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vernacular languages

everyday language

English, French, Italian, German, Spanish

What are the vernacular languages?


traveling singers

National epic, romances, prose fiction, fabliaux, and dramas

What are some forms of vernacular literature?


short comic stories in rhymed verses


Who wrote the Divine Comedy?


Who wrote the Canterbury Tales?


Who is considered the father of modern Italian?

the pilgrimage to the 3 realms where christian souls could go after death

What does The Divine Comedy tell about?

hell, puratory, and paradise

What 3 places could christian souls go to after death?


Dante is guided through hell and purgatory by WHO?


Dante is guided through heaven by WHO?

a young woman of Florence who became Dante's literary inspiration

Who is Beatrice?

Middle English

All of Chaucer's works are written in a dialect of _________ ________.

Plato and Aristotle

The educational system resembled that of Athen's when WHO and WHO taught?

an association of people

universitas means:

theology and liberal arts

Those at Paris and Oxford specialized in WHAT?

Latin grammar, logic, rhetoric, arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, and music

Liberal arts included WHAT?

civil law and canon(church law)

The University of Bologna taught WHAT?


The University at Salerno specialized in WHAT?


What signified the beginning of work as a teacher?


the attempt of medieval philosphers to reconcile Christian faith with Aristotle's philosophy

Peter Abelard

important scholastic philospher; book Sic et Non

Sic et Non

a collection of statements showing inconsistencies of teaching by the church

Thomas Aquinas

A Dominican friar; wrote Summa Theologiae

Summa Theologiae

What summarized Christian thought?

math and optics

What two subjects received serious attention in Europe?

the study of light

What is optics?

Asia, Europe

Windmills and waterwheels were invented in _______, and spread to _________.


style using arches, vaults, domes, and low horizontal lines

similar to Rome

Romaneque means:

Spain and Sicily

Classic work from Greek and Roman philosophers came through Muslims in ________ and ____________.


one of the most beautiful forms of architecture during the middle ages names after a barbarian tribe:

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