Terms in this set (30)

  • Cash crops
    Crops raised to make moneh for their owners Ex: cotton in US 1800s
  • Commercial agriculture and fruit farming
    Type of agriculture predominating in US southeast region. With growing season and humid climate and access to large markets up northeast
  • Mediterranean agriculture
    Type of agriculture that has same livestock raised but most efficient in crop production for human consumption other than animal feed
  • Plantation farming
    Type of agriculture on a large farm that specializes in one or two crops made for export
  • Horticulture
    The growing of fruits vegetables flowers trees from commercial base of Mediterranean Sea
  • Livestock ranching
    Commercial grazing of animals over an extensive area Practiced in arid/semi ariz regions
  • Dairy farming
    Farming in areas outlyinglarge urban areas and feed many population all across the US, Western Europe southeast Canada
  • Worlds breadbasket
    Parties of North America are often called bc what's the worlds most leading export crop
  • Grain farming
    Farming that produces wheat
  • Intensive subsistence agriculture
    Involves cultivation of small land plots through great amounts of labor and yields per Unit area and polutaion densities are both high
  • Extensive subsistence agriculture
    Involve large areas of land and minimal labor per land unit
  • Wet or lowland rice
    Planted on dry land in a nursery and moved on seedling to a flooded field to promote growth
  • Cereal grains
    Pats wheat eye or barley
  • Pampas
    Prairie lands
  • Mixed crop and livestock farming
    Farmers grow corn and raise livestock on the same land spread w/ most crops feeding animals Ex: maize farms
  • Nomadism
    Practice of moving frequently from one place to the other dictated by the need for posting to the animals Ex: native Americans
  • Pastoral nomadism
    Alternative to sedentary agriculture and characterized by following the herds, the hunter era and gatherers
  • Intertillage
    The growing of various types of crops
  • LDC farm size
    Small Only self Substainable Size
  • MDC farm size
    Have more machinery and scientific advantages Large farms devoted to agriculture
  • Scientific advantages
    Helps boost crop fields and the health of their animals
  • LDC % of farmers
    High percentage of farming
  • MDC % of farmers
    Small percentage of farmers
  • Impact of use of machinery
    Replace work w hand tools and animal powers
  • Crop rotation
    Practice of rotations use of different fields from crop each year to avoid exhausting soil
  • Enclosure
    Fencing/hedging large blocks of land
  • Agribusiness
    When people sell whatever they want Farming is integrated into large food production industry
  • Second agricultural revolution
    Began in Western Europe in 1600s Promoted higher yields per acre and per farmer
  • Seed agriculture
    Production of plants though annual seed plantings
  • Neolithic revolution
    Ability to settle based on successful cultivation of crops domestication is animals