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hormone produced by anterior pituitary gland; regulates skin pigmentation
hormone produced by anterior pituitary gland; stimulates breast development and formation of milk during pregnancy and after delivery
hormone produced by anterior pituitary gland; causes ovulation; stimulates ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone; stimulates testerone production
hormone produced by anterior pituitary gland; initiates growth of eggs in ovaries; Stimulates spermatogenesis in testes
hormone produced by anterior pituitary gland; stimulates adrenal cortex to produce glucocorticoids
hormone produced by anterior pituitary gland; stimulates thyroid gland and the production of thyroxine
hormone produced by posterior pituitary gland; stimulates water resorption by renal tubules; has antidiuretic effect
hormone produced by posterior pituitary gland; induces contraction of the uterine muscles during childbirth and causes the mammary glands to eject milk during nursing
hormone produced by parathyroid gland; regulates metabolism of calcium; elevates serum calcium by drawing calcium from bones
hormone produced by adrenal cortex; promotes sodium reabsorption by the kidneys and helps control the salt-water balance. (ex. aldosterone)
hormone produced by adrenal cortex; regulates metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats in cells (ex. cortisol, corticosterone, cortisone)
hormone produced by adrenal cortex; governs secondary sex characteristics and masculinization (ex. androgens, estrogens, progestins)
hormones secreted by the adrenal medulla that affect the sympathetic nervous system in stress response (fight or flight response) (ex. epinephrine and norepinephrine)
hormone secreted by pancreas (the A cells); increases concentration of glucose in blood by causing conversion of glycogen to glucose
hormone produced in the ovaries; cause development of female secondary sex characteristics
hormone produced in the ovaries; prepares and maintains endometrium for implantation and pregnancy
hormone produced by testes; stimulates and promotes growth of male secondary sex characteristics and is essential fo rerections
hormone produced by thymus gland; promotes development of immune cells ( gland atrophies during adulthood)
hypersecretion of GH occurs after puberty characterized by overgrowth of bones in the face, hands and feet
deficiency in the release of vasopressin (ADH), may be hereditary or the result of an insult to the hypothalmus or pituitary gland
autoimmune disorder; occurs in women 8 times more than men, most common between 45-65 and is the leading cause of goiter and hypothyroidism
diffuse goiter and over-production of thyroid hormone, main symptom is exophtalmos (outward protrusion of eyeballs)
congenital condition in infants and young children in which the thyroid gland is absent or nonfunctional resulting in mental and growth retardation
severe acquired hypothyroidism developing in older children or adults, s/s mimic depression
increase in the breakdown of bone from skeletal system resulting in hypercalcemia, muscle weakness and atrophy
s/s-hypocalcemia - hyperexcitability of nervous system resulting in overstimulation of skeletal muscles. Numbness, tingling of fingertips, toes, ears or nose, muscle spasms in hands and feet
excessive cortisol levels, resulting in moon face, buffalo hump and gross obesity of trunk
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