Move your developing tank in a figure eight to disperse the chemicals
Opening of a lens
Depth Of Field
Points nearest and farthest from the camera
Used to load your film into the tank
Print made by placing negatives in contact with light sensitive paper
Highlights to midtones to shadows
Refers to the removal of the outer parts of an image to improve framing, accentuate subject matter or change aspect ratio.
Depth of field
Is the distance between the nearest and farthest objects in a scene that appear acceptably sharp in an image.
Chemical solution used to convert invisible image on film to a visible one
Chemical solution to remove unexposed areas from developed film and prints
the combination of aperture, shutter, and film speed
The measurement of the aperture setting in a camera lens.
Film speed is the measure of a photographic film's sensitivity to light. The larger the number the less light is needed to capture the image.
Used for adding or decreasing contrast
Telephoto lens 200mm and up, wide angle 18-40mm, normal lens 50mm
Focus until you see the film grain
Used for focusing
Measures exposure (ALWAYS USE IT)
Is an image on a photographic film that shows dark areas as light and light areas as dark, from which the final picture is printed.
A frame that holds a negative flat in an enlarger.
To give more than normal exposure to film or paper. The resulting silver density is often too great for best results.
A metal or plastic reel with spiral grooves into which roll film is loaded for development
A special darkroom lamp whose light is of a color and intensity that will not affect light- sensitive photographic materials. Not all such materials can be handled under a safelight, and some require a type designed specifically for them.
Is the length of time a camera's shutter is open when taking a photograph. The amount of light that reaches the film or image sensor is proportional to the exposure time.
Single-lens reflex camera.
an acid rinse used to stop development
A light-tight container, made of plastic or steel, in which film is developed.
Test strips are used to determine exposure time, contrast adjustments, and processing time.
To give less than normal exposure to film or paper. The resulting silver density is often less than necessary for best results.
A small window, screen or frame on a camera through which the photographer can see the area of a scene that will appear in the picture.
Common file format for digital photos and other digital graphics
Is the placement or arrangement of visual elements or ingredients in a work of art, as distinct from the subject of a work.
Makes the light on the enlarger darker in the darkroom
Rule of thirds
The rule of thirds is an essential photography technique. It can be applied to any subject to improve the composition and balance of your images. The rule of thirds is applied by aligning a subject with the guide lines and their intersection points, placing the horizon on the top or bottom line, or allowing linear features in the image to flow from section to section.
To burn-in a print, the print is first given normal exposure. Next, extra exposure is given to the area or areas that need to be darkened. A card or other opaque object is held between the enlarger lens and the photographic paper in such a way as to allow light to fall only on the portion of the scene to be darkened.
Reduces exposure in selected areas during printing by holding a solid object between the lens and the light-sensitive paper. By moving the object, abrupt changes in tone can be avoided.
Elements of Design
Successful photos rely on order, and the main elements that bring and emphasize order in a composition are: line, shape, form, color, texture, space and value.
Principles of Design
The principles of design describe the ways that artists use the elements of art in a work of art. Pattern, contrast, emphasis, balance, proportion, harmony, rhythm/movement.
Is what holds the printing paper flat under the enlarger.