Sun, Moon, Earth Quiz
Terms in this set (103)
compare and contrast rotation and revolution
Earth takes 24 hrs to rotate 1 time on its axis which gives us day and night. Earth takes 365 1/4 days to revolve around the sun which = 1 year
Why do we have seasons
In the earths trip around the sun the northern and southern hemispheres are getting different amounts of radiation b/c earth is tilted on its axis 23.5 degrees
Why do we see phases of the moon and what are they
Full and New= spring tides and neap tides= Quarter moons.
Moon isan´t sitting still is ans it takes it 29.5 days to orbit the earth so it reflects a different amount of light
Why don´t we get eclipses with every full and new moon
The moon orbit is tilted 5 degrees so you don´t see solar and lunar eclipses and so the moon and the earth have to cross paths to get and eclipse.
Compare and Contrast a lunar and solar eclipse
Why do we have low and high tides
WE have high and low tides b/c of the gravitational pull of the sun, moon, and the earth
The action of rotating around an axis or center
The movement around another object
2 times per year, longest and shortest days, when the sun gets highest and lowest in the sky
The time or date at which the sun crosses the equarter. Day and night save length
The earths tilt
The tilt of the moons rotational deree
The shadow of the earths reflecting onto the moon
Red moon during a lunar eclipse
The shadow crust by the earth or the moon over an area expending a partial eclipse
What is being modeled in this pic
A ______ is Earth's yearly orbit around the sun
During night, your area of earth is facing_____the sun.
The spinning of earth on its axis, called________, causes day and night to occur
Earth completes about ________ rotations during its one year journey around the sun.
One complete revolution of earth takes about ____ days or 1 ______.
365 or 1 year
The Earth's ______ is imaginary line around which earth spins.
The earth's orbit is an _______ an elongated closed curve.
Earth's ______ causes seasons.
tilt (at a 25 degree angle)
_______occurs in the hemisphere tilted toward the sun. The suns's radiation strikes the earth at a higher angle and for longer periods of time.
Which term describes the shape of the earth.
The moon's radiation take ______ days; the same amount of time to revolve once around the earth.
What season occurs in the northern hemisphere?
The moon seems to shine because the surface reflects _______.
_____ ________ are the different forms that the moon takes in its appearance from earth.
A ______ _______ occurs when the moon is between the earth and the sun. The dark side of the moon faces earth. The moon is always in the sky, but it can't be seen.
Name the moon phase that occurs about 24 hours after a new moon. You can see a thin slice of the moon.
A _______ moon appears when all of the moons surface facing earth, reflects sunlight.
Name the moon phase that begins just after a full moon.
Name the moon phase that occurs about a week after a new moon. During the phase, you can see half of the moon.
first quarter moon.
Name the moon phase that occurs during the waning phases, when you can see only half the moon.
third quarter moon
Name the moon phase that occurs just before another new moon.
It take about _______ days for the moon to complete its circle of phases.
An ________ occurs when the earth or the moon temporarily blocks the sunlight from reaching the other.
An eclipse can only occur when the ________, the moon and the _________ are lined up perfectly.
earth , sun
A ________ eclipse occurs when the moon moves directly between the sun and the earth and casts its shadow over part of the earth.
Standing in the _______allows you to see a total eclipse.
A _______eclipse occurs when the earth's shadows fall on the moon.
Upon moving completely into Earth's umbra, the moon goes dark, signalling that a _______ ______ eclipse has occurred.
______________ is the force of attraction between all objects.
High tides occur on the side of the earth ________ the moon and also on the __________ side.
When the moon, earth, and the sun are lined up together, the combined pull of the sun and the moon causes _________.
When the sun, moon, and earth form a 90 degree angle, high tides are lower and low tides are higher than normal. These are called _________ tides.
The Earth moves around the ____ and the moon moves around the _______.
The moon looks different to us on earth because of the way the ______ hits it. Moonlight is really _________.
During a new moon, the moon is between you and the _______. During a new moon you can't _____ the moon.
During a half moon, sunlight is falling on ______ of the moon.
During a full moon, earth is between the sun and the ________.
Moon glow is really _________.
The moon doesn't have as much _______ as the earth.
Where did the moon come from? One theory claims that ______ was hit by an asteroid and a piece of ________ flew off. The pull of gravity held it in ___________ around the earth.
earth, earth, ???
The _______of the moon pulls on everything on earth.
The moon's gravity pulls on earth's _______ , which is the main reason we have ____________.
A ________ is when the shadow of the moon falls on the earth.
A _______ is when the shadow of the earth falls on the moon.
Why don't we get an eclipse every month? Its all because the moons orbit has a little ________.
An eclipse is when ever _______ is blocked.
The gravity of the moon is _______ of the gravity on the earth.
The moon looks different because of its _____________.
The moon doesn't have an _________. It doesn't have oceans, plants, or wildlife. But the moon does have moon ________.;
What is the difference between a full moon and a new moon?
You can see all the moon and then in a new moon you can see none of the moon.
The moon orbits the earth once every 29 _______; while the earth rotates on its axis once every 24 ________.
days , hours
T or F? The earth and moon seem to have formed from the same type of materials?
Is the moon's crust thinner or thicker than the earth's?
Maria on the moon are not seas as once thought, but fields of __________ from volcanoes that are no longer active.
True or false? Our solar system has over 60 moons?
The moon causes tides through the pull of the _________.
Because of the pull of the moon's gravity and the friction of tides, is the earth's rotation speeding up or slowing down?
We can't see the moon at night when it is between the sun and the earth. We called this phase the _______ phase.
In 10 million years, the moon will have moved so far away it will no longer effect ________.
In the distance future, the earth's ________ is the moon's orbit will synchronize and the pair will face each other until they cease to exist.
The moon is mostly _______ rocky object that travels around (orbits) the earth.
The distance between the moon and the earth is _______ miles. (384,400 KM). The same side of the moon _______ ______ the earth.
238, 900, always faces
US astronaut _________ ________ became the first man to _______ on the moon.
Neil Armstrong, walk
When the moon __________ the earth, it looks like it is ________ ________ in the sky. From earth, it looks like the moon is growing and shrinking as it moves through its phases.
orbits, changing shape
On earth we see different moon phases depending on how much ______ is being ______ off the moon.
When more of the moon becomes visible, we say that it is "________." When less of the moon is visible, we say that is is "_______."
The phases of the moon are _______ moon, waxing crescent, first quarter(waxing quarter), waxing gibbous, ________ moon, waning gibbous, last quarter (waning quarter), and waning crescent.
It takes the moon about ______ days to complete all its phases before it starts all over again.
_______ ________ - the moon is not visible, no sunlight is being reflected.
_______ ________- only a small part of the moons shape is visible. It is beginning to look larger.
________ ________-(waxing quarter) - one half of the moon is visible. It will continue to look larger until it is full.
_______ ________- the moon's round shape is mostly visible. It will soon be a full moon.
________ ________- the moon's round shape is visible.
_______ ________- Most of the moon's round shape is visible but it is beginning to get smaller.
________ __________ - (waning quarter) half of the moon's round shape is visible (opposite of first quarter). It will continue to reflect less light and look smaller.
_______ ________- only a small part of the moon's round shape is visible. Soon, no sunlight will be reflected and the phases will start all over again.
The _________ effect how all things grow and change every year.
The earth is sometimes/always tilted as it goes around the sun.
The southern hemisphere is another name of the southern _____ of the earth.
The reason it is colder in the winter is because we get sunlight/moonlight at an angle.
The pendulum can be used to show the _______ of the earth.
In the summer in Alaska, there are only a few hours of ________ a day.
The tilt of the moon/earth causes the sun to appear in the sky at a slightly different spot every day.
The _____ are the longest days of the year.
________ has seasons because its axis tilted much like the earth.
As the ______ change, so do plants.
In Chile, Christmas is during the _________.
The days are longer or shorter because the earth's axis is _______.
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