical idea in one voice then immediately presents it in a second voice is using a compositional technique called?
A round or canon results from this compositional technique?
A round or canon is in a style of imitation called?
Which of these pieces included with your text is a round or canon?
"When Jesus wept" by billings
A singer accompanying him or her on a guitar is performing which type of music?
The organization of musical ideas in time is?
The formal structure that incorporates a beginning section, a contrasting middle section, and a repeat of the beginning section is called?
The lowest female voice type is the?
The highest male voice is the?
Which of the following is not primarily a bowed sting instrument? Harp, viola, violin, cello
The technique of plucking a violin string with the fingers is called?
Rapid vibration of the left hand while pressing the string against the fingerboard creates a warmer sound that is called?
Which of the following is not a brass instrument? French horn, bassoon, tuba, trombone
Which of these old woodwind instruments was not called a "buzzy" (instruments that had double reeds vibrated together)? Crumhorn, Shawn, recorder, bagpipe
The saxophone was invented in the?
Which of the following is not a pitch percussion instrument? Timpani, marimba, cymbals, chimes
Which of the following types of instruments functions well as both solo and accompaniment instruments because they can stimultaneously play melodies and chords? Keyboard, brass, voice, woodwind
One of the most powerful forces in twentieth-century music was?
The development of electronic instruments
The earliest electronic instrument was the?
Using non-western instrument classification, where would you place the harp?
Using non-western instruments classifications, where would you place the pipe organ?
A small group of instruments in which each player plays his or her own part is called a?
A piano trio has the following instrumentation?
Piano, cello, and violin
A large group of instruments from different families is called a?
An ensemble made up primarily of wood winds, brass, and percussion is an?
The conductor is responsible for?
Leading a large ensemble of musicians